It is customary on Rosh Hashana to go near – or in sight of – a river, stream or pond and recite the Tashlich prayer. It is also customary to say additional prayers for parnassa and health, as found in the Machzor.
Thursday evening, second night of Rosh Hashana: Since we are not allowed to make any preparations from one day of Yom Tov to the other, we wait 45 minutes after Shekia (N.Y.C. E.D.T. time 8:06 p.m.), or 60 minutes (N.Y.C. E.D.T. time 8:21 p.m.), or 72 minutes (N.Y.C. E.D.T. time 8:33 p.m.) before we light candles, and then we start all preparations. When lighting candles – from an existing flame – we recite Lehadlik ner shel Yom Tov, and Shehecheyanu (Rav Henkin rules that it is advisable to prepare a new fruit to be eaten at the Seuda and that the woman of the house light candles as close to Kiddush as possible – thus eating the new fruit close to her lighting and reciting the Shehecheyanu).
Maariv: the text of the Shemoneh Esreh is as found in the Machzor. At the conclusion of the Shemoneh Esreh, Kaddish Tiskabbel (Nusach Sefarad say LeDavid Mizmor). Where such is the custom, Kiddush is recited by the chazzan, text as found in the Machzor, Aleinu, and LeDavid Hashem Ori and respective Kaddish recitals for mourners.
Kiddush at home is the same as in the synagogue and, as mentioned previously, we place a new fruit on the table for the blessing of Shehecheyanu (if one dons a new garment, it is just as well), which is recited regardless of the availability of these new items.
Friday morning – 2nd day of Yom Tov – see next week’s Luach.
The following chapters of Tehillim are being recited by many congregations and Yeshivos for our brothers and sisters in Eretz Yisrael: Chapters 83, 130, 142. – Y.K.