Vol. LXVII No.42 5777
New York City
CANDLE LIGHTING TIME
October 21, 2016 – 19 Tishrei 5777
5:48 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sabbath Ends: 6:46 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sabbath Ends: Rabbenu Tam 7:17 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Weekly Reading: Chol Hamo’ed Sukkos (see below)
Weekly Haftara: Chol Hamo’ed Sukkos (see below)
Daf Yomi: Bava Metzia 25
Mishna Yomit: Terumos 8:6-7
Halacha Yomit: Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayyim 55: 18-20
Rambam Yomi:Hilchos Melachim u’Milchamoseihem chap. 7-9
Earliest time for Tallis and Tefillin: 6:23 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sunrise: 7:14 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Latest Kerias Shema: 9:57 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sunset: 6:06 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Shacharis: Chol Hamo’ed: There are numerous customs regarding the donning of tefillin on Chol Hamoed. Generally, Nusach Sefarad and followers of the Vilna Gaon do not don tefillin – but others – Nusach Ashkenaz – do, some without a beracha, some with the utterance of an inaudible beracha; each should follow his family custom. Nevertheless, all (including the chazzan) remove their tefillin before Hallel.
Shemoneh Esreh: weekday text with Ya’aleh VeYavo.
Hallel: We take the lulav and esrog in hand (lulav, bound with 3 hadassim on the right side and 2 aravos on the left side), the lulav in the right hand and the esrog in the left hand, pitom facing downward. (Sefarad and certain other congregations follow now with Hoshanos, circling the Bimah once – Kel Lemoshaos.
We then remove one Sefer Torah from the Ark and call 4 aliyos. We read in Parashas Pinchas, Third day Chol Hamo’ed – (Bamidbar 29:23‑31) U’vayom Harevi’i – Kohen; U’vayom Hachamishi – Levi; U’vayom Hashishi– Yisrael; U’vayom Harevi’i – (2nd) Yisrael. –
Mussaf: Shemoneh Esreh of Yom Tov with mention of the Korbenos Hayom – the special additional sacrifices: 3rd day, U’vayom Harevi’I, U’vayom Hachamishi (U’minchasam).
Hoshanos: See Shacharis.
Mincha, Chol Hamo’ed: Weekday Shemoneh Esreh with Ya’aleh VeYavo.
Kabbalas Shabbos: Shortened version Ashkenaz or Sefard. Maariv Shabbos with appropriate mentions of Yom Tov and Ya’aleh ve’Yavo
Shabbos morning: Shacharis as usual but with inclusion of Ya’aleh VeYavo – Hallel, Hoshanos (no lulav), Kaddish Tiskabbel. We then read Koheles, followed by Kaddish Yasom. We remove two Sifrei Torah from the Ark: in the first we call 7 aliyos and read from Parashas Ki Tissa (Shemos 33:12-34:26). The Maftir reads from the second Sefer in Parashas Pinchas (Numbers 29:26-31). The Haftara is Ezekiel (38:18-39:16), Ve’haya Bayom Hahu. In Birchos HaHaftara we mention both Yom Tov and Shabbos.
Yekum Purkan, Ashrei, half Kaddish, Musaf of Shalosh Regalim with mention of Shabbos and Korbenos Hayom – U’vayom Hachamishi, U’vayom Hashishi, U’minchasam.
Mincha – Ashrei, U’va LeTziyyon, Kerias HaTorah, three aliyos in Vezos HaBeracha, Shemoneh Esreh of Shabbos with Ya’aleh VeYavo.
Maariv – with Ata Chonantanu and Yaaleh VeYavo, NO Viy’hi No’am, Ve’ata Kadosh, Havdala in the sukkah. We add the beracha Leishev Basukkah.
Sunday is Hoshana Rabba. We treat this day with some of the gravity of Yom Kippur. Some who are scrupulous immerse themselves in a mikveh. The chazzan dons a kittel. The Mishna Berura (ad loc.) explains that donning the kittel signifies that this day is the point when the seal is affixed in our judgment. Thus some are accustomed to greet one another until Hoshana Rabbah with Gemar Chasima Tova.
The Pesukei deZimra are those of Shabbos and Yom Tov, but we do not say Nishmas – we substitute in its proper place Mizmor LeToda. Yishtabach (some congregations then say Shir Hama’alos mima’amakim while the Ark is open) is followed by half Kaddish. The chazzan then says Barechu and the congregation responds.
Birchos Kerias Shema are the weekday text, followed by the silent weekday Shacharis Shemoneh Esreh with Ya’aleh VeYavo and mention of Sukkos. Following the chazzan’s repetition we take the lulav and esrog in hand for the last time on this festival and recite the blessing Al netilas lulav. We wave the lulav to all six sides, the four cardinal points and up and down, in the order of one’s custom. We hold the Four Species in our hand as we recite the whole Hallel. At Hodu and Ana Hashem we again wave the lulav in the customary manner.
Some congregations – Nusach Sefarad and some Nusach Ashkenaz – are accustomed to recite the Hoshanos after Hallel while others (most Ashkenaz) recite them following Mussaf. For Hoshanos we remove all the Torah scrolls from the Ark. With the Four Species in our hand, we continue to recite the Hoshanos – but on this day we go around the Bimah not once as we do on each day of Sukkos but seven times – saying all the Hoshanos as found in our machzorim.
When we reach the verses Ta’aneh emunim, we set aside the Four Species and take the willow branches – the chabata, which is a bunch of 5 willows bound together). At the conclusion of the Hoshanos we bang the chabata on the ground. The chazzan then recites Kaddish Tiskabbel. Then the congregation says the Shir shel Yom and LeDavid Hashem Ori and their respective mourners Kaddish recitals.
We remove one Sefer Torah from the Ark – we add the Thirteen Middos, Ribbono shel Olam. We call 4 aliyos (Kohen, Levi, Yisrael, Yisrael) we read in Parashas Pinchas (Numbers 29:26‑34). The 4th aliyah repeats verses 29:29-34.
We return the Sefer Torah to the Ark, the chazzan recites half Kaddish and we say the silent Shalosh Regalim Shemoneh Esreh of Mussaf. Following the chazzan’s repetition he recites Kaddish Tiskabbel. Some congregations say Hoshanos now (most Ashkenaz – see above for procedure).
We conclude the service with Ein K’Elokeinu, Aleinu, Shil shel Yom, LeDavid Hashem Ori and their respective mourners Kaddish recitals.
Mincha: usual erev Yom Tov tefilla – weekday Shemoneh Esreh with mention of Sukkos. Following the chazzan’s repetition, Kaddish Tiskabbel, Aleinu (Nusach Sefarad say LeDavid Hashem Ori) followed by mourners Kaddish.
Due to Yizkor, which we recite on Shemini Atzeres, we light yahrtzeit candles for the departed souls before we light the Yom Tov candles – which are to be lit eighteen minutes before shekiah – at 5:45 p.m. (N.Y.C. E.D.T.).