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Parshas Devarim


Weekly Luach - Shabbat Shalom

Vol. LXIV No. 28                                           5773
New York City
CANDLE LIGHTING TIME
July 12, 2013 – 5 Av 5773
8:07 p.m. NYC E.D.T.

Sabbath Ends: 9:16 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sabbath Ends: Rabbenu Tam 9:39 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Weekly Reading: Devarim
Weekly Haftara: Chazon Yeshayahu (Isaiah 1:1-27)
Daf Yomi: Pesachim 22
Mishna Yomit: Sanhedrin 5:5 – 6:1
Halacha Yomit: Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayyim   274:4 – 275:2
Rambam Yomi: Hilchos Isurei Mizbe’ach chap. 5-7
Earliest time for Tallis and Tefillin: 4:35 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sunrise: 5:35 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Latest Kerias Shema: 9:18 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sunset: 8:27 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Pirkei Avos: 3

Fast of Tisha BeAv, Tuesday, July 16, begins Monday evening no later than 8:25 p.m. (N.Y.C. E.D.T. – shekia) and ends Tuesday evening at 9:14 p.m. (earliest Rabbi Tukachinsky 9:00 p.m.; Rabbi Moshe Feinstein 9:05 p.m.).

This Shabbos is Shabbos Chazon. Some have a custom to sing Lechah Dodi at the Friday evening Kabbalas Shabbos service to the melody of Eli Tziyyon (one of the concluding Kinos of Tisha BeAv).

Shabbos morning, the Haftara Chazon Yeshayahu (Isaiah 1:1-27) – is read to the melody of Eicha (until Ve’shaveha). While we may drink the wine of the Havdala on Motza’ei Shabbos, it is more proper to give it to a child hayode’a levarech – who comprehends the reason for our blessings – to drink (Rema; Mishna Berura, Orach Chayyim 551:10).

This coming Monday, July 15, is Erev Tisha BeAv. We do not say Tachanun at Mincha (Mishna Berura, Orach Chayyim 131:7). The Seuda Mafsekes is eaten while sitting on the floor, without zimmun (a quorum of three). At night we daven Maariv with Kaddish Shalem (with Tiskabbel); we then read Eicha, plus several Kinos, Ve’Ata Kadosh, Kaddish Shalem without Tiskabbel, Aleinu and Mourner’s Kaddish.

Tuesday morning, Tisha BeAv day, we do not put on tallis or tefillin when we daven Shacharis. However, we do put on the tallis katan without a beracha. Others say that we do make a beracha (see Mishna Berura, Orach Chayyim 555:1). In Korbanos we omit Pitum Haketores; for Shacharis only the Ba’al Tefilla says Anenu in his repetition between Go’el Yisrael and Refa’enu, but does not recite Birkas Kohanim. We do not say Tachanun or Avinu Malkenu. We take out the Torah scroll from the ark and read in Parashas VaEs’chanan (Devarim 4:25-40), Ki Tolid Banim, and say half-Kaddish. We read the Haftara, Asof Asifeim (Jer. 8:13-9:23) to the melody of Eicha. We then begin saying the Kinos (a collection of lamentations). We say Ashrei, no La’menatze’ach, we say U’va LeTziyyon (but we omit Va’ani Zos Brisi … then Kaddish Shalem without the verse Tiskabbel and Aleinu. We do not say Shir Shel Yom at Shacharis. We remain seated on the ground until chatzos hayom (midday – we do take into account Daylight Savings Time).

At Mincha we don our tallis and tefillin with the appropriate blessings. We say Shir Shel Yom (others say Kerias Shema as well) followed by the Mourner’s Kaddish. We then say Ashrei followed by half-Kaddish, we take out the Torah scroll from the ark and read Vayechal (Shemos 32:11-14, 34:1-10), no half-Kaddish. We read the Haftara, Dirshu (Isaiah 55:6-56:80), we return the Torah scroll to the ark and say half-Kaddish. We recite the Shemoneh Esreh, adding Nachem in Boneh Yerushalayim and Anenu in Shome’a Tefilla. The Chazzan in his repetition, however, places Anenu between Go’el and Refa’einu. We do not say Avinu Malkenu or Tachanun. The Chazzan says Kaddish Tiskabbel, Aleinu and the Mourner’s Kaddish.

We conclude the fast with Maariv.

Kiddush Levana at first opportunity until Motza’ei Shabbos the 14th of Av (or as a last resort, Sunday evening, the 15th of Av).

The following chapters of Tehillim are being recited by many congregations and Yeshivos for our brothers and sisters in Eretz Yisrael: Chapters 83, 130, 142. – Y.K.

About the Author: Rabbi Yaakov Klass, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com.


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Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Question: The Gemara in Berachot states that the sages authored our prayers. Does that mean we didn’t pray beforehand?

Menachem
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