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August 31, 2015 / 16 Elul, 5775
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Posts Tagged ‘Western Wall’

Rare 2,000 Yr Old Monument to Emperor Hadrian Found in Jerusalem

Tuesday, October 21st, 2014

A rare find of tremendous historical significance has been discovered in Jerusalem: a fragment of a stone engraved with an official Latin inscription dedicated to the Roman Emperor Hadrian.

Researchers say this is among the most important Latin inscriptions ever discovered in Jerusalem.

The fate of Jerusalem following the destruction of the Second Temple (70 CE) and prior to the Bar Kokhba revolt (132-136 CE) is one of the major issues in the history of the city and in terms of the Jewish people’s connection to it.

In the past year, the Israel Antiquities Authority has carried out salvage excavations in several areas north of the Damascus Gate to the Old City of Jerusalem. It was in one of those areas that the stone fragment bearing an official Latin inscription from the Roman period was discovered.

According to IAA excavation directors Dr. Rina Avner and Roie Greenwald,  “We found the inscription incorporated in secondary use around the opening of a deep cistern.

“In antiquity, as today, it was customary to recycle building materials and the official inscription was evidently removed from its original location and integrated in a floor for the practical purpose of building the cistern. Furthermore, in order to fit it with the capstone, the bottom part of the inscription was sawed round.”

Upon finding the inscription it was immediately clear to the excavators that they had uncovered an especially significant discovery, as indicated by the size and clarity of the letters.

The inscription, consisting of six lines of Latin text engraved on hard limestone, was read and translated by Avner Ecker and Hannah Cotton of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

The English translation of the inscription is as follows: (1st hand)To the Imperator Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus, son of the deified Traianus Parthicus, grandson of the deified Nerva, high priest, invested with tribunician power for the 14th time, consul for the third time, father of the country (dedicated by) the 10th legion Fretensis (2nd hand) Antoniniana.

According to Ecker and Cotton, “This inscription was dedicated by Legio X Fretensis to the emperor Hadrian in the year 129/130 CE.” Their analysis shows that the fragment of the inscription revealed by the IAA archaeologists is none other than the right half of a complete inscription, the other part of which was discovered nearby in the late nineteenth century and was published by the pre-eminent French archaeologist Charles Clermont-Ganneau. That stone is currently on display in the courtyard of Studium Biblicum Franciscanum Museum.

Only a small number of ancient official Latin inscriptions have been discovered in archaeological excavations throughout the country and in Jerusalem in particular.

There is no doubt that this is one of the most important of them.

The significance of the inscription stems from the fact that it specifically mentions the name and titles of Hadrian who was an extremely prominent emperor, as well as a clear date. The latter is a significant and tangible confirmation of the historical account regarding the presence of the Tenth Legion in Jerusalem during the period between the two revolts, and possibly even the location of the legion’s military camp in the city, and of one of the reasons for the outbreak of the Bar Kokhba revolt several years later and the establishment of ‘Aelia Capitolina’.

Even after 2,000 years the inscription is in an impressive state of preservation. Once the excavation findings are published, the inscription will be conserved and put on display for the public.

The events of the Bar Kokhba revolt are ascribed to the reign of the emperor Hadrian. He is remembered in Jewish history for having issued dictates imposing the persecution and forced conversions of Jews, which the sources referred to as the ‘Hadrianic decrees’.

Arabs Attack Bus to Western Wall as UN’s Ban Laments Damage in Gaza

Tuesday, October 14th, 2014

Arabs Attack Bus Carrying Israelis, Tourists to Western Wall

Arabs in Jerusalem attacked Israelis and foreign tourists traveling in a bus on the way to the Western Wall Tuesday morning.

The attackers hurled rocks at the vehicle, smashing the windshield of the bus in a deliberate attempt to kill the driver and send the bus into a fatal crash.

A number of similar road terror attacks have successfully murdered and wounded numerous drivers and/or their passengers in the past.

Miraculously, this morning’s attempt failed to physically harm anyone, although passengers were traumatized. Police immediately began scanning the area for suspects but no arrests have yet been made.

The attack occurred as United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was making headlines gasping over the destruction wrought by Hamas terrorists’ use of Gazans as human shields this summer during Operation Protective Shield.

Ban lamented the damage inflicted by IAF pilots, which came in response to incessant rocket and missile attacks on millions of Israeli civilians by Hamas and allied terrorists.

An estimated 20,000 homes were heavily damaged or destroyed due to terrorists embedding their ordnance, rocket launchers and strategic facilities among residential areas.

The land mass of Gaza is approximately that of New York City. The enclave’s population of about 1.8 million Palestinian Authority Arabs is concentrated in several areas where the land is good for agriculture, leaving numerous open areas.

The UN leader called the situation “beyond description” but also announced that Israel had agreed to allow an initial truckload of construction materials to enter Gaza.

The announcement comes despite the hard evidence that Hamas misused millions of dollars’ worth of construction materials previously trucked in for humanitarian purposes. Instead the terrorist group channeled the supplies to build a honeycomb of terrorist tunnels fully equipped for military use beneath the region and its borders, leading into both Israel and Egypt.

International donors pledged $5.4 billion on Sunday at a special donor conference in Cairo for reconstruction of the enclave. The sum exceeded the request of $4 billion submitted by the PA unity government for the purpose.

Netanyahu Calls Obama’s View of Jerusalem ‘Un-American’ [video]

Monday, October 6th, 2014

The Obama administration’s harsh condemnation of Jews buying homes from Arabs in eastern Jerusalem is “against American values,” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said in an interview on CBS’ Face the Nation Sunday.

He pointed out that in his meeting with President Barack Obama, the president did not talk about specifics when the president raised the issue of settlements.

“I said we should address the larger issues – are the Palestinians ready to recognize a nation state for the Jewish people the way we are ready to recognize the nation state of the Palestinians,” Netanyahu said.

The Prime Minister took the opportunity to spell out the facts concerning building homes in Jerusalem to support his reaction of being “baffled” by the American position.

He said the project being planned in what is called eastern Jerusalem, although in this case it actually is in the southern part of the capital, “There are 2,400 units. What they didn’t tell you is that 700 of those units are designated for Arab residents in Jerusalem.

“The whole line that Jews cannot buy homes in Jerusalem, or you can’t have mixed housing projects for Arabs and Jews, is wrong. I am baffled.

“If somewhere in America someone said Jews cannot buy apartments here, there would be an uproar. I do not accept this.”

Concerning the purchase of six buildings in the Silwan Valley, directly across the road form the Western Wall, Prime Minister Netanyahu stated, “Some Jewish residents of Jerusalem bought apartments legally from Arabs in a predominantly Arab neighborhood. This is seen as a terrible thing.. Arab in east Jerusalem buy apartments, thousands of them, in the Jewish neighborhood in west Jerusalem. No one says you can’t do it.

“If I said to you, in some place in the United States, “Jews cannot buy apartments here,’ there would be an uproar.

“It is against American values. The idea that we’d have this ethnic purification as a condition for peace? I think it’s anti-peace.”

Netanyahu did not address the principal reasoning of the Obama administration and its predecessors that dividing Jerusalem, and not declaring the city as the capital of Israel until it is divided, is in “the national security interests” of the United States.

He did not address the issue because no one has yet been able to solve the puzzle of how the American government, mainly the State Dept., links the two. It’s like starting to recite “A-B-C- and ending up with “Monday-Tuesday-Wednesday.”

Whoever can figure out why they are connected perhaps can also explain why Jews should not buy from Arabs but Arabs can buy from Jews.

Jews Enter Six More Buildings in Silwan Secretly Bought from Arabs

Tuesday, September 30th, 2014

More than two dozen Jews under heavy police escort moved into six more homes purchased by a Jewish investment company in Silwan Valley, including the City of David complex, in eastern Jerusalem Monday night.

A group of Arabs hurled firecrackers and stones at police in a failed attempt to enter one of the buildings, and one policeman was treated at the scene for head wounds.

Three of the homes are located in the City of David complex, located on the road opposite the Dung Gate that is the entrance to the Western Wall Plaza. At least one of the other homes is situated near the ancient Silwan Pool.

The Jewish Press has learned that approximately two dozen youth moved into the newly-purchased homes as part of a strategy to show an immediate presence prior to families moving in.

One of the youth, “A.” said he is part of a group of four young men who are in the two-story house near the Silwan Pool. He described the house as “very beautiful” and recently renovated. “A” added there was no violence and that the group intends to stay there for another day or two.

One resident of City of David said there is a long waiting list of families waiting for buildings to be purchased by Jews.

The leftist camp, backed by the European Union and Obama administration, has continuously protested the presence of Jews in the Arab neighborhood.

Jews, including a large group from Yemen, lived in the Silwan area decades ago but were forced out by the British during the period of the Mandate even though properties were purchased by Jews.

The City of David organization keeps its lips shut tight on how buildings are bought, and the recent purchases are no exception.

Its spokesman Ze’ev Orenstein told The Jewish Press that the organization was not “directly involved” in the purchases, which were carried out by the Kendell Financing company.

Kendell’s lawyer Avi Segal told The Jewish Press, “Kendell Finance is a company that deals with property and investments. The company chose to invest in buildings in Jerusalem that were bought legally.”

All other questions to Segal and Orenstein were met with a wall of silence, which is the smartest strategy because anything they say will be held against them by Peace Now, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and anyone else who cannot stand to see Jews violating the sacred principles of the holy ”peace process” that demands the expulsion of Jews from the same neighborhood from which the British once expelled them.

Al sources are mum on the purchase price of the homes and the whereabouts of the previous Arab owners.

It is widely accepted that the buildings fetch a hefty price, especially since the Arab sellers know that Jews are willing to pay through the nose to return to the area.

The Arab sellers usually operate through a third party to protect themselves and their families from their brethren who consider them traitors for selling to Jews.

The Obama administration can be expected to frown on the new purchases in Silwan Valley.

Let them frown.

Clean Up the Wall

Thursday, September 18th, 2014

Western Wall’s employees, remove thousands of handwritten notes placed between the ancient stones of the Kotel, the Western Wall, Judaism’s second holiest site, in the Old City of Jerusalem.

The operation is carried out twice each year: before the Passover festival in the spring and at the Jewish New Year in the fall.

The prayer supplications will be buried on Har HaZeitim (the Mount of Olives).

Moshe Feiglin: Netanyahu Has Conceded Temple Mount [video]

Friday, September 5th, 2014

Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu has conceded sovereignty over the Temple Mount to Jordan, and the holy site is being overrun by jihadists, Likud MP and Jewish Leadership chairman Moshe Feiglin wrote on his Facebook page Thursday.

The Prime Minister announced on Thursday that following protests from Jordan over a new bridge for non-Muslims leading from the Western Wall Plaza to the Temple Mount, he ordered its removal.

His office stated, “There was a structure built without proper authority; there is no real need for this structure. When the Jordanians approached us, we of course agreed. There was no objective reason to have it there in first place. Everyone understands the sensitivity of the area and there’s no logical reason to add extra sources of friction.”

MK Moshe Feiglin wrote on his Facebook page on Thursday, “About half a year ago I submitted a Knesset query to PM Netanyahu on the topic of Israel’s loss of sovereignty on the Temple Mount and its transfer to Jordan. This query has not yet been addressed.

“But yesterday, it became clear that PM Binyamin Netanyahu is transferring the sovereignty on the Temple Mount to Jordan in practice.

“The only approach for non-Muslims to the Temple Mount is via the Mugrabim Gate, overlooking the Western Wall. Following an earthquake, the original approach to the gate collapsed in 2004. The government had planned to build a new stone bridge to the Mugrabim Gate, but capitulated to world pressure and sufficed with a rickety, temporary wooden bridge.

“Engineers from the Jerusalem Municipality declared the temporary bridge unsafe, and over the past few weeks a new, safer wooden bridge has been built under the older bridge. Jordan, however, demanded that the bridge be removed and yesterday, work to dismantle it began.

“This capitulation to the Jordanian demand and the dismantling of a safety bridge that was erected over the Western Wall Plaza (it is not even on the Temple Mount) testifies to the fact that the PM has indeed conceded Israeli sovereignty on the Temple Mount.

“When ISIS and Hamas flags fly freely on the Temple Mount and when the Prime Minister transfers sovereignty on the Mount to radical Islam, Israel’s hold on the Negev, Galil and mixed Jewish-Arab cities is lost.

“ISIS flags can already be seen in Sachnin and Taibeh, Arab towns in northern Israel. The PM’s demonstration of weakness encourages Israel’s enemies in the south and north, infusing them with hope to continue to fight us.”

IDF Takes You On a Guided Tour of Terror Tunnel

Wednesday, September 3rd, 2014

Hamas terror tunnels, destroyed by the IDF war against Hamas terror, have become more popular than the Western Wall tunnel, where thousands of tourists walk daily.

Lt. Libby Weiss from the IDF Spokesperson’s Unit gives an exclusive look into the tunnel that ended near Kibbutz Ein HaShlosha. The discovery of the tunnel foiled what would have been a mass slaughter of Jews on the kibbutz at the hands of Hamas murderers. But how could the IDF spokeswoman have led a virtual tour of the tunnel if the IDF destroyed all of them? An IDF spokesman explained to The Jewish Press that the military left the Israeli side of the tunnel in tact so that it could be used for military training as well as for the media to see how Hamas used the humanitarian aid.

Perhaps the kibbutz or the IDF could encourage tourism in the south by opening the tunnel for public tours. An “Israel tunnel tour” could take people to the terror tunnel to understand the demented brain of Hamas and then could take them to Jerusalem to walk through the Western Wall tunnel and experience the site where Herod expanded the Second Temple.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/breaking-news/idf-takes-you-on-a-guided-tour-of-terror-tunnel/2014/09/03/

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