web analytics
July 28, 2015 / 12 Av, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Q & A: Traveling And Missing Menorah Lighting (Part II)

QuestionsandAnswers-logo

The Ba’al Halachot Gedolot (a halachic code of the Geonic period), which the Beit Yosef also quotes, understands “mi’shetishka hachama” as being very definite – namely, not before sunset. And so does the Rambam (as can be seen from the way he quotes and explains the text). Thus, the baraisa’s language sets the time frame of lighting and one may not light either before or after.

The Darchei Moshe – the commentary on the Tur by the Rema – notes that one who has missed lighting menorah on one of the nights of Chanukah should proceed to light the normal number of candles on subsequent nights. He cites the Maharil (Morenu HaRav Yaakov HaLevi Moellin, 14th-15th century, Mainz) and the Aguddah as his sources; he disputes the Maharam of Rothenburg who suggests that if one has not lit on the first night of Chanukah, one should only light one candle on the second night because it is the first night of lighting for him.

In the Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chayim 672), the Mechaber states (as he did in his explanation on the Rashba’s responsum) that one cannot compensate for missing lighting menorah – “ein lo tashlumin.” The Rema (ad loc.) remarks: “But he lights on subsequent nights,” adding (as in his Darchei Moshe commentary on the Tur) that he should not act differently than other people (i.e., he should light the same number of candles they light). The fact that the Rema finds it necessary to make this remark suggests that the Mechaber does not agree that he may light menorah on subsequent nights – which is at odds with his commentary (Beit Yosef) on the Tur.

According to the Ateret Zekeinim (ad loc.) we might explain the Rema’s understanding of the Mechaber’s “ein lo tashlumin,” not as prohibiting lighting on subsequent nights, but as referring to compensation for having lit fewer than the required numbers of candles on a particular night. He may add such candle(s) the next night without reciting additional blessings (as per the Orchot Chayim, quoted earlier).

The Gra explains that the mitzvah of lighting menorah is similar to the mitzvah of dwelling in a sukkah. We may erect a sukkah on Chol Hamo’ed if it was not possible to do so before the festival because the mitzvah of eating and sitting in a sukkah applies each and every day of the holiday. Likewise, the miracle of the oil took place on each of the eight days of Chanukah. Therefore, lighting menorah is obligatory on every night of Chanukah. He adds that it is not similar to counting omer, where omitting a single day causes a breach in the continuity of the count, since the Torah specifically states about the omer (Vayikra 23:15): “Sheva Shabbatot temimot tihyena – Seven complete weeks shall there be.”

It is abundantly clear from all of the above that a person who misses lighting menorah on one night should light menorah on subsequent nights.

As for your situation, you will either be at the airport or on an airplane at the time when lighting menorah becomes obligatory – both being places where authorities do not permit lighting a flame. As such, you are considered an onnes, a person who is prevented from fulfilling a mitzvah due to circumstances beyond his control. Hence, the rule “onnes rachmana patrei – one who is prevented due to circumstances beyond one’s control is relieved of one’s obligation” applies.

After submitting your original question, you showed me small battery-powered bulbs which you would be allowed to light on an airplane. That brings us to the following discussion.

Rabbi Chayim Ozer Grodzinski (Responsa Achiezer, Orach Chayim 6) discusses electricity on Shabbat. Quoting R. Yitzhak Shmelkes (Minhat Yitzhak, Yoreh De’ah, Responsum 120; Yoreh De’ah Vol. 2, Responsum 31), he refers to the liabilities incurred for kibbui (extinguishing), which is not allowed on Shabbat, and equates electricity with a flame. He permits reciting the proper blessing (over electric lights) for the mitzvah of lighting Shabbat candles, but adds that regarding Chanukah, one should use olive oil to fulfill the mitzvah in its optimal fashion.

Rabbi Grodzinski thus leaves us with the possibility of kindling nerot Chanukah with electric lights. However, we assume from his discussion that this would be without reciting the blessings.

About the Author: Rabbi Yaakov Klass, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Q & A: Traveling And Missing Menorah Lighting (Part II)”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
President Obama overlaid against photo of Jonathan Pollard.
Jonathan Pollard To Be Freed in November
Latest Judaism Stories
Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

Before going in, I had told R’ Nachum all of the things we were doing in Philly, and how it was very important to receive a good bracha on behalf of our newest venture, a Russian Kollel.

Q-A-Klass-logo

Question: When a stranger approaches a congregant in shul asking for tzedakah, should the congregant verify that the person’s need is genuine? Furthermore, what constitutes tzedakah? Is a donation to a synagogue, yeshiva, or hospital considered tzedakah?

Zvi Kirschner
(Via E-Mail)

Destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem

(JNi.media) Tisha B’Av (Heb: 9th of the month of Av) is a fast day according to rabbinic law and tradition, commemorating the destruction of the First Temple in 586 BCE by the army of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, and the destruction of the Second Temple in the year 70 CE by the Roman army led […]

Rabbi Avi Weiss

Devarim often parallels the stories in Bereishit but in reverse & can be considered as a corrective

‘Older’ By A Month
‘…Until The Beginning Of Adar’
(Nedarim 63a)

We realize how much we miss something only after it’s gone.

Because the words of Torah gladden the heart, studying Torah is forbidden when Tisha B’Av is on a weekday, except for passages in Scripture that deal with the destruction of the Temple and other calamities.

On Super Bowl Sunday itself, life seems to stop. Over one hundred million people watch the game. About half of the households in the country show it in their living rooms and dens.

Moses begins Sefer Devarim reviewing much of the 40 years in the desert & why he can’t enter Israel

While they are definitely special occurrences, why are they cause for a new holiday?

Torah wasn’t given to be kept in Sinai; Brooklyn or Beverly Hills-It was meant to be kept in Israel!

“When a king dies his power ends; when a prophet dies his influence begins” & their words echo today

In addition to the restrictions of Tisha B’Av, there are several restrictions that one may not perform during the week that Tisha B’Av falls in.

The word “shavat” in the first kina of Tisha B’Av morning indicates a sudden suspension and cessation of time that accompanied the Temple’s destruction.

The two decided to approach Rabbi Dayan. “What is the halachic status of conquered territory?” asked Shalom.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass
Q-A-Klass-logo

Question: When a stranger approaches a congregant in shul asking for tzedakah, should the congregant verify that the person’s need is genuine? Furthermore, what constitutes tzedakah? Is a donation to a synagogue, yeshiva, or hospital considered tzedakah?

Zvi Kirschner
(Via E-Mail)

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

Vol. LXVI No. 29 5775 New York City CANDLE LIGHTING TIME July 17, 2015 – 1 Av 5775 8:06 p.m. NYC E.D.T.   Sabbath Ends: 9:12 p.m. NYC E.D.T. Sabbath Ends: Rabbenu Tam 9:36 p.m. NYC E.D.T. Weekly Reading: Mattos-Mass’ei Weekly Haftara: Shim’u Devar Hashem (Jeremiah 2:4-28, 3:4, 4:1-2) Daf Yomi: Nedarim 54 Mishna Yomit: […]

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/ask-the-rabbi/q-a-traveling-and-missing-menorah-lighting-part-ii/2013/11/27/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: