Latest update: January 10th, 2013
The explicit application of codified restrictions of the laws of war to non-international armed conflicts dates back only as far as the four Geneva Conventions of 1949. Recalling, however, that more than treaties and conventions comprise the laws of war, it is clear that the obligations of jus in bello (justice in war) comprise part of “the general principles of law recognized by civilized nations” and bind all categories of belligerents. Indeed, the Hague Convention IV of 1907 declares in broad terms that in the absence of a precisely published set of guidelines in humanitarian international law concerning “unforeseen cases,” the pre-conventional sources of international law govern all belligerency.
LOUIS RENÉ BERES was educated at Princeton (Ph.D., 1971) and is the author of many books and articles dealing with international relations and international law. In the United States he has worked for over thirty-five years on international law and nuclear strategy matters, both as a scholar and as a lecturer/consultant to various agencies of the United States Government. In Israel he has lectured widely at various academic centers for strategic studies, at the Dayan Forum and at the National Defense College (IDF). He was Chair of Project Daniel, and is the Strategic and Military Affairs columnist for THE JEWISH PRESS.
About the Author: Louis René Beres (Ph.D., Princeton, 1971) is professor of political science and international law at Purdue University and the author of many books and articles dealing with international relations and strategic studies.
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