Photo Credit: Jewish Press

In this week’s parshah we read of the incident involving Dina and Shechem, the son of Chamor and nasi of the city of Shechem. Upon learning that Dina was abducted by Shechem, Shimon and Levi devised a plan to kill all the male residents of the city, including Shechem and Chamor. There are various opinions in the Rishonim that explain the rational of Shimon and Levi in killing all the inhabitants of the city. They explain why the entire city was in fact deserving of death.

However, at the end of the episode Yaakov Avinu chastises Shimon and Levi for their actions. He tells them that when the surrounding neighbors learn of what you did they could potentially avenge their deaths by attacking Yaakov’s entire family. In other words, you put all of our lives in danger by killing out the entire city. The Torah concludes with Shimon and Levi’s response: “should we allow them to make our sister into a harlot?”


How did Shimon and Levi answer their father’s concern. He just told them that they have put everyone’s life in danger. Their response doesn’t seem to answer the question.

I heard from my rebbe, Rav Shmuel Berenbaum, zt”l, that Yaakov Avinu rebuked Shimon and Levi because he felt that while the inhabitants of Shechem were deserving death, executing that sentence is not something one should risk his life for. There are certain mitzvos that one must perform even if he forfeits his life by its performance. These mitzvos are murder, avoda zara, and forbidden relationships. However, carrying out a death sentence on one who is deserving it does not fall under the category of mitzvos one is obligated to forfeit his life for.

Shimon and Levi answered that in this scenario it was worth forfeiting their lives. That is because they were not only intent on executing the death sentence of the residents of Shechem, they were teaching their children and all future generations a vital lesson. While the rest of the world may not have viewed what had happened to Dina as an atrocity, after all she was single, Shimon and Levi wanted to impart that for this to happen to a daughter of Yaakov is unacceptable. We must live on a higher plane and not tolerate such behavior.

Rav Shmuel explained that if we would understand that we are an elevated nation our task in this world would be so much easier. In Europe, there was a clear distinction between a Jew and a non-Jew. Today however, if one simply removes his yarmulke he can be mistaken for a non-Jew. Realizing that we are a chosen nation of priests is the key to persevering through this terribly long galus. This was the lesson that Shimon and Levi responded to their father that is worth dying for, because if we lose that identity we will ultimately lose our spiritual lives as well.

Recently the most popular story flooding the headlines is that of immoral behavior. When a person even hears of such behavior it can have a negative effect on him. Chazal tell us if someone witnesses a sota in her downfall he must take an oath to become a nazir. If he saw the sota in her downfall he saw what happens to people who behave immorally. Why then does he need to become a nazir? He should be the last guy to require reinforcements after witnessing a sota’s demise.

The answer is even though one witnessed the consequences of illicit behavior, the knowledge that it has taken place can negatively affect him. Therefore, he must take an oath to become a nazir. In regard to the current events where we may not witness the consequences of many of the offenders (especially if they are Democrats) how much more should we strengthen ourselves in an appropriate manner similar to taking an oath of becoming a nazir. Let us remember we are an exalted nation of priests, which demands a certain level of behavior on our part and of how we are to be treated as well.


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Rabbi Fuchs learned in Yeshivas Toras Moshe, where he became a close talmid of Rav Michel Shurkin, shlit”a. While he was there he received semicha from Rav Zalman Nechemia Goldberg, shlit”a. He then learned in Mirrer Yeshiva in Brooklyn, and became a close talmid of Rav Shmuel Berenbaum, zt”l. Rabbi Fuchs received semicha from the Mirrer Yeshiva as well. After Rav Shmuel’s petira Rabbi Fuchs learned in Bais Hatalmud Kollel for six years. He is currently a Shoel Umaishiv in Yeshivas Beis Meir in Lakewood, and a Torah editor and weekly columnist at The Jewish Press.