Photo Credit: Kobi Richter / TPS
IDF Chief of Staff Gadi Eizenkot (file)

“The Northern front and Hezbollah remain the IDF’s highest priority,” IDF Chief of Staff Gadi Eizenkot said Wednesday at an event marking 11 years to the Second Lebanon War.

Eizenkot said the Lebanese Shi’ite group has significantly strengthened its capabilities in the time that has passed since the war, but added the group now finds itself in a difficult situation due to its involvement in the Syrian civil war and elsewhere in the Middle East.

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“Hezbollah finds itself in a very complex strategic reality,” Eizenkot said. “Around a third of its force is fighting in Syria, Iraq and Yemen and it has lost around 1,700 men, with around 7,000 more of its fighters having been injured.”

Eizenkot also noted that Hezbollah was suffering from severe financial difficulties as a result of its foreign adventures, the morale of its fighters is low and it has lost two of its commanders in the past eight years – Imad Mughniyeh, who according to foreign sources was killed in a joint Mossad-CIA operation, and Mustafa Badreddine, whom Eizenkot has said in the past was killed by his own officers.

But despite those losses, Eizenkot warned, the group remains a major threat and has gained valuable battleground experience fighting in large formations alongside the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria, as well as in the civil wars in Iraq and Yemen.

Most observers believe another round of fighting between Israel and Hezbollah is only a matter of time, and Israeli intelligence believes the terror group has more than 100,000 short, medium and long-range rockets pointed at every area of Israel. In addition, a particular matter of concern is the possibility that the group has now become so deeply entrenched in Syria that it could open a second fighting front, if and when there is a war.

Since the Yom Kippur War in 1973 the Assad regime has made sure to keep the Israeli border “quiet,” a token of grudging respect for the IDF and fear that a cross-border attack could lead to a decision by Israel to remove the Syrian regime from power. With a significant Hezbollah presence in the country, however, the ability to control that eventuality may not rest entirely with the ruling elite.

“It’s true that they (Hezbollah) have suffered heavy losses and are stretched today,” said Jonathan Spyer, an Israel-Lebanon-Syria expert at the Global Research in International Affairs (GLORIA) Center, and a Fellow at the Middle East Forum. “But the group is stronger today than it was in 2006, as is Iran. Assad is weaker today and may not get to decide [what happens on the western border].

Spyer added that for the moment, a Hezbollah-Israel war is unlikely as long as the civil war continues in Syria, a point backed by the Chief of Staff for strategic reasons.

“Israel has the upper hand over its enemies, Hezbollah included,” Eizenkot said. “As far as its strategic balance is concerned, I can tell you that Israel absolutely has superiority over its enemies and in particular on the Northern front.”

As for the results of the the 2006 war with Hezbollah, the chief of staff said that Israel has enjoyed a period of unprecedented quiet on its Northern border.

“The North has experienced 11 years of quiet that are unheard of since the creation of the State of Israel. Children are growing up in Kiryat Shmona and Nahariya without the sound of sirens and mortars and without terrorist infiltration – a reality that inflicted the North for decades,” Eizenkot said.

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