Photo Credit: Flash90

Jerusalem Day, Iyar 28, is also a date observed by Ethiopian Israelis in memory of some 4,000 of their brethren who perished on the way to Israel, in Sudanese refugee camps, before Operation Moses (1984), and Operation Solomon (1991).

The official government memorial on Mount Hertzl was established in 2007. Thousands participated in a special prayer service on Wednesday.