web analytics
July 6, 2015 / 19 Tammuz, 5775
At a Glance
Sections
Sponsored Post


Remembering The Kielce Pogrom

      July 4th is an important date in history. In the United States it is a day to celebrate independence from England. In Israel it is a day on which most people remember the heroic rescue of the hijacked airline passengers at Entebbe Airport in 1976. But for many Jews, especially those who were in Poland just after the Shoah, it is a day of remembrance to recall the day in which 42 Jews, after surviving the ghettos, camps, fighting with the partisans or being exiled to Russia, were murdered by Poles.

 

      The pogrom took place in Kielce, where 25,000 Jews lived before the war, along with 50,000 non-Jews. Most of the town’s Jews were killed by the Germans, and only about 200 returned to Kielce. For the most part, they did not go back to the homes they were forced out of – these had been taken over by non-Jews. They lived together in a house at 7 Planty Street, along a stream that runs through the center of town.

 

     


The building at 7 Pantry in Kielce where the massacre took place in 1946.

 

     After the ward there was a debate about what to do. Many wanted to emigrate to Israel or the U.S., while others argued for staying in Poland. But after the fourth of July there were no more debates. 

     

     Early on  the morning of that fateful day, a rumor spread that the Jews were killing Polish children and using their blood to bake matzah (the old blood libel). The rumor galvanized the Poles, who were worked up into a frenzy of killing. They killed 42 people, throwing their bodies into the nearby stream, and wounded about 100 others. Reports from eyewitnesses say that the whole town participated in the pogrom. They came from the fields and the factories and nobody intervened – neither the police nor the church. Nobody bothered to tell the attackers that, to begin with, Jews don’t use human body parts for any ritual, or that the Jewish holiday of Pesach, when matzah would be used, had taken place two months earlier. ( It has been supposed that the idea of Jews using blood ritually stems from the Catholic ritual of the Mass, where the blood of their deity is said to be represented by wine and his body by a matzah-like wafer.)

 


The funeral procession for the 42 men women and children killed in the massacre. 

 

      Yitzhak Zuckerman, one of the commanders of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, arrived on the afternoon of the pogrom and later recalled, “The streets of Kielce ran red with Jewish blood.”

 

      Though the massacre of innocent Jews in Kielce was not unique in Poland after the Shoah, it had the greatest impact on those Jews remaining in Poland, resulting in their leaving the country that had been their home for hundreds of years.

 

      The massacre was the impetus for mass emigration, and the Jewish population that had numbered over 3 million before the war and maybe 300,000 after the war, dwindled to numbers from which it would never recover. Poland went from being the European country with the largest number of Jews to the country with one of the smallest Jewish populations.

About the Author:


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Remembering The Kielce Pogrom”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
A minaret seen towering over the Mediterranean sea, near Tel Aviv-Yafo / Jaffa. (file)
EU Receives Warning ISIS Infiltrating Among Migrants
Latest Sections Stories
South-Florida-logo

Orlando was once a place where people came only to visit and vacation. Now it is home to a burgeoning Torah community, a place Jewish families can be proud to call home.

Neuman-Rabbi-M-Gary

You’re not seeking perfection. You’re seeking a life that an average person can manage and feel good about. Don’t feel pressure to change everything at once.

South-Florida-logo

The smuggler’s life has been changed forever. He is faced with a major criminal charge. He will probably be sent to prison.

book-Culture-Shock

In Culture Shock, readers will also come to identify with a culture from the other end of Orthodox Jewry’s spectrum.

Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Executive Function Disorder (EFD) have trouble keeping themselves organized and on-task.

Our Sages have told us exactly how we should act – and how our children should act – in Pirkei Avos, Ethics of the Fathers.

A second supposed difficulty actually becomes a reason to corroborate that Amestris is Esther.

I work with the Bible in one hand and the tools of excavation in the other.

“Thanks to a local philanthropist who shares our core mission, we now are able to connect more Jewish teens to Israel than ever before,” said Todd Cohn, executive director of Southern NCSY.

In September 2013 he was appointed head rabbi of the IDF Central Command and is currently in charge of special projects for the IDF chief rabbinate.

How efficient to kill two birds with one stone – or booking. Actually three birds, since I invited a man I had commiserated with while waiting my turn to join me.

My children encouraged me to date and even set me up with a very special man.

Last month we outlined how a few years after Judah Touro’s death a public movement was inaugurated by the citizens of New Orleans to erect a monument to his memory, and that opposition to this tribute came from a number of rabbis throughout the country who claimed that Judaism forbade the erection of any graven […]

Marceau suggested a dark reason for his wordless art: “The people who came back from the [concentration] camps were never able to talk about it…. My name is Mangel. I am Jewish. Perhaps that, unconsciously, contributed towards my choice of silence.”

More Articles from Shmuel Ben Eliezer
Mr. and Mrs. Ronald Lauder receiving a special album from Rabbi Maciej Pawlak, director of the Lauder-Morasha school in Warsaw.

In 1989 he hosted a dinner for 157 young Jews with the late Rabbi Chaskel Besser and the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation in Poland was born.

Part of the reconstructed Gwozdziec Synagogue.

The Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews is designed to tell the whole thousand-year story of the Jews in Poland.

I REMEMBER WHEN I first started working at the Jewish Press 18 years ago, Arnie who was in charge of the newsroom, took me under his wing…

The official beginning of World War II was September 1, 1939. On that day German soldiers invaded Gdansk after bombarding the city with a military warship. As part of the Polish Government’s official series of events marking seven decades since the start of World War II, Poland’s Jewish community and the Jerusalem-based “Shavei Israel” organization held a special ceremony yesterday in the Gdansk synagogue to commemorate the outbreak of the war, which paved the way for the Holocaust.

The official beginning of World War II was September 1, 1939. On that day German soldiers invaded Gdansk after bombarding the city with a military warship. As part of the Polish Government’s official series of events marking seven decades since the start of World War II, Poland’s Jewish community and the Jerusalem-based “Shavei Israel” organization held a special ceremony yesterday in the Gdansk synagogue to commemorate the outbreak of the war, which paved the way for the Holocaust.

September 1, 1939 is the date on which Germany invaded Poland, starting WWII. While it should be said that the start of the war was not the start of the Shoah, which actually began with the rise of Nazism in 1933, it was a major milestone in the annals of the Holocaust. Within the first few days of the war, Germany had conquered and/or bombed much of Poland, including the capital, Warsaw.

September 1, 1939 is the date on which Germany invaded Poland, starting WWII. While it should be said that the start of the war was not the start of the Shoah, which actually began with the rise of Nazism in 1933, it was a major milestone in the annals of the Holocaust. Within the first few days of the war, Germany had conquered and/or bombed much of Poland, including the capital, Warsaw.

In September 1939 the Germans started establishing ghettos in the occupied territory of Poland. Ghettos played an important role in the Jewish extermination policy. They were filled with Polish and Western European Jewish deportees. The ghettos differed in times of existence, size, internal organization, and living conditions. The Germans called them ” death boxes” (Todeskiste). The city of Lodz belonged to the Wartheland District and the Germans changed its name into Litzmannstadt.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/indepth/columns/remembering-the-kielce-pogrom/2006/06/28/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: