Photo Credit: Wiki

Israel recently celebrated its 72nd Independence Day, but what is Israel? Well, it depends whom you ask.

To a secular Zionist, Israel is the only place in the world where Jews can truly feel at home.


To a religious Zionist, Israel is the land of their ancestors, the land that they have the duty to cultivate.

Police officers in Israel with medical masks to protect against coronavirus, in March 2020 (credit: Israeli Police / Wikimedia Commons).

To a Palestinian living outside of Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza, Israel is Palestine stolen by outsiders, and it will one day be home again, even if it takes generations.

To a Palestinian living in Gaza, Israel is the implacable enemy as well as the daily source of everything that is needed to maintain life.

To a Palestinian living in the West Bank, Israel is the occupier but also the employer and an administration that is more just and humane than the Palestinians’ own administration.

To a Palestinian living as an Israeli citizen, Israel is home but not really home because so many fellow Palestinians, including friends and relatives, are either occupied by it or shut out of it.

To a Jewish visitor, Israel is their second home and the home of many friends and relatives, and quite possibly their future home.

To a Christian visitor, Israel is the way to get to the Holy Land, and it is a far more reliable administrator of that land than previous ones.

To a secular visitor, Israel is beautiful, fun, interesting, and very, very confusing.

To a Muslim country’s politician, Israel is the convenient target that is always sure to rile up the masses, even if the masses do not really understand why they get riled up.

To a Western country’s politician, Israel is an explosive topic that is best left untouched unless proving one’s allegiance to one side is of electoral benefit.

To a fashionable left-wing activist, Israel is the biggest oppressor of modern times.

To a fashionable right-wing activist, Israel is the only civilizing influence in the Middle East.

A rare event in February 2016: snow in Tel Aviv (credit: David Shay / Wikimedia Commons).

Israel is also just a country, in many ways like the others. It is a place where people work, sleep, play, cook, learn, teach, raise families, pay taxes, and worry about tomorrow. It is a place where there are visionary leaders and crooked politicians, community volunteers and drug dealers, high-tech workers and sex workers, and everything else that is found in other countries.

Israelis obviously know this, but to outsiders, it sometimes seems that Israel is not a country but a conflict. Not a country but a cause.

We sometimes need to remind ourselves that Israel is not a spot on a boardgame of social activism, but a real land with real people. And whichever side of the conflict we think we are on, it is better for both Israelis and Palestinians if we express our views, which we have every right to express, with less zeal and with more respect for the inhabitants of the land, the people for whom Israel is not a spot on a boardgame.

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Fred Maroun is a Canadian of Arab origin who lived in Lebanon until 1984, including during 10 years of civil war. Fred supports Israel's right to exist as a Jewish state, and he supports a liberal and democratic Middle East where all religions and nationalities, including Palestinians, can co-exist in peace with each other and with Israel, and where human rights are respected.