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May 30, 2015 / 12 Sivan, 5775
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Posts Tagged ‘degel hatorah’

The Fight Over Charedi Leadership in Israel

Tuesday, October 28th, 2014

One of the saddest developments in the Charedi world in Israel is the current split in their ranks. It seems that the animosity between these 2 very Charedi factions is even greater than the animosity between Charedim and Dati Leumi (Modern Orthodox Jews) or even Charedim and Chilonim (secular Jews).

One might think that if there was any group that could maintain a monolithic stance on religious issues it would be the Charedi world. The term Charedi means that they are Chareid L’Dvar HaShem. Their every action is supposed to reflect their fear of Heaven. This means that ideally each and every Charedi individual goes Lifnim Meshuras HaDin (beyond the letter of the law) in service to God – as their leaders interpret Torah Law and Hashkafa.

But that is far from a uniting factor it seems. Chasidic courts have long had their own agenda that does not coincide with the Lithuanian agenda. In Israel this means that instead of having a united Charedi political party, they have 2 parties, Degel HaTorah led by the Roshei Yeshiva of Lithuanian extraction; and Agudat Israel led by the Rebbes of Chasidic movements. Each party fields separate candidates for various positions in Israel’s secular democratic government. This split took place decades ago and has caused tremendous animosity between the 2 groups. Which were at one time united. But the division doesn’t end there.

You would also think that least as far as the Lithuanian party’s interests are concerned there would be unity there. But you would be wrong. There was a tremendous blowout last year when 80 year old Rav Shmuel Auerbach decided to form his own party called ‘Bnei Torah’. They fielded their own candidates that competed with Degel HaTorah’s candidates.

This was a rebellion against 100 year old Rav Aharon Leib Shteinman who until then was the undisputed leader of the Lithuanian world.

One might think that this is all about politics and that in reality they are otherwise in complete harmony with each other. But that too would be wrong. That’s because this is nothing less than a dispute over who is going to lead the Charedi Yeshiva world. It is a fight about who is their Gadol HaDor. A world that consists of the greatest Yeshivos in Israel. Yeshivos whose names most of the religious world are very familiar with. Names like Ponevitch, Mir, Chevron… and many others.

How bad is it? It is a battle royal tearing at the very heart of the yeshiva world. Who is going to lead the Torah world? And what direction will that leader take?

On this issue it seems there will be no compromise. It will apparently be a fight to the finish. This has resulted in some pretty nasty behavior by individuals of one faction against the leadership of the other. Recall that last year a deranged follower of Rav Auerbach physically attacked Rav Shteinman.

The rhetoric coming out of the R’Shteinman faction against Rav Auerbach and his followers is on a level of condemnation much like their condemnation of secular leaders whom they perceive are anti Torah!

Rav Shmuel Auerbach Students at Charedi Kollels were warned by Rav Chaim Kanievsky that if they were found to be supporters of Rav Auerbach, they would be expelled from their Kollel without pay!

Rav Shteinman went so far as to say that the supporting Rav Auerbach was a more serious than idol worship!

This all happened last year about this time during municipal elections. But now one year later, nothing has changed. Except that feelings and loyalties seem to have become more entrenched. During my visit to Israel, a Charedi Rav who is intimately involved in Yeshiva life told me that Yeshivas in the Charedi world are split in two. The fight has been taken to the Beis HaMedrash. In Ponevitch the enmity is so bad I was told that Rav Don Segal who was the Mashgiach there left the country. He could not take the bitter fighting anymore. Parents – when choosing a Yeshiva for their sons are now looking at how divided a Yeshiva is instead of what the level of Torah study there is.

The Future Coalition and the Israeli Right

Wednesday, January 23rd, 2013

So the final results are almost completely tallied and it’s pretty bad for the right-wing, especially Likud-Beitenu, despite the fact that the Benjamin Netanyahu will likely form the next government.

The only threat to Netanyahu forming the government is a joint Shas-Lapid boycott. Likud-Beitenu and Jewish Home comprise 43 seats. Shas and UTJ (17) bring it up to 61 or Lapid (19) will bring it up to 62. Only if Lapid, Shas and UTJ (or even Lapid and Shas) boycott Netanyahu will Netanyahu not be able to form the government. That scenario would also require Livni and Yachimovitch and Lapid to agree on making one of these three their candidate for Prime Minister, which is even more unlikely. Also, Shas publicly endorsed Netanyahu for Prime Minister in an advertisement prior to the elections, apparently counting on the fact that Lapid will compromise on a universal draft.

Nevertheless, for Netanyahu to form a stable coalition (closer to 70 seats) he would need to Shas and/or UTJ compromise with a plan to draft Hareidim, as he said in his “victory” speech last night that he plans to make a priority and because Lapid is now too large to ignore, especially relative to a weak Likud.

Kadima – which escaped what would have been a well-deserved political death – could be another leftist party which Netanyahu could bring on board to strengthen the coalition, especially if Shas will not join.  This would bring the coalition up to 64 seats, that’s still not that stable, but at least Kadima won’t be able to ask for much with it’s meager two seats.

That would mean giving Mofaz something that Mofaz would feel will make him and Kadima relevant until the next elections, perhaps some lessor ministry or as a minister without portfolio. (Mofaz’s other options to survive through the next elections are (a) to somehow re-establish himself outside the government, which is unlikely; (b) to rejoin the Likud with his tail between his legs, which is also unlikely considering how he treated Netanyahu after Netanyahu brought him into the coalition before; (c) merge with another left-wing party which would be equally embarrassing for him and also unprofitable for the other party; or, (d) wait for Olmert to return and save him).

Some other thoughts:

* The success of Yair Lapid’s Yesh Atid in garnering 19 mandates, making it the second largest of all parties is the biggest surprise of the election. It’s almost twice as high as Lapid polled before the elections and 19 more than Lapid had before as this is his first election. Like Liberman before, Lapid will likely be Netanyahu’s major partner as under almost any coalition figuration Yesh Atid can bring down the coalition.

* The Jewish Home’s success was not as great as predicted but it was still quite an achievement to garner 12 Knesset seats. The joint Jewish Home-National Union list represented only seven seats in the outgoing Knesset and only a few months ago hoped to get up to 10 seats in the next Knesset. Kudos to them for running a great campaign, including Anglo candidate Jeremy Gimpel who chaired the English-speakers campaign and Jeremy Saltan who was the English-speaker’s campaign manager, despite the fact that Gimpel himself will not be in the next Knesset.

* The Likud-Beitenu’s drop from 42 seats in the outgoing Knesset to 31 in the next is the second biggest surprise. Liberman said last night that he does not regret the merger: Of course he doesn’t, his party only dropped to 11 seats in the Knesset, from 15, despite the fact that he has been indicted, based on testimony from one of his former lieutenants and was absent during the campaign.

The Likud on the other hand lost its upward momentum and now comprises only 20 Knesset seats (only one more than newcomer Lapid). That’s quite an embarrassment for the what is supposed to be the leading party in Israel.

Not that Liberman/the merger should take all the blame. The campaign was terrible from almost every angle – functionally and strategically – and Netanyahu’s no-risk political philosophy may also be to blame for failing to motivate new voters, even though it is good for managing a coalition and providing much-needed stability to the country.

* The “Right” as a whole lost out. Instead of 65 seats (or more, even up to 71 according to some polls), it now has 61. And, remember, the right-wing bloc is not necessarily all right-wing. UTJ is only right-wing on religious issues. On Judea and Samaria, standing up to the international community and economic issues, it is to the left. Shas is also to the left on economic issues and with Aryeh Deri back at the helm it is not clearly to the right when it comes to security-territory issues. Even without Deri, Shas was the prop that kept the Olmert government together after the Second Lebanon War. So really the Right has only 43 reliable seats (Likud-Beitenu + Jewish Home).

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/blogs/hadar/the-future-coalition-and-the-israeli-right/2013/01/23/

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