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September 17, 2014 / 22 Elul, 5774
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Q & A: Crowns On Letters Of The Torah


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Thus R. Ishmael and Rabbi Akiba (Sanhedrin 4b) discuss the source of the requirement to insert four sections of the Shema in the phylacteries. Rabbi Akiba maintains that the word totafot itself implies four, for tot means “two” in Katpi [possibly a Coptic language], and fot means “two” in an ancient North-African language. Rashi (Deuteronomy 6:8) remarks that it indicates the four parashiyot in the tefillin as well as the four separate compartments [in the head phylactery] into which they are placed.

These and other questions are answered through exposition on various verses and Halacha leMoshe miSinai. [See Tractate Menachot 34b-38a and Rambam, Hilchot Tefillin, for further details.]

You have touched upon a very important concept without which we would be unable to understand or perform many of the mitzvot. We could point to a similar case regarding the etrog on Sukkot, as well as numerous other precepts. The details are all derived through exposition and Halacha leMoshe miSinai.

We might also add that when we – the person who reads from the Torah and the person called up to the reading, i.e., the oleh laTorah – see these seven letters written with coronets on the Torah scroll parchment, we are reminded that the Written Law is bound to the Oral Law. This constant reminder is such a great aid in improving our yir’at Shamayim (awe and fear of Heaven).

About the Author: Rabbi Yaakov Klass, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com.


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Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

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Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

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