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September 2, 2014 / 7 Elul, 5774
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Rymanow

          In a recent column on the cemetery of Krakow one of the pictures was mislabeled as the grave of Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Riminov (Rymanow). While I did visit the town of Rymanow, the grave pictured was actually that of Rabbi Natan Nata Shapira, author of the Megaleh Amukot.

 

 



The entrance of the synagogue in Rymanow.  As in all towns with remnants of Jewish life a caretaker, usually a non-Jew, has the keys to the cemetery and synagogue. Often these people act as guards, caretakers, and overseers of any work being done.

 

 

         Rymanow is located in the remote southeastern corner of Poland and its Jewish community dates back to the 16th century. It is mentioned in the records of the Va’ad Arba Artzot (Council of Four Lands) in the year 1594. There, Rabbi Meir ben Gedaliah of Lublin, issued a warning against the sale and overuse of wine and spirits imported from Hungary.

 

 


The grave of Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh, zt”l, attendant and successor to Rabbi Menachem Mendel (1778-1847).

 

 

         The beit knesset dates to around the 16th century and is in the process of being renovated. The cemetery, on a hilltop just outside the town, is home to the ohalim of the Rebbes of Rymanow, the most famous of whom was Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Riminov (d. 1815), a student of the Chassidic Master Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk (Lejask).

 

 


The interior of the Synagogue of Rymanow.

 

 

        Every year on Rabbi Menachem Mendel’s yahrzeit, 19 Iyar, (34 days in the Omer), a gathering is held by Riminov Chassidim from all over the world.

 

 


The grave of Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Riminov, zt”l (d. 1815).

 

 

         The next gathering will take place on Shabbat, May 24 (19 Iyar).  Rabbi Avraham Reich, a direct descendent of Rav Menachem Mendel, said that the pilgrimage will start off in Krakow to commemorate the yahrzeit of the Remah on Lag B’Omer  (33 days in the Omer) and then travel to Rymanow for Shabbat. He expects this year’s gathering to be the largest, since Prewar Poland, when thousands of chassidim would gather to pray at the tzaddik’s grave.

 

         Rabbi Reich can be contacted at 718-851-8954

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The official beginning of World War II was September 1, 1939. On that day German soldiers invaded Gdansk after bombarding the city with a military warship. As part of the Polish Government’s official series of events marking seven decades since the start of World War II, Poland’s Jewish community and the Jerusalem-based “Shavei Israel” organization held a special ceremony yesterday in the Gdansk synagogue to commemorate the outbreak of the war, which paved the way for the Holocaust.

The official beginning of World War II was September 1, 1939. On that day German soldiers invaded Gdansk after bombarding the city with a military warship. As part of the Polish Government’s official series of events marking seven decades since the start of World War II, Poland’s Jewish community and the Jerusalem-based “Shavei Israel” organization held a special ceremony yesterday in the Gdansk synagogue to commemorate the outbreak of the war, which paved the way for the Holocaust.

September 1, 1939 is the date on which Germany invaded Poland, starting WWII. While it should be said that the start of the war was not the start of the Shoah, which actually began with the rise of Nazism in 1933, it was a major milestone in the annals of the Holocaust. Within the first few days of the war, Germany had conquered and/or bombed much of Poland, including the capital, Warsaw.

September 1, 1939 is the date on which Germany invaded Poland, starting WWII. While it should be said that the start of the war was not the start of the Shoah, which actually began with the rise of Nazism in 1933, it was a major milestone in the annals of the Holocaust. Within the first few days of the war, Germany had conquered and/or bombed much of Poland, including the capital, Warsaw.

In September 1939 the Germans started establishing ghettos in the occupied territory of Poland. Ghettos played an important role in the Jewish extermination policy. They were filled with Polish and Western European Jewish deportees. The ghettos differed in times of existence, size, internal organization, and living conditions. The Germans called them ” death boxes” (Todeskiste). The city of Lodz belonged to the Wartheland District and the Germans changed its name into Litzmannstadt.

In September 1939 the Germans started establishing ghettos in the occupied territory of Poland. Ghettos played an important role in the Jewish extermination policy. They were filled with Polish and Western European Jewish deportees. The ghettos differed in times of existence, size, internal organization, and living conditions. The Germans called them ” death boxes” (Todeskiste). The city of Lodz belonged to the Wartheland District and the Germans changed its name into Litzmannstadt.

Growing up in the U.S. during the second half of the 20th century, I, along with most people, know very little about the First World War. The little that I did know was about the trench warfare in France and Belgium. The Eastern Front was barely, if ever, mentioned and usually stated that it ended with the Russian Revolution and overthrowing the Czar.

Growing up in the U.S. during the second half of the 20th century, I, along with most people, know very little about the First World War. The little that I did know was about the trench warfare in France and Belgium. The Eastern Front was barely, if ever, mentioned and usually stated that it ended with the Russian Revolution and overthrowing the Czar.

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