web analytics
August 27, 2014 / 1 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
News & Views
Sponsored Post
Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat (L) visits the JewishPress.com booth at The Event. And the Winners of the JewishPress.com Raffle Are…

Congratulations to all the winners of the JewishPress.com raffle at The Event



Byzantine Era Golden Treasure Uncovered at Foot of Temple Mount

Dr. Mazar estimates the treasure was abandoned during the Persian conquest of Jerusalem, in 614 CE.
Israeli archaeologist Eilat Mazar showing an ancient medallion dated to the late Byzantine period (early seventh century CE) with a shofar (ram's horn) and a Torah scroll ornament, September 9, 2013. The treasure was discovered in recent Jerusalem excavations near the Temple Mount southern wall, by members of the Hebrew University Institute of Archaeology.

Israeli archaeologist Eilat Mazar showing an ancient medallion dated to the late Byzantine period (early seventh century CE) with a shofar (ram's horn) and a Torah scroll ornament, September 9, 2013. The treasure was discovered in recent Jerusalem excavations near the Temple Mount southern wall, by members of the Hebrew University Institute of Archaeology.
Photo Credit: Flash90

During excavations at the foot of the Temple Mount which were conducted this summer, Jerusalem Hebrew University archaeologist Dr. Eilat Mazar discovered two bundles of a treasure containing thirty-six gold coins, gold and silver jewelry, and a gold medallion with the menorah (Temple candelabrum) symbol etched into it. Also etched into the 10-cm medallion are a shofar (ram’s horn) and a Torah scroll.

Mazar, a third-generation archaeologist working at the Hebrew University’s Institute of Archaeology, directs excavations on the City of David’s summit and at the Temple Mount’s southern wall, the Ophel area. Calling the find “a breathtaking, once-in-a-lifetime discovery,” Dr. Mazar said: “We have been making significant finds from the First Temple Period in this area, a much earlier time in Jerusalem’s history, so discovering a golden seven-branched Menorah from the seventh century CE at the foot of the Temple Mount was a complete surprise.”

The discovery was unearthed just five days into Mazar’s latest phase of the Ophel excavations, and can be dated to the late Byzantine period (early seventh century CE). The gold treasure was discovered in a ruined Byzantine public structure, a mere 150 feet from the Temple Mount’s southern wall.

mazar menora

The menorah, a candelabrum with seven branches that was used in the Temple, the national symbol of the State of Israel, reflects the historical presence of Jews in the area. The position of the items as they were discovered indicates that one bundle was carefully hidden underground while the second bundle was apparently abandoned in haste and scattered across the floor.

Given the date of the items and the manner in which they were found, Mazar estimates they were abandoned in the context of the Persian conquest of Jerusalem, in 614 CE. After the Persians conquered Jerusalem, many Jews returned to the city and formed the majority of its population, hoping for political and religious freedom. But as Persian power waned, instead of forming an alliance with the Jews, the Persians sought the support of Christians and ultimately allowed them to expel the Jews from Jerusalem.

Hanging from a gold chain, the menorah medallion is most likely an ornament for a Torah scroll. If this is the case, it is the earliest Torah scroll ornament found in archaeological excavations to date. It was buried in a small depression in the floor, along with a smaller, gold medallion, two pendants, a gold coil and a silver clasp, all of which are believed to be Torah scroll ornaments.

“It would appear that the most likely explanation is that the Ophel cache was earmarked as a contribution toward the building of a new synagogue, at a location that is near the Temple Mount,” said Dr. Mazar. “What is certain is that their mission, whatever it was, was unsuccessful. The treasure was abandoned, and its owners could never return to collect it.”

3 - coins collections

The Ophel cache is the third collection of gold coins to be found in archaeological excavations in Jerusalem, said Lior Sandberg, numismatics specialist at the Institute of Archaeology. “The thirty-six gold coins can be dated to the reigns of different Byzantine emperors, ranging from the middle of the fourth century CE to the early seventh century CE,” said Sandberg.

Found alongside the coins were a pair of large gold earrings, a gold-plated silver hexagonal prism and a silver ingot. Remnants of fabric indicate that these items were once packaged in a cloth purse similar to the bundle that contained the menorah medallion.

Mazar’s Ophel excavation made headlines earlier this year when she announced the 2012 discovery of an ancient Canaanite inscription (recently identified as Hebrew), the earliest alphabetical written text ever uncovered in Jerusalem.

The 2013 excavation season at the Ophel ran from the middle of April to the end of July, on behalf of the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University. The Israel Antiquities Authority is carrying out the preservation works, and is preparing the site for the public.

About the Author: Aryeh Savir is director of the International division of Tazpit News Agency.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

26 Responses to “Byzantine Era Golden Treasure Uncovered at Foot of Temple Mount”

  1. Nancy Galler-Malta says:

    very interesting find!

  2. doesn't surprise me, God has shown the world once again the Temple Mount was the jews and their temple stood their before any mosque! Praise be to Our God.

  3. Paul McGowan says:

    Praise Adonai who reigns Supreme forever.

  4. Gil Gilman says:

    Another spike in the heart of the revisionists.

  5. vivgolda says:

    This goes some way to prove how long the Jewish Community has used the Temple Mount, a further reason for Jerusalem to be Israel’s Capital and inform Islamic followers this Mount is indeed Judaic and have an equal if not greater right to worship here than Islam.

  6. Love the Doctor Who reference in your photo.

  7. shalom, *Adonai Tzvaot**akhshav**tamid**lots of love* david.

  8. Yechiel Baum says:

    It should be documented by the UN that Jerusalem was always belonging to the Jewish State of Israel.

  9. I thought the exact thing myself Yechiel.

  10. Ben Young says:

    There is a longer video about it and interview on KeytoDavidsCity. com

  11. FUNNY I am listening out for the Palestinians to say HOLD on there these are really OUR SYMBOLS found in our Arab City, PULL THE OTHER ONE ITS GOT BELLS ON.

  12. Joseph Colen says:

    This is not the only time that idolaters have prayed to their gods or god at the temple. The Greeks did the same and the Romans too, and the worshippers of the moon-gods or the sun-gods will do the same.

  13. SoniaUSA says:

    Look at all these anti-Islamic comments! And here I am, a Muslim (American Muslim), happy that these treasures were found because people of “the middle of the fourth century to seventh century CE”, of different Byzantine Empires, need to be remembered. Judaism is an Abrahamic religion that I love and respect but don’t take every thing out of context and insult my faith wherever there’s a niche to fill with acrimony and arrogant ignorance.
    If they pulled the body of Abraham (peace be upon him) out of ground what would these people say about Islam then??

  14. vivgolda says:

    Such a shame radical Islam is giving bad PR.  True Abraham is father to both Isaac and Ishmael.  Sons and daughters outside of matrimony, do not inherit, only the legitimate child  inherits.  Does the illegitimate child hate his/her half brother? In most cases on discoverig each other,  usually a familial bond arises between them?

  15. Soon a new something to see in Israel!

  16. Bradley Croft says:

    The original city of David, now known as the Ophel must have held the holy covenent and it's ground should be considered sacred and hallowed.

  17. Mahlon Marr says:

    Tremendous find that's as beautiful as it is important. I have a question about the bundle "apparently scattered across the floor". How was it covered and not found by someone shortly thereafter?

  18. Fikret Bocek says:

    I'm glad the Ottoman Turks didn't find it when they were around :)

  19. I love ISRAEL , I'M A CHRISTIAN BUT I PRAY FOR THE PEACE OF JERUSALEM

  20. Vigda Bernau says:

    It is very exciting to hear of all these finds. I join Mary Dickinson in loving and praying for a lasting peace in Israel… and in the whole world, Amen!

  21. Charlie Talmadge says:

    I agree Vigda!

  22. Eva Hody says:

    Amen to that Vigdushka

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Strike on Golan Yekev
Israeli Wounded from Syrian Shelling on Golan
Latest News Stories
Engineering Corp soldier looking down a Palestinian-dug tunnel.

Hamas recently indicated to international press that it would continue building up its underground network while restocking arsenal, rockets and other weaponry

Teh Iranian weapons ship Klos C

Iran vowed on Monday to “accelerate” its rearming of PA Arabs in Judea and Samaria, one day after it claimed that it shot down an Israeli spy drone over its airspace.

Fears for the life of New Jersey yeshiva student Aaron Sofer, studying in Israel, grow with each passing day since his disappearance on Friday.

The case of missing U.S. yeshiva student Aaron Sofer, studying in Israel, remains unsolved after six days.

“We are strong chassidic women and we take the name, we embrace it, and we own it.”

After a month, should the quiet hold, Israel and Hamas will restart indirect negotiations in Cairo on easing Israel’s blockade of the coastal strip and disarming the enclave.

Israel’s political landscape awoke Wednesday to the latest ceasefire with a sharp round of criticism for Prime Minister Netanyahu, and jostling for position amongst senior politicians who have begun to smell the aroma of early elections, possibly in the first half of 2015.

Palestinian terrorists threw stones at Jewish-owned cars in the Wadi Joz section of Jerusalem Wednesday. Three children were injured and treated on the spot. A 22-year-old man was arrested, and police told Israel Radio the man has confessed to other incidents as well. In Shuafat, in northern Jerusalem, Palestinians threw rocks at the Jerusalem light […]

Nearly 90 percent of Gaza residents support attacks on Israel, say rockets help ‘deterrence’

Chaim Yellin: We don’t want government support. We need quiet in the morning.

Mortar fire crossed the border into northern Israel from Syria near Quneitra. Two cars were damaged. Accidental shelling?

NYC lawmaker Laurie Cumbo presses Miami-Dade officials to find Rabbi Joseph Raksin’s murderer.

Former US Middle East envoy Martin Indyk warns Israel’s self-defense in Gaza has increased tensions with Washington – again.

A baby was hurt when Palestinian terrorists stoned the car she was driving in near the Samaria community of Yitzhar this morning. According to reports on the Hebrew-language 0404 website, the driver of the vehicle escaped the scene of the attack and reached a nearby IDF base safely. There, the baby was treated for her […]

The Zara clothing firm fell ‘fashion flat’ with a toddler tee allegedly a “sheriff’s shirt” in Israel – bearing a yellow, 6-pointed star.

The majority of the reactions are against the truce, and all voiced skepticism about its viability.

More Articles from Aryeh Savir, Tazpit News Agency

The majority of the reactions are against the truce, and all voiced skepticism about its viability.

PA claims – ISIS founded by US in order to destabilize and take control of the Middle East.

“I was amazed and pleased that a rabbi would call the Islamization of Europe a good thing. Likewise I believe an all Jewish Europe would be a great thing too,” Turk said.

Tourism Minister Dr. Uzi Landau stated: “Israel is preparing for the ‘day after’.

Zeidan stated he supports Hamas, even as the missiles landed on his areas, [h]e cannot remain silent, even if [Hamas] missiles land on our heads.

As the cease fire deadline approaches, Hamas is threatening to reignite the further destruction of Gaza…

Over the past 24 hours 86 rockets were fired at Israel, 58 rockets hit Israel and 6 were intercepted by the Iron Dome system…

    Latest Poll

    Do you think the FAA ban on US flights to Israel is political?






    View Results

    Loading ... Loading ...

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/breaking-news/byzantine-era-golden-treasure-uncovered-at-foot-of-temple-mount/2013/09/09/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: