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With mounting evidence that Hizbullah-fired rockets can cause Israel considerable damage, one point should stand out glaringly above all others: Under no circumstances should Iran be allowed to reach the stage at which it could launch nuclear weapons. In the presumed absence of effective constraints by the so-called international community, Israel now has not only the right – but also a distinct obligation – to act preemptively in its own essential defense.

My readers will recognize that I have been hammering this particular strategic and legal argument on these pages for some time. After all, the core concern of Project Daniel was precisely the Iranian nuclear menace. Now, however, we have compelling proof positive of this concern’s correctness. If Israel can be made to suffer horribly from relatively small rockets, how could it be expected to endure even a singly volley of Iranian missiles tipped with atomic warheads? An Iranian nuclear attack against Israel, animated by deep and irremediable religious hatreds, could destroy more Jews in a cursed instant than were murdered in a thousand years of pogroms.


No rules of civilized human behavior can be counted upon to thwart the unquenchable Iranian impulse to genocide against Israel. Less than half the size of a large county in California, the Jewish State faces a primal medieval enemy that does not even pretend to observe international law. Unless Israel and/or the United States act promptly in self-defense, both countries could soon be held hostage to Iranian nuclear blackmail.

Let us be candid. The U.S. won’t do it. As for Israel, it would surely be taking enormous political and military risks by striking first. Yet, the costs to Israel of not striking first in self-defense, are apt to be far greater. Without a doubt, these unimaginable costs could include complete annihilation.

International law is not a suicide pact. No country can be required to cooperate in its own extermination. Leaving Iran to the predictably “tough sanctions” of the United Nations could quickly transport Israel to the very margins of national survival.

Not all states are the same. Israel is not Iran. Israel does not declare itself at war with Iran or even with any Arab state. Israel holds nuclear weapons quietly, unthreateningly, without bravado – and only to prevent its catastrophic destruction by enemy aggression. It is altogether inconceivable that Israel would ever resort to such weapons as an initial move of war. A nuclear Iran, however, could at some point consider atomic first-strike attacks upon Israel with plainly genocidal intent. After all, they say so openly – every day.

What does Israel have to fear? Twenty-five years ago I published the first of seven books that described the expected consequences of a nuclear war. These nightmarish effects were drawn largely from a major report by the National Academy of Sciences in 1975. They included large temperature changes; contamination of food and water; disease epidemics in crops, domesticated animals and humans due to radiation; shortening of growing seasons; irreversible injuries to aquatic species; widespread and long-term cancers due to inhalation of plutonium particles; radiation-induced abnormalities in persons in utero, at the time of detonations; and a vast growth in the number of skin cancers and increasing genetic diseases.

Overwhelming health problems would afflict the survivors of any nuclear attack upon Israel. These problems would extend beyond the consequences of prompt burn injuries. Retinal burns would occur in the eyes of persons far from the explosions. Israelis would be crushed by collapsing buildings and torn to shreds by flying glass. Others would fall victim to raging firestorms. Fallout injuries would include whole-body radiation injury, produced by penetrating, hard gamma radiations; superficial radiation burns produced by soft radiations; and injuries produced by deposits of radioactive substances within the body.

After an Iranian nuclear attack, even a “small” one, those few medical facilities that might still exist in Israel would be taxed well beyond capacity. Water supplies would become altogether unusable. Housing and shelter could be unavailable for hundreds of thousands, perhaps even millions of survivors. Transportation would break down to rudimentary levels. Food shortages would be critical and long-term.

Israel’s complex network of exchange systems would be shattered. Virtually everyone would be deprived of the most basic means of livelihood. Emergency police and fire services would be decimated. All systems dependent upon electrical power could stop functioning. Severe trauma would occasion widespread disorientation and psychiatric disorders for which there would be absolutely no therapeutic services.

Normal human society would cease. The pestilence of unrestrained murder and banditry would augment plague and epidemics. Many of the survivors would expect an increase in serious degenerative diseases. They would also expect premature death, impaired vision and sterility. An increased incidence of leukemia and cancers of the lung, stomach, breast, ovary and uterine cervix would be unavoidable.

Many balanced relationships in nature, would be upset by the extensive fallout. Israelis who survive the nuclear attack would have to deal with enlarged insect populations. Like the locusts of biblical times, mushrooming insect hordes would spread from the radiation-damaged areas in which they arose.

Insects are generally more resistant to radiation than humans. This fact, coupled with the prevalence of unburied corpses, uncontrolled waste and untreated sewage, would generate trillions of flies and mosquitoes. Breeding in the dead bodies, these insects would make it impossible to control typhus, malaria, dengue fever and encephalitis.

Throughout Israel, tens or even hundreds of thousands of rotting human corpses would pose the largest health threat. The survivors would envy the dead.

This is only the tip of the iceberg; indeed, it is a vast understatement of what could be expected. Interactions between individual effects of nuclear weapons would make matters far worse. It follows that Israel must never allow a still openly genocidal Iran to acquire nuclear weapons. Although any Israeli defensive strike would encounter staggering operational difficulties, this is one of those times in which the expected costs of doing nothing would be much, much greater.

Project Daniel, my readers will recall, authoritatively advised that Iran be prevented from going nuclear whatever the cost. Israel, we indicated to Prime Minister Sharon, can never coexist with a nuclear Iran. Never. If there is any overriding lesson to be learned from Israel’s current operations in Lebanon, it is the absolute moral, legal and historical correctness of anticipatory self-defense by Jews in the face of a planned Iranian genocide.

Copyright The Jewish Press, 2006. All rights reserved.

LOUIS RENE BERES was educated at Princeton (Ph.D., 1971) and is Professor of International Law at Purdue. He is author of several of the earliest major books on nuclear strategy and nuclear war, including Apocalypse: Nuclear Catastrophe In World Politics (The University of Chicago Press, 1980). Professor Beres, the Strategic and Military Affairs columnist for The Jewish Press, is also Chair of Project Daniel.


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Louis René Beres (Ph.D., Princeton, 1971) is Emeritus Professor of International Law at Purdue and the author of twelve books and several hundred articles on nuclear strategy and nuclear war. He was Chair of Project Daniel, which submitted its special report on Israel’s Strategic Future to former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, on January 16, 2003.