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December 7, 2016 / 7 Kislev, 5777

Posts Tagged ‘pesach’

The Four Cups Of Pesach

Thursday, April 14th, 2016

On the night of the Seder there is a mitzvah m’d’rabanan to drink four cups of wine. Additionally, there is a mitzvah m’d’rabanan to recline at the seder as well. This second mitzvah to recline was instituted to be performed while one eats matzah and drinks the four cups of wine. The Rambam adds that it is praiseworthy to recline while one eats any other food at the Seder as well, with the exception of marror.

The Gemara (Pesachim 108a) says that one must recline only while drinking two out of the four cups of wine. However, there is a machlokes as to which two. One opinion says to recline only during the first two, and another says to recline during the last two. The Gemara concludes that since we are unsure of the halacha, we recline during all four cups.

The Ran there asks why we would rule stringently when this is a mitzvah m’d’rabanan. Generally the halacha is to rule leniently in doubts that arise in a d’Rabanan. Why then does the Gemara rule stringently to recline by all four cups?

The Ran quotes an answer from Rashi that since it is not a big burden we recline during all four cups. We rule leniently only when there is a tircha – burden involved in ruling stringently. The Ran himself answers that in this scenario it doesn’t make sense to rule leniently. This is because both options are equal, how should we select which cups to recline while drinking? One opinion believes it is the first set and another opines that it is the second set. The two options are equal. And if we rule that one need not recline at all during any of the cups, we will have effectively done away with the entire mitzvah of reclining. The halacha that we may rule leniently in mitzvos m’d’Rabanan applies only when the lenient ruling will not abolish the mitzvah entirely.

What if one forgets to recline? Interestingly, the Gemara does not address this scenario. The Rosh (Pesachim 10:20) says that if one eats either the first kezayis of matzah or the kezayis of matzah for the afikomin without reclining he must eat the matzah again while reclining. And if one drinks the first two cups of wine without reclining he must drink them again while reclining. If one forgets to recline while drinking the last two cups the Rosh is unsure whether one should drink them again. The reason why one should not is because one is not permitted to drink after those cups. Therefore, if one was not required to recline while drinking those cups he would have performed his obligation correctly and would not be permitted to drink any additional cups of wine.

It seems that the Ran would disagree with the Rosh about this point. The answer that the Ran quotes from Rashi that we rule leniently because there is not a big tircha – if one forgets to recline requiring him to drink cups of wine again could be considered a tircha. Therefore according to Rashi if one forgot to recline while drinking any of the four cups he would not have to drink them again.

According to the Ran if one did not recline while drinking either the first two cups or the last two cups we would not require that he drink them again. This is because we would rule leniently that he is not required to drink those cups again. This would not abolish the mitzvah in its entirety.

However, if one did not recline during three or four of the cups we would require him to drink them again and recline.

Rabbi Raphael Fuchs

The Passover Recipe That You DON’T Want to Miss!

Sunday, April 10th, 2016

The Temple Institute presents world renowned Chef Yochanan Lambiase, who will guide you through three scrumptious Passover recipes and then unveil THE Passover recipe that you DON’T want to miss!

Wherever you are celebrating Passover this year, you will want to see this video!

Passover: Freedom for all Mankind!

The intended climax of the Seder is the moment when all participants eat a small amount of the Passover offering (an amount called a k’zayit) wrapped with charoseth and bitter herbs (lettuce) in a mazta. This is known as the ‘Hillel sandwich’ after the beloved sage Hillel, who lived more than 2,000 years ago, who established this practice. This is the fulfillment of the Torah commandment to prepare and eat the Korban Pesach (Passover offering) ‘together with matza and bitter herb’ (Ex. 12:8). The Hillel sandwich eaten during the time of the Holy Temple no doubt bore a great resemblance to Chef Yochanan’s kosher-for-Passover ‘lamb burrito!’

Chef Yochanan Lambiase heralds from five generations of chefs from Southern Italy. He trained under some of the most famous Michelin Star Chefs in the world. He was the founder of the Jerusalem Culinary Institute. He currently is the Head Chef of the Ugly Buffalo Mexican Street Grill in Jerusalem. Chef Yochanan has a regularly broadcast radio show and is frequent contributor of cooking articles.

Now, through this special video from the Temple Institute, Chef Yochanan will guide you through a tantalizing and trendy gourmet kosher experience. Contact Chef Yochanan at kosherpro@yahoo.com for information about Chef Consultancy, exciting culinary and wine tasting tours, cooking classes, culinary happenings and out of the box culinary events.

Video of the Day

Collection of More than 3,000 Passover Haggadahs Displayed in Jerusalem

Tuesday, April 5th, 2016

A breathtaking collection of thousands of Pesach Haggadahs spanning centuries and global cities has been on display for the past several week in Jerusalem, recounting the Passover story from every possible angle.

The collection belongs to one owner who acquired the haggadhas over a period of decades, creating a collection as diverse as the Jewish world itself.

Among those found in the collection are handwritten haggadahs, Chassidic haggadahs, first editions, ancient and rare printed versions, those first editions with important commentaries, ancient and rare printed haggadahs, translations into different languages, illustrated haggadahs created by artists and more.

Up to 1960, approximately 4,730 different types of haggadahs were printed around the world. The explosion of new versions that came after obliterated that figure, however, and it is nearly impossible to estimate the number that exists today.

During the First World War, more than a million Jewish soldiers served in the armies of the UK, France, Germany, Austro-Hungary, Russia and the United States. Almost every national army issued special editions of the Passover haggadah to their Jewish troops.

This collection includes numerous such “war haggadahs” – including one published in 1918 by the Jewish War Services Committee for India in Calcutta, India, which includes a special prayer for the UK Royal Family.

The traditional text – seen in each and every haggadah in this collection — explains the saga of the Egyptian slavery and subsequent flight and rescue of the People of Israel by the Hand of God, led by Moses.

The text does not vary in any haggadah, regardless of style although each is presented very differently, based on origin and population for which it was published – similar to the authenticity of the sacred, unvarying text of the Torah scrolls that have been handed down through the millenia.

A Haggadah for Children with Ladino translation was published in 1865 in Salonika.

The Zevach Pesach Haggadah, published by the Marco Antonio Giustiniani Printing House in Venice is dated 1545.

Zevach Pesach. Published by the Marco Antonio Giustiniani Printing house in Venice, 1545, (bottom half of front cover)

Zevach Pesach. Published by the Marco Antonio Giustiniani Printing house in Venice, 1545, (bottom half of front cover)

A more modern Haggadah, one created by the Israeli artist Ya’acov Agam, is comprised of a silk-screened album of some of his finest work, published by Atelier Arkai in Paris, 1985.

And the list goes on.

The extensive collection of haggadahs will be offered at an online auction Wednesday in Jerusalem at the Kedem Auction House in Jerusalem. As is customary in such cases, the owner’s name has been withheld.

Hana Levi Julian

The Safer Seder Announcement

Tuesday, April 5th, 2016

Video of the Day

First Ever Passover Haggadah Written by Anousim for Anousim Published in Brazil

Thursday, March 31st, 2016

(Sunday, March 27, 2016) – For the first time ever, Anousim, the descendants of forcibly-converted Spanish and Portuguese Jewish communities, have published their own Passover Hagada. The Brazilian community of descendants of Spanish and Portuguese Jews published the first ever Passover Hagada titled A Hagadá de Pêssach do Sertão for other Anousim in Hebrew, Portuguese and Portuguese transliteration.

“A self-aware, self-reliant and active community is vitally important for Jewish continuity,” said Ilana Kohler, editor of the Hagada. “As the descendants of Spanish and Portuguese Jews in Brazil are struggling to establish their own communities and live an open and full Jewish life, not forgetting their origins, this Hagada is an important step towards not depending on other publications most of which do not follow the traditions of our ancestors.”

“The illustrations also provide a taste of our country, with traditional Brazilian northeast relief painting, typical for the area of Sertão, a region of Northeast Brazil, where many Anousim settled.”

The Hagada includes many traditional Passover songs in Ladino, and follows the tradition of the Portuguese Amsterdam Hagadot, and was edited and produced by members of the Recife Sephardic Association. Recife is famous for having the first synagogue of the Americas and home to many descendants of Spanish and Portuguese Jews forced to convert to Catholicism during the Inquisition. The Hagada is illustrated with traditional Brazilian relief printing art.

Ashley Perry (Perez), President of Reconectar, an organization whose goal is to reconnect the Anousim with the Jewish world, and assisted with the project, also spoke about the significance of the Hagada.

“This Hagada is more than just a book that will be used by many Anousim on Pesach,” Perry said. “It is also representative of a massive awakening and self-sufficiency among Anousim who are keen to return to the traditions of their ancestors.”

“The traditions of their ancestors are alive and well in the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish tradition and it is very exciting for both our communities to reconnect with their roots. The Twenty-First Century is providing both the millions of Anousim and the Jewish world with an unprecedented opportunity to reconnect in a way impossible in previous generations and we dare not miss this opportunity. This is what we are trying to achieve at Reconectar and this Hagada is a testament to the exciting possibilities that lie ahead.”

Jewish Press Staff

Matzah Mill

Wednesday, February 24th, 2016

It’s never too early to start making the Matzah.

Young Chareidi men in Bnei Brak work the mills that grind the flour that will be use to make the matzah for the holiday of Pesach

Photo of the Day

What Israelis Do During Pesach Vacation

Tuesday, April 7th, 2015

From North to South, Israelis take advantage of the Pesach holiday vacation to tour and experience our beautiful country.

Looking at the hills near the Dead Sea

Looking at the hills near the Dead Sea – Nati Shohat/FLASH90

Riding camels at the Almog junction.

Riding camels at the Almog junction – Nati Shohat/FLASH90

Bicycling up north.

Bicycling up north – Basal Awidat/Flash90

Picnicing in Gush Etzion.

Picnicing in Gush Etzion – Gershon Elinson/Flash90

Barbecue in Jerusalem

Barbecue in Jerusalem – Yonatan Sindel/Flash90

Photo of the Day

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/photos/what-israelis-do-during-pesach-vacation/2015/04/07/

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