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April 18, 2014 / 18 Nisan, 5774
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Posts Tagged ‘WW II’

Croatian Synagogue Demolished by Fascists to be Rebuilt

Saturday, July 27th, 2013

The Jewish community of Zagreb, Croatia, is moving ahead with plans to rebuild a synagogue destroyed in the World War II.

“We are conducting examinations in Prague Street on the site of our destroyed synagogue in order to rebuild it,” said a statement from the local Jewish community, quoted Thursday by the Jutarnji newspaper.

Today, the site is a parking lot and features a plaque memorializing the synagogue. A debate over whether to rebuild the synagogue started soon after Croatia became independent in 1991, but nothing was done partly because of disagreements within the Jewish community, the paper reported.

The synagogue was opened in 1867 and was destroyed 1942 by the Fascist Ustasha regime, which ruled Croatia under Nazi and Italian patronage from 1941 until May 1945.

Nazis and their collaborators murdered about 9,000 Jewish men, women and children in the city during the Holocaust. Less than 3,000 survived the Nazi occupation, and  800 of them emigrated to Israel in 1948, according to the  non-profit  Beit Israel,.

Only 509 Jews remain in all of Croatia, according to the 2011 census.

Bulgaria Commemorates 70 Years of Saving Its Jews

Sunday, March 10th, 2013

The 70th anniversary of the rescue of Bulgaria’s Jews in WW II is being commemorated with a number of solemn ceremonies in Bulgarian capital Sofia Sunday, Sofia News Agency reports.

Unlike most other Nazi allies or Nazi-occupied countries (with the exception of Denmark and Finland), Bulgaria managed to save its entire Jewish population of 48,000 from deportation to concentration camps.

Bulgarian Minister of Justice Dimitar Peshev is credited with playing a major role in preventing the deportations, as well as Bulgarian Church officials and ordinary citizens.

The story of the Bulgarian Jews during World War II is been told in “Beyond Hitler’s Grasp: The Heroic Rescue of Bulgaria’s Jews” by Michael Bar-Zohar, an Israeli historian, politician and former Knesset member who was born in Bulgaria.

The organization of Jews in Bulgaria, Shalom, will unveil a memorial sign near the Bulgarian Parliament, after which a solemn ceremony will be held at the Sofia Synagogue.

The ceremony will be attended by official representatives of the Jewish community in Bulgaria, the state of Israel, and other foreign dignitaries.

On Sunday night, the mayors of Bulgarian towns which helped rescue Jews from the Nazis will be awarded the Shofar prize in a ceremony under the auspices of Bulgarian President Rosen Plevneliev.

The solemn events Sunday will also mourn the 11,343 Jews who were deported to the death camps from territories in Yugoslavia and Greece occupied by Bulgaria during WW II.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/breaking-news/bulgaria-commemorates-70-years-of-saving-its-jews/2013/03/10/

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