web analytics
October 25, 2014 / 1 Heshvan, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Meir Panim with Soldiers 5774 Roundup: Year of Relief and Service for Israel’s Needy

Meir Panim implements programs that serve Israel’s neediest populations with respect and dignity. Meir Panim also coordinated care packages for families in the South during the Gaza War.



Home » Judaism » Torah »

Q & A: Women Counting Sefirat Haomer

QUESTION: In my wife’s family, women count Sefirat Haomer. This is something that I have not seen in my own family, although they are quite observant. As a newly married couple, we are quite confused.

Please discuss this matter and explain.
No name please
Toronto, Ontario
 
ANSWER: It is understood that the Torah was given to us so that we study it and learn therein to perform its many commands, which Hashem so commanded us.

In this regard, all Jews are equally responsible in their performance, albeit certain situations which obviate their performance, such as the case of a Yisroel being unable to perform any of the myriad mitzvot that are incumbent upon Kohanim in their service of Hashem.

We find as well ‘Mitzvot Hateluyot Ba’aretz’ – commands that are unique to those who dwell in Eretz Yisroel – shmittah, yovel, etc., which any Jew who lives there must perform, while a Jew who lives in ‘Chutz L’Aretz’ - in the Diaspora – is totally exempt in their performance.

We also find certain mitzvot that are gender restricted and relate to our question. The source for these restrictions and what circumstance causes these restrictions is found in Perek Haisha Niknit (Kiddushin 29a). The Mishnah states, ‘…And any positive precept that is performed in a timely manner, men are required to perform them and women are exempt from them. And any positive precept that is not performed in a timely manner, both men and women are required to perform them….’

The Gemara on the Mishnah discusses in detail the source for the Mishnah’s ruling and finds numerous possibilities - firstly that we compare all mitzvot to tefillin, which is in itself compared to Talmud Torah, of which the Pasuk in Parashat V’etchanan (Devarim 6:7) [which happens to be the first parasha of Kriat Shema] states, ‘VeShinantam L’[b]anecha,’ and you shall teach them to your sons. The Gemara goes into a long discussion and finds exceptions to the rule. The Gemara also gives us another source, ‘Reiah’ - the mitzvot of going up to Jerusalem three times a year, which the Torah in Parashat Mishpatim (Shemot 23:17) states, ‘Shalosh Pa’amim Bashanah Yeraeh Kol Zechurecha,’ three times in the year shall all your males be seen [in Jerusalem]. The Gemara in its discussion seeks out many other mitzvot, such as ‘Kibud av v’em,’ etc., to serve as our source for women’s requirement in those precepts that are not time related, and throughout the whole discussion uses a process of elimination. Our rule, though, is such that generally women are not required to perform any of these time related mitzvot, and men are.

Kol Bo Siman 73 quotes the Ba’al HaMelamed on Parashat Lech-Lecha in explaining the reason that the Torah freed women of this responsibility: Since the woman is the helpmate for the man [and she is the one in charge of the household], thus if she would be occupied with all timely mitzvot, her aid to him [lit. her work] would be left undone and this would be a source of friction between the couple.

It is pertinent to our discussion to delineate our attitude in regard to counting the omer: Is it indeed a timely precept’ It would seem to be such since it comes at a certain time in the year. Or is it likened to ‘matzah,’ which comes at a certain time in the year, yet women are nevertheless included in the obligation’ This (matzah requirement) is part of the Gemara’s discussion in Perek Haisha Niknit.

In researching this question I recalled having seen a similar discussion in the sefer ‘Orot HaPesach’ by Hagaon Horav Shlomo Wahrman, Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshiva of Nassau County. We will highlight some of his in-depth discussions found in siman 79.

Rav Wahrman quotes the Rambam Hilchot Temidin U’musafin 7:22-24: It is a positive precept – Mitzvat Asei – to count (Sefirat Haomer) seven full weeks from the day that the omer was first brought, as it says in Parashat Emor (Vayikra 23:15), ‘Usefartem Lachem Mimacharat Hashabbat Miyom Haviachem et Omer Hatenufah Sheva Shabbatot Temimot Tihiyena,’ and you shall count from the morrow of the Sabbath [i.e. Pesach] from the day you bring the omer of waving, seven complete weeks shall they be. It is a mitzvah to count days with weeks, as it says [in the next pasuk, 23:16], ‘Tisperu Chamishim Yom,’ you shall count 50 days…. We count from the beginning of the day, i.e., the night of the 16th of Nissan. If one forgot to count at night he counts by day, and one must count standing - but if one counted while sitting, he has nevertheless fulfilled his obligation. This mitzvah is incumbent on all Jewish males in every place and at every time, and women and slaves are exempt from its performance.’

Kesef Mishnah explains that the exemption for women is due to this being a ‘Mitzvat Asei She’Hazeman Garma,’ a positive timeley precept. We find as well in the Chinuch in Mizvah 306 that Sefirat Haomer is a Biblical command observed by males.

The Ramban in his novella on Mesechet Kiddushin 34a states the following: ‘And as regards positive [Biblical] precepts that are not timely, many are yet left [such as] ‘morah,’ fear [of one's parents], ‘kavod,’ honor [of one's parents], ‘bikurim,’ first produce, ‘chalah,’ [which we take from the dough], ‘kisuy hadam,’ covering of the blood [of non-domesticated animals, i.e., 'chaya,' or of fowl, when they are slaughtered], ‘raishit hagez,’ the first shearing [of the sheep], ‘matanot,’ lit. the ‘presents’ one gives to Kohanim, Leviyim and the destitute, ‘Sefirat Haomer,’ lit. the counting of the omer, ‘prikah u’teinah,’ lit. ‘unloading and loading,’ i.e., helping one’s fellow with the loading and unloading of heavy parcels, etc.’

(To be continued)

About the Author: Rabbi Yaakov Klass, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Q & A: Women Counting Sefirat Haomer”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Do you know where your vegetables grow?
Not So Kosher Shemittah L’Mehadrin
Latest Judaism Stories
Greenbaum-102414

Noach was the lonely man of faith living in a depraved world, full of wickedness.

Parsha-Perspectives-logo

Avraham became a great man during the 175 years of his life, while his predecessors became increasingly wicked, despite staggering knowledge, during their lifetimes of hundreds of years.

Rapps-Rabbi-Joshua-logo

Shem realized that he owed his existence to his father who brought him into the world.

Daf-Yomi-logo

Law-Abiding Citizen
‘That Which Is Crooked Cannot Be Made Straight…’
(Yevamos 22a-b)

The flood was not sent to destroy, but to restore the positive potential of the world.

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Why is there is no mention of dinosaurs, and other prehistoric animals, in the Torah?

Strict din demands perfection. There is no room for shortcomings and no place for excuses; you are responsible.

Surprisingly, my husband and one son arrived home over half-an-hour earlier than usual. I excitedly shared my perfect-timing story, but my better half one upped me easily.

Noach felt a tug, and then heard a rip. His jacket had been caught on the nail, and the beautiful suit had a tear.

Boundaries must be set in every home. Parents and children are not pals. They are not equals.

Noah and his wife could not fathom living together as husband and wife and continuing the human race

The Babel story is the 2nd in a 4-act drama that’s unmistakably a connecting thread of Bereishit

Our intentions are critical in raising children because they mimic everything we parents do & think

A humble person who achieves a position of prominence will utilize the standing to benefit others.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass
Questions-Answers-logo

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

Name Withheld

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/torah/q-a-women-counting-sefirat-haomer/2001/06/06/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: