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September 2, 2015 / 18 Elul, 5775
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Jewish Schools Advocacy Bringing Hundreds of Millions in Public Funds

Private Jewish day schools and yeshivas get hundreds of millions of dollars through tax credit programs.
Students and staff of the Torah Day School of Atlanta standing on the steps of the Georgia State Capitol following a school choice rally, January 2012.

Students and staff of the Torah Day School of Atlanta standing on the steps of the Georgia State Capitol following a school choice rally, January 2012.
Photo Credit: David Kapenstein

Like many Jewish schools, SAR has dedicated staffers whose job is to garner the government funds. They range from reimbursement for administering state exams and taking students’ attendance — state-mandated tasks for which New York Jewish schools received $42 million last year — to funds for security programs, textbooks, busing, health services, computer software, teacher training and small-group tutoring in various subjects.

Jewish schools in New York also have been able to secure some $300 million per year in therapy and counseling services for students with special needs, according to Martin Schloss, director of government relations at the Jewish Education Project. The money goes directly to pay for the services, not to the school’s bottom line: outside professionals come to the school and work with students who have been deemed eligible by the Board of Education.

Advocates and legislators holding a news conference in Albany, N.Y., on June 12, 2013 calling for a program offering reduced utility rates to be extended to parochial schools in the state. Photo: Orthodox Union.

Advocates and legislators holding a news conference in Albany, N.Y., on June 12, 2013 calling for a program offering reduced utility rates to be extended to parochial schools in the state. Photo: Orthodox Union.

“Our schools are aggressive in terms of utilizing opportunities,” said Schloss, whose organization helps 300 day schools in New York secure government money. “We’re not asking for a penny more than we ought to be getting, but not a penny less either.”

Underlying the new advocacy effort is a shift in attitude among some mainstream Jewish organizations. Jewish federations, which once opposed government funding for parochial schools, are now trying to secure government support for them. Both the Jewish Council for Public Affairs and the American Jewish Committee are reconsidering their long-held opposition to such funding.

“Overall, the Jewish community has moved much closer to our side on this issue over the last few years,” said Rabbi A.D. Motzen, national director of state relations for Agudath Israel, which has been lobbying for government money for parochial schools since the 1960s.

In addition to financial pressures, a few other factors have fueled the day school advocacy effort.

The growing momentum of the so-called school choice movement, which aims to give parents more control over where and how their kids are educated on the government’s dime, has helped create more favorable conditions for private school funding. A landmark Supreme Court decision in 2002 upholding parental rights to use government tuition vouchers at private religious schools helped pave the way for voucher and tuition tax credit programs in 23 states.

But these programs are not available in many of the states with the biggest Jewish day school populations, including New York, New Jersey, California, Illinois and Massachusetts. Two notable exceptions are Florida and Pennsylvania.

After the Rhode Island program began in 2006, Providence’s two Jewish day schools were able to get nearly $400,000 of the $1 million pot. As awareness has grown, their share has fallen to about $270,000 — still a respectable sum in a state where Jews account for less than 2 percent of the population.

“By and large, we’ve done fairly well in getting what we can,” said Rabbi Peretz Scheinerman, dean of the Providence Hebrew Day School. “With all these things, you have to know what’s coming to you and be on top of that.”

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4 Responses to “Jewish Schools Advocacy Bringing Hundreds of Millions in Public Funds”

  1. Sam Norte says:

    I do not see ANY diversity in the picture above! Racist Jews!

  2. Yehoshua Jason Bedrick says:

    Great article, though the headline and the fifth paragraph are misleading. In fact, education tax credit programs do NOT rely on "public funds" or "taxpayer dollars." The U.S. Supreme Court has held that money does not become "government" or "public money" until it has "reached the tax collector's hand." (ACSTO v. Winn, 2011)

    This may seem a trivial point, but it is not. In some states, the constitutionality of the program stands or falls based on whether it is "public money" or not. In Arizona, for example, a voucher program was ruled unconstitutional while the scholarship tax credit program was constitutional because the former used government money and the latter did not.

    According to the logic that it is government money, every church and synagogue is funded by "public money" due to charitable donation tax deductions and property tax exemptions. Of course, that would violate the First Amendment's Establishment clause — in reality, these tax credits and deductions are constitutional because they are *not* public money.

  3. Anthony Davis says:

    Yeah, and in the end, the rest of American taxpayers have to pay more to shoulder more of the burden because people like this are taking advantage and don't want to send money to keep our government going. Why don't people like this move elsewhere if they hate America so much? There are countries they can go to where they can practice their white supremacist, we are better than you crap.

  4. Anthony Davis says:

    Yeah, and in the end, the rest of American taxpayers have to pay more to shoulder more of the burden because people like this are taking advantage and don't want to send money to keep our government going. Why don't people like this move elsewhere if they hate America so much? There are countries they can go to where they can practice their white supremacist, we are better than you crap.

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