Photo Credit: Cambridge University

Title: A Guide to Biblical Hebrew Syntax
Authors: Bill Arnold and John Choi
Publisher: Cambridge University



If one can’t understand syntax of a text, then they can’t get to the meaning of the text. When that text is the Chumash, small syntactic differences can change the meaning of the text significantly. In A Guide to Biblical Hebrew Syntax (2nd edition), authors Bill Arnold and the late John Choi have written a remarkable work that details the depth and complexity of Biblical Hebrew, and adds to the readers understanding of the text.

The book is an advanced reference and it assumes the readers has a fundamental understanding of Biblical Hebrew phonology (sounds in languages) and morphology (study of word, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language).

Achieving a deep-level reading of the Chumash requires an understanding of the syntactical relationships. The book helps the reader grasp the building blocks of biblical Hebrew, which are the syntactical specifics that constitute meaning.

The book is divided into 4 areas, each detailing: nouns, verbs, particles, & clauses and sentences. The chapter on particles is particularly interesting, as the authors details the different types of prepositions, adverbs, conjunctions, relative particles and more; and details almost 50 examples.

The authors are not Talmudists, and their interpretations are therefore strictly linguistical and interpretive, but lack the level of interpretation only a person versed in the Talmud can bring. For example, in their discussion of the Hebrew restrictive adverb ach, they don’t have the Talmud’s interpretation when dealing with Passover eve, that the word comes to divide.

The book is more of a reference, and is not exactly a page-turner. But for those looking to understand the depth, and appreciate the complexity of Biblical Hebrew, A Guide to Biblical Hebrew Syntax is a fascinating read.


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