Photo Credit: Yishai Fleisher
Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron

“All the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David sealed a covenant with them in Hebron before Hashem (G-d), and they anointed David as King over Israel (2 Samuel 5:3)”

Unbeknownst to most, Hebron was the capital of Israel prior to Jerusalem becoming the eternal capital. During the first 7 years of his reign, King David ruled from Hebron. In his 7th year, King David planned a military operation that would change world history forever: the conquest of Jerusalem. He and his men headed north on today’s highway 60 and captured the holy city, making it Israel’s capital forever.

The exact route King David took to conquer Jerusalem. 3000 years later, this route (now paved) is still the main Hebron-Jerusalem route.

After the conquest of Jerusalem, Hebron is mentioned much less frequently in the Bible, although we know from Archeology that it continued to be an important administrative center.  It was also one of the 6 cities of refugee (click here to read more about the Biblical Cities of Refugee).

When the righteous King Hezekiah and his kingdom of Judah was threatened with annihilation by the Assyrians (see events from 2 Kings: 17-18) he mobilized all of his resources, including collecting the materials needed to build fortification walls.

The wall Hezekiah built in Jerusalem with the help of his subjects in Hebron. For more on this wall, click here

Based on archeological finds, it appears that King Hezekiah designated 4 cities as regional capitals, to collect materials in preparation for war with Assyria from the surrounding areas. One of these cities was Hebron.

Clay impression found on Jars in Hebron which state “For the King” which were used to collect materials needed for the upcoming war effort with Assyria.

Ultimately one of the greatest miracles in world history happened, and Assyria was defeated for the first time ever (if you want to explore where these events took place, click here to see my Jerusalem tour video).

In 422 BCE (some historians say 586 BCE) the Kingdom of Judah, including the city of Hebron, was conquered by the Babylonians who exiled its inhabitants to modern day Iraq.

The Babylonian Empire at its Zenith included Israel.

The void in Hebron was filled with Edomites, Biblical enemies of Israel, who moved into the abandoned Jewish homes.

Residents of Edom (from the territory in Yellow) moved into the abandoned homes of the Kingdom of Judah, including Hebron, after it’s inhabitants were exiled.

To contempary observers from that time, it seemed like the Jewish people and their connection to Israel would cease to exist. This is because never in history had a small people been expelled from their land, yet returned to reestablish their Kingdom, all the while keeping the same religion and customs of their forefathers. But G-d had other plans!

To be continued…

Did you know that you can now actually tour Hebron from the comfort of your own home as if you were actually there?  Check out my new, Hebron tour video, where we will explore this incredible city’s many historic alley ways and Biblical sites on a guided tour.  Check out the free sneak preview tour video from a Biblical worldview perspective: Trailer

Relive Hebron with Nosson Shulman on your very own private luxury Israel tour. To experience Israel from the comfort of your own home see our new Virtual Tours including our new released Hebron Tour.

Please visit the author’s Israel tour guiding site:

(All images used are either free usage or properly licensed by the author)


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