web analytics
October 24, 2014 / 30 Tishri, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Meir Panim with Soldiers 5774 Roundup: Year of Relief and Service for Israel’s Needy

Meir Panim implements programs that serve Israel’s neediest populations with respect and dignity. Meir Panim also coordinated care packages for families in the South during the Gaza War.



Q & A: ‘The Scepter Shall Not Depart From Judah’ (Part IV)

QuestionsandAnswers-logo

What does “until Shiloh arrives” mean? The Ramban explains the reign of the House of David will hold true “until Shiloh arrives, and to him there will be [an assembly] of all the nations.” Shiloh, which refers to Mashiach, will be able to do with all the nations as he desires. “Scepter” alludes to King David, who was the first king from Judah who possessed a royal scepter, and “Shiloh” alludes to Mashiach through whom there will be a subduing of the nations.

The Ramban stresses that before King David there was no “scepter of Judah.” Rabbi Avraham Ibn Ezra disagrees, explaining that “Shiloh” refers to King David himself while the “scepter of Judah” refers to the situation that existed prior to King David. The Ramban fins this explanation implausible because, even though Judah was distinguished and traveled first among all the tribes as the Jews marched in the Wilderness (see Numbers 10:14), the word “scepter” is not appropriate for such minor distinctions. It only appropriate when talking about a king or ruler as in the following examples: “shevet mi’shor shevet ma’lchutecha – the scepter of fairness is the scepter of Your kingdom” (Psalms 46:7), “shevet moshlim – the scepter of the rulers” (Isaiah 14:5), and “shevet lim’shol – a scepter to rule” (Ezekiel 19:14).

The Ramban reiterates: This verse alludes to the fact that Jacob crowned the tribe of Judah king over the other tribes, and bequeathed to Judah the permanent right of rulership over Israel. This is what King David was referring to when he said (I Chronicles 28:4), “Va’yivchar Hashem Elokei Yisrael bi mi’kol beit avi, l’hiyot l’melech al yisrael l’olam, ki b’Yehudah ba’char l’nagid, u’bibeit Yehudah beit avi, u’bivnei avi bi ratzah l’hamlich al col yisrael – Hashem, G-d of Israel, chose me out of all of my father’s family to be king over Israel forever, for He chose Judah to be the ruler and out of the House of Judah [He chose] my father’s house, and out of the sons of my father He saw fit to make me king over all of Israel.”

The Ramban clarifies further: When it says “the scepter shall not depart,” it alludes to the fact that another tribe would reign over Israel, but only before Judah reigned. Once the scepter of kingship belonged to Judah, it would never depart from him. This is the meaning of II Chronicles 13:5: “…ki Hashem Elokei Yisrael natan mamlachah l’ David al yisrael l’olam; lo u’li’vanav, brit melach – …that Hashem, G-d of Israel gave kingship over Israel to [King] David forever, to him and his children, for an everlasting covenant.”

(To be continued)

About the Author: Rabbi Yaakov Klass, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Q & A: ‘The Scepter Shall Not Depart From Judah’ (Part IV)”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Do you know where your vegetables grow?
Not So Kosher Shemittah L’Mehadrin
Latest Judaism Stories
Greenbaum-102414

Noach was the lonely man of faith living in a depraved world, full of wickedness.

Parsha-Perspectives-logo

Avraham became a great man during the 175 years of his life, while his predecessors became increasingly wicked, despite staggering knowledge, during their lifetimes of hundreds of years.

Rapps-Rabbi-Joshua-logo

Shem realized that he owed his existence to his father who brought him into the world.

Daf-Yomi-logo

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

The flood was not sent to destroy, but to restore the positive potential of the world.

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Why is there is no mention of dinosaurs, and other prehistoric animals, in the Torah?

Strict din demands perfection. There is no room for shortcomings and no place for excuses; you are responsible.

Surprisingly, my husband and one son arrived home over half-an-hour earlier than usual. I excitedly shared my perfect-timing story, but my better half one upped me easily.

Noach felt a tug, and then heard a rip. His jacket had been caught on the nail, and the beautiful suit had a tear.

Boundaries must be set in every home. Parents and children are not pals. They are not equals.

Noah and his wife could not fathom living together as husband and wife and continuing the human race

The Babel story is the 2nd in a 4-act drama that’s unmistakably a connecting thread of Bereishit

Our intentions are critical in raising children because they mimic everything we parents do & think

A humble person who achieves a position of prominence will utilize the standing to benefit others.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass
Questions-Answers-logo

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/ask-the-rabbi/q-a-the-scepter-shall-not-depart-from-judah-part-iv/2013/06/06/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: