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December 23, 2014 / 1 Tevet, 5775
 
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A New Party With An Old Platform For An Old-New Land


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Chaim Amsalem, a current member of Knesset and former member of Shas, is in the midst of establishing yet another Israeli political party, called Am Shalem. Though the Israeli polity already maintains a dizzying array of political factions, whose platforms traverse the many social and political cleavages of the nation, Rabbi Amsalem and his followers have built a unique movement around one of the most basic and most grossly overlooked aspects of Israeli society: national unity, civic equality and a moderate religious elite.

A well-established figure in Shas, and the only one of its members to hold rabbinic ordination from the Rabbanut HaReishit, Rabbi Amsalem was expelled from Shas earlier this year, after breaking ranks with the political aides of the party’s indomitable premier, Rabbi Ovadia Yosef. Rabbi Amsalem’s rupture with Shas followed in the wake of several years of reciprocal discontent, as both Amsalem and Shas’s elite came to the mutual understanding that the party was not representative of the man, while the man was no longer representative of the party. Rabbi Dov Lipman – a leading member in Am Shalem who, should the party gain enough seats to be admitted to the Parliament, would be the first American Member of Knesset to have made aliyah as an adult – explained that the Algerian-born Amsalem initially believed that Shas represented the “crown of Israel’s Sephardic political establishment,” but he eventually grew increasingly discontented with the Party’s emergence as merely “another arm of the other Lithuanian haredi parties who are pushing the haredi community further to the extreme.”

Following his dismissal from Shas for his views against the community’s high levels of unemployment and his vocal opposition to the party’s hard stance against the halachic conversions of unquestionably loyal Jews with patrilineal lineages, Amsalem sought out a party whose platform looked to establish national unity and domestic development. Over the past number of years, Amsalem has written extensively in favor of these types of conversions citing the halachic principles of Zera Yisrael as support for his views. (Zera Yisrael mandates that Jews with ambiguous heritage, many of whom have served in the IDF, should still be included in the broader Jewish community if they seek proper conversion and demonstrate fidelity to the religion and the people.) Yet, while Israel’s roughly seven-and-a-half million people are served by a dozen distinct political parties that hold seats in the Parliament, Amsalem could not find a single party which called for the broad reforms that he deemed critical to Israel’s continued social development. Though other political factions have tried and overwhelmingly failed to curb extremism within the haredi community, Amsalem believes that his years of leadership in the religious community will enable him to succeed where others had not.

MK Rabbi Haim Amsalem (right) receiving the Quality Leadership Award for 2011, with Rabbi Dov Lipman.

Rabbi Dov Lipman explained that many within Israel’s political elite focus their attention towards foreign issues such as national security and the peace process. In the meantime, the nation’s social foundation has decayed from within, with religious and secular Jews being more ideologically divided than ever. According to Amsalem, at the forefront of national discord is the increased radicalization of the haredi establishment that has overwhelmingly shirked its civic responsibilities since the founding of the State. Entire haredi communities dedicate themselves exclusively to religious study, remain unemployed and rely solely on government welfare for subsistence. Furthermore, most within these communities abstain from compulsory national service, a staple of Israel’s social fabric.

Over the years, Rabbi Amsalem has grown increasingly discontented with this long standing status-quo and has resolved that his political future be dedicated to rectifying these dangerous social inequities. Therefore, in its dedication to national unity, the Am Shalem Party will assume a very unique identity within the Israeli polity as a party that will join in coalition with any party that achieves premiership. Am Shalem does not represent a special interest constituency, and unlike other parties it will not look to push forward the agendas of any individual political position, Amsalem has said. Instead, Am Shalem and its leaders will join with any party in government to advocate for legislation that will strengthen national unity and secure Israel’s social foundation for its posterity.

Though Amsalem initiated the development of the party while still occupying the upper echelon of Israel’s political hierarchy, at its foundation Am Shalem is a social movement. It is this identity that Am Shalem’s founding fathers cleave to, as both a practical and ideological impetus for the party’s continued development. Rather than campaigning in the traditional sense, Amsalem and Lipman have publicized their platform on the streets of Beit Shemesh, where national and religious disunity and the lack of a greater collective Israeli identity has littered the headlines of newspapers worldwide. Amsalem maintains that his calls for increasing the employment rates within the haredi population, enforcing compulsory national service, passing legislation that would encourage the establishment of haredi schools that would teach secular studies, and calling for the modernization of the rabbinic gentry are views that are espoused both throughout Israeli society and by most within the haredi community.

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6 Responses to “A New Party With An Old Platform For An Old-New Land”

  1. While others bemoan the present and mock those who try to effect change, Rabbis Amsalem and Lipman are standing up and aren’t cowered by the challenge or the many naysayers. Hats off to these idealistic visionaries; we need more people like them in the Knesset.

  2. With all due respect, one item is factually incorrect here: Rabbi Lipman, if elected, would *not* be the first American-born MK to have made aliyah as an adult. That distinction belonged to the Jewish Press’ own irrepressible columnist – Rabbi Meir Kahane, obm.

  3. B Gold says:

    Much of this looks good. But the IDF part – no.
    Not at present.
    IDF is compromised as an enemy of observant jews.
    witness the nighttime settlement evacuations, the kol isha issues etc.

    All done on purpose.

    Change the IDF leadership – yes. Join now? No.

  4. Eileen Weinberg says:

    It’s about time! I’m looking forward to hearing wonderful things from this newly established political party! Kol Hakavod

  5. LM says:

    Am Shalem makes a lot of sense. Somehow Israel must keep from tearing itself apart, and I hope they succeed.

    To the editor: In the first few paragraphs, I found the following misspellings: aid for aide, premiere for premier, and patrimonial for something (probably patrilineal). The People of the Book deserve more fluent use of the language.

  6. yuta says:

    Kudos to Rav Amsalem and the Am Shalem movement for taking such a brave stand while remaining true to halacha.

    Rav Moshe Feinstein, ZT”L used to say that every machmir can be a posek. That seems to be the trend in the frum world of today and to see scholarly, sincere B’nai Torah take on the religious, political, cultural and social problems while being guided by the wisdom of our sages is truly refreshing.

    Rav Amsalem and others in his movement like Rabbi Dov Lipman are providing solutions to the various crises fomented by individuals who have chosen to heap chumrot upon chumrot and then demand that others adhere to their extremist demands. They and the Am Shalem movement deserve to be supported politically and financially by all rational Jews who long for sanity to be restored.

    Rav Amsalem along with Rabbi Dov Lipman and others who are active in Am Shalem bring hope for the future of Yiddishkeit.

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