Photo Credit: Israel Antiquities Authority
The 1800-year-old coing depicting Emperor Antonius Pius (R) and Syrian god of the moon.

A rare coin bearing the head of the Roman emperor Antonius Pius and dating from 158–159 CE was found during a training exercise by IDF soldier Ido Gardi. The well-preserved coin was minted in the city of Geva.

The find was reported to the National Treasures Department of the Israel Antiquities Authority and the soldier received a certificate of appreciation for good citizenship.

IDF soldier Ido Gardi with the coin he found. / Nir Distelfeld / Israel Antiquities AuthorityNir Distelfeld / Israel Antiquities Authority
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Dr. Donald Tzvi Ariel, head of the Israel Antiquities Authority’s Numismatics Department, said: “This coin joins only eleven such coins from known locations in the National Treasures Department collection. All the coins were found in northern Israel, from Megiddo and Zippori to Tiberias and Arbel.”

The coin bears the head of the Roman emperor Antoninus Pius, who ruled in 138–161 CE, and the reverse side shows the Syrian god MEN (the moon god) with the legend “of the people of Geva Phillipi, year 217 (158–159 CE).”

According to Dr. Avner Ecker, lecturer in classical archaeology at Bar-Ilan University’s Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology, “the coin that was discovered is one of the municipal coins minted in the city of Geva Philippi, also known as Geva Parashim. In the Roman period, cities were granted the right to mint their own coins. The year marked on the coin is the year when the municipal council was evidently established and its citizens were allowed self-government under the Roman Empire.”

“Geva is an ancient settlement, referred to by Josephus as a town located on the foothills at the edge of the Jezreel Valley,” dr. Ecker continued. “Herod settled his cavalry forces there (hence the name Geva Parashim – Horsemen’s Hill in Hebrew) and during the Great Revolt, in 66–70 CE, local and Roman forces set out from there to fight Jewish rebels near Bet She’arim. Some believe that Geva is located near Sha’ar Ha’Amakim, but most scholars identify the site as Tel Abu Shusha, near Kibbutz Mishmar Ha’Emek. Excavations conducted by Bar Ilan University at the tel last summer unearthed remains of fortifications and buildings dating from the Hellenistic to the Byzantine periods.”

According to Nir Distelfeld, an inspector for the IAA’s northern district’s robbery prevention unit, “The coin was probably lost by its owner on one of the roads that cross this area, until the soldier spotted it almost 2,000 years later. This is an opportunity to call on any members of the public who have found coins or any other ancient artifacts, to report them to the Israel Antiquities Authority. We will come and transfer the find to the National Treasures Department, hopefully adding more data and enriching scholarly research with another piece of evidence from the past.”

“It should be stressed that antiquities are national treasures, it is forbidden to actively seek them, and any chance finds must be reported to the authority. The soldier, Ido Gardi, demonstrated exemplary civic behavior and we hope that he will act as an example for others who discover ancient finds,” Distelfeld said.

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