web analytics
October 1, 2014 / 7 Tishri, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Meir Panim with Soldiers 5774 Roundup: Year of Relief and Service for Israel’s Needy

Meir Panim implements programs that serve Israel’s neediest populations with respect and dignity. Meir Panim also coordinated care packages for families in the South during the Gaza War.



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Detached Or Unrelated
‘He Made An Asheirah Tree Into a Ladder…’
(Eruvin 78b)

The Gemara asks whether branches of a tree growing along a wall can serve as a natural ladder to create a pesach – a portal – enabling two separate courtyards that abut the wall to join in an eruv. If they can, the Gemara asks further whether they still can if these branches belong to an asheirah tree (which were worshipped by idolaters).

The Invisible Lion

R. Chisda maintains that an asheirah tree can serve as a pesach even though the Torah (Devarim 7:5, 12:3) forbids deriving benefit from it (which means that it is biblically prohibited to use it as a ladder to scale a wall). R. Chisda likens this asheirah pesach to a lion crouched near a doorway preventing passage through the door. He reasons that even though it is forbidden to use the asheirah pesach, it is a pesach nonetheless, just like a doorway with a lion standing in it is considered a pesach despite the danger (impossibility?) of using the doorway.

R. Chisda limits his reasoning to prohibitions (like benefiting from an asheirah tree) that are unrelated to Shabbos. However, if a Shabbos-related issur prevents passage through the doorway or over the wall, then the courtyards cannot join in an eruv. Therefore, R. Chisda says that an ordinary tree cannot serve as a pesach because climbing trees is a Shabbos-related issur. One may not climb trees (Eruvin 100a) lest one forget and break off a branch and violate the melachah of plowing or reaping (Shabbos 107b, 108a based on Shemos 34:21).

Two Issurim

The Ritva (ad loc.) points out that climbing an asheirah tree on Shabbos involves two issurim: a) the issur of benefiting from avodah zarah and b) the rabbinic ban against climbing trees on Shabbos. Hence, the Ritva asks why R. Chisda ignores the Shabbos-related issur of climbing trees when validating a pesach created by an asheirah tree.

Where Detached

The Ritva answers that the Gemara is referring to an asheirah tree that is detached from the ground, and the issur of climbing trees does not apply to a detached tree (because if one were to break off a branch from a detached tree one would not violate the melachah of kotzer).

It Transcends Shabbos

Alternatively, Rabbi Akiva Eger argues that the rabbinic issur to climb trees on Shabbos does not apply to an asheirah tree (even when it is attached to the ground). He explains that we are not concerned that someone will accidentally break off a branch from such a tree on Shabbos since he knows that the Torah forbids him from deriving benefit from asheirah trees (even during the week) due to the issur of avodah zarah. Therefore, the only issur involved in climbing an asheirah tree on Shabbos is benefiting from avodah zarah, which is not a Shabbos-related issur.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Jews Against Genocide mimicked and blasphemed the ALS Ice Bucket  Challenge with their anti-Israel "Blood Bucket Challenge."
‘Jews Against Genocide’ Take ‘Blood Bucket Challenge’ at Yad Vashem [video]
Latest Judaism Stories

On Sunday, Jews will be refraining from food and drink from dawn until sunset to commemorate the Fast of Gedaliah. Following Nebuchadnetzar’s destruction of the First Temple and exile of most of the Jews, the Babylonians appointed Gedaliah ben Achikaam as governor of Judea. Under Gedaliah’s leadership, Judea and the survivors began to recover. On […]

On the beach

As we enter the Days of Awe, we must recognize that it is a joy to honor and serve true royalty.

Rabbi Avi Weiss

On Rosh Hashanah we are taught that true self-analysis involves the breaking down of walls

PTI-092614-Shofar

When we hear the words “Rosh Hashana is coming” it really means Hashem Himself is coming!

Who am I? What are the most important things in my life? What do I want to be remembered for? If, as a purely hypothetical exercise, I were to imagine reading my own obituary, what would I want it to say? These are the questions Rosh Hashanah urges us to ask ourselves. As we pray […]

We recently marked the thirteenth anniversary of 9/11 – that terrible day when the symbols of man’s power and achievement crumbled before our eyes and disappeared in fire and smoke. For a very brief moment we lost our smugness. Our confidence was shaken. Many of us actually searched our ways. Some of us even learned […]

Why am I getting so agitated? And look how we’re treating each other!

While women are exempt from actually learning Torah, they are obligated in a different aspect of the mitzvah.

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

We must eat, sleep, work, and care for our dependants. How much time is left over after all that?

Once we recognize that our separation from God is our fault, how do we repair it?

Chatzitzah And Its Applications
‘Greater Stringency Applies To Hallowed Things…’
(Chagiga 20b-21a)

To choose life, you must examine your actions in the period preceding the Days of Awe as an unbiased stranger, and render your decision.

Rabbi Dayan took a challah and some cooked eggs. He then called over his 15-year-old son, Aharon. “Could you please ask your friend Chaim from next door to come over and help me with the eruv tavshilin?”

This world has its purpose; it has been ideally fashioned to allow man to grow.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Chatzitzah And Its Applications
‘Greater Stringency Applies To Hallowed Things…’
(Chagiga 20b-21a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

A Role Reversal
‘Return, O Wayward Sons…’
(Chagigah 15a)

An Astonishing Miracle
‘Why Bring the Infants to Hakhel?’
(Chagigah 3a)

A Blast At A Funeral?
“R. Hamnuna Came To Daramutha…”
(Moed Kattan 27b)

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Discretion
‘Vendors Of Fruits And Clothing…May Sell In Private’
(Mo’ed Katan 13b)

An Outcast
‘He Shall Dwell Outside His Tent’
(Moed Katan 7b)

Pondering A Kapandria
“It Should Not Be Used As A Shortcut”
(Megillah 29a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-78/2013/05/22/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: