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October 1, 2016 / 28 Elul, 5776

Posts Tagged ‘year’

Preparing Your Child For A Successful School Year

Monday, September 19th, 2016

The new school year has just begun and with it comes a whole host of obstacles and challenges that can hinder your child’s success.

The best way to prepare children for a good year is to sit down with them, in a quiet space, and discuss the expectations, responsibilities and, perhaps, any fears they might have about the coming year. Some children are nervous about getting up on time for the bus, others with keeping up with the homework and some with social expectations. Listen to your children, emphasizing the positive growth they experienced last year, no matter how small, and role-play any potentially challenging scenarios. Remind them that last year came and went, and so will this coming one.

The number one way to avoid many of the typical challenges that could delay a child’s success and growth in the coming years is by utilizing a well-thought out routine. Speak with your child about a typical day, and delegate which of you would be responsible for what. It would be a good idea for him or her to write down or draw a list of the responsibilities. It’s a great memory tool and will ensure a good day in school and at home.

For example, the list could include:

Clean laundry – Parent is responsible for providing clean laundry, child is responsible for laying out his clothes the night before and telling parent if a particular item is needed for the coming day.

Backpack – Child is responsible for bringing home notes to parent, parent signs all the notes, child repacks backpack for next day.

Lunch – Parent will do the shopping, child will help prepare lunch and make sure dirty containers are in the sink every afternoon, etc.

The list should be as extensive as possible and will provide a framework for a child to feel empowered and in control of his daily schedule.

Homework

You may have seen the new policy issued by a public school that announced the extension of the school day and less homework. Until our schools implement that policy, we are faced not only with long school days, but plenty of homework to complete afterwards. Afternoons are precious, as the hours seem to disappear before it is time to go to bed.

It is best to avoid playdates during the week so that when a child comes home from school, he can focus on dinner and completing his homework in a quiet, relaxed manner. Ask the child if he would prefer to do homework as soon as he comes home so that he can relax the rest of the evening, or after dinner, when he has had a chance to take a break.

Bedtime

Very little throws a child off his routine than an irregular bedtime. Until the teen years, a typical child needs approximately 11 hours of sleep a night. Making an early bed time a regular habit is the easiest way to avoid any fights about going to bed.

Food

A child who is early to bed is early to rise, and that gives her ample opportunity to eat a hearty breakfast with whole grains and healthy protein. A solid breakfast paired with healthy snacks will help the child avoid indulging in the fast foods most schools call lunch, thereby enabling her to continue focusing on her afternoon classes, instead of falling into a carb-induced coma. For those parents who are courageous enough to avoid school lunches completely, it is best to prepare the fixings the night before, and have your child take the early morning time to pack his lunch box.

There will be times when you and your child will get overwhelmed with the responsibilities of an older grade, but remember as we head into the new year that after finishing a 12-week summer vacation and approaching a month of Jewish holidays, quickly followed by Chanukah, mid-winter vacation, etc., etc., there is hardly any school anyways, and the year will be over, hopefully for the better, before you know it.

Pnina Baim

A Man’s Destiny Is Decreed On The New Year

Friday, September 16th, 2016

On the first night of Rosh Hashanah, Rabi Shimon ben Yohai had a dream. He dreamt that his two nephews would be fined 600 dinars by the government. The following morning he visited his nephews and persuaded them to become gabaim for the community. They would be in charge of dispensing the charity to the poor. By enabling them to deal in charity, he hoped to avoid the harsh government decree from becoming effective.

“But who will provide us the money to give to the poor of the community?” they asked him.

“You advance the money and keep a record of every penny you lay out. At the end of the year the community will reimburse you,” Rabi Shimon answered them.

They agreed and undertook the job. Sometime later, a jealous person complained to the government that they were dealing in silk and merchandise and not paying taxes. The following day an elderly tax collector appeared and demanded that they pay the government a fine of 600 dinars. They protested their innocence, but the tax collector would not listen to them and they were subsequently jailed.

When Rabi Shimon heard of this matter, he visited them in jail.

“Tell me,” he asked them, “how much money did you raise for charity during the last year?”

“You will find it recorded in a book which we keep in our house,” they answered him.

Rabi Shimon visited their home and began examining their book. He saw that they had laid out 594 dinars, only six dinars short of 600.

Visiting them again in jail he said, “Give me six dinars and I will free you from this jail.’’

“How is that possible?” they asked him. “The tax collector demands 600 dinars and you only ask for six dinars to free us.”

“Regardless,” he answered them, “give me the six dinars and I promise to free you today.”

They gave him the money and Rabi Shimon then visited the tax collector and bribed him to accept the money and forget about the case.

“They have no money to pay you,” he told the collector, “so what will you gain by keeping them in jail? Take these few dinars, free them and drop the case and no one will the wiser.”

The tax collector agreed and he freed them.

When they arrived home they asked him, “How did you know that it would only take six dinars to free us? Did you have any inside information on our case?”

“No,” he said, “but last Rosh Hashanah night I had a dream that you would be fined 600 dinars. Counting the money you gave to charity, I figured that you were still six dinars short. Therefore, I knew that the collector would accept the six dinars and he would free you. Great is the power of charity.”

“If you had told us about this at that time we would have gladly donated the entire 600 to charity,” they said, “rather than undergo this aggravating experience and be placed in jail.”

“If I had told this to you at that time,” said Rabi Shimon bar Yohai, “you would never have believed me and you would never have given me any money for charity. Also, I wanted you to really give the money for the sake of charity, not to escape punishment.”

Rabbi Sholom Klass

Remembering The Year Of The Bird

Thursday, September 8th, 2016

Forty years ago America celebrated its bicentennial on July 4, 1976. At the same time, the world was hearing and reading about the daring Israeli commando raid in Uganda to rescue Jewish hostages.

But in 1976, the Bird was the Word. The Tigers had finished dead last the season before. At the end of the year, the Tigers traded Mickey Lolich, who had notched 12 of the team’s 57 victories, to the Mets for outfielder Rusty Staub.

Staub quickly became a fan and media favorite in Detroit, but was soon overshadowed by Mark Fidrych.

The long-haired, skinny, six-foot-three rookie pitcher was nicknamed “The Bird.” Partly because he looked like Big Bird on television’s “Sesame Street,” and partly because of the way he pitched.

Fidrych used his whole body. His arms flailed, his body shook, he rocked back and forth, and he aimed the ball at the plate like a dart. And he talked to the ball while he was getting ready to throw it.

The Bird’s shtick included running to congratulate a teammate who’d just made a good defensive play. He would start each inning by getting on his hands and knees and patting down the dirt on the pitching mound.

On June 28, 1976, about six hours before the nationally televised Monday night game featuring Fidrych against Ken Holtzman of the Yankees, I met broadcasters Warner Wolf and Bob Uecker in the lobby of a downtown hotel.

I filled the duo in on the Bird craze that had overtaken Detroit. Ken Holtzman came down to the lobby to meet with Wolf and Uecker. They decided to take a cab to Tigers Stadium and invited me along. A crowd of almost 50,000 filled the old green seats and bleacher spaces. Many carried signs reading “Go Bird Go” and “The Bird is the Word.”

A quick one hour and 51 minutes later the game was over. Fidrych had scattered seven hits to defeat the Yankees, 5-1, to raise his record to 8-1. The frenzied crowd stood cheering. “We want the Bird,” they screamed and shouted, and The Bird flew out of the dugout for a curtain call.

Fast forward to the All-Star break. The Bird got the nod to start the mid-summer classic. His record was nine wins and two losses, with an ERA of only 1.78.

The Bird and yours truly flew together to Philadelphia, the National League city hosting the game.

We shared a car to the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel, where players, management, and writers were stationed. Fidrych checked in behind me unrecognized and we went up to our respective floors.

1977 Topps baseball card

1977 Topps baseball card

The Bird was soon the center of everyone’s attention and reporters who couldn’t get near him implored me to intercede on their behalf. They saw that The Bird and I were friendly and knew I was from Detroit.

“I’ll tell you what,” I told them. “If you don’t get a chance to speak to him, you can ask me about him.”

They asked me about him for so long that I didn’t get a chance to interview or take any pictures of players.

Most of the questions dealt with the intelligence of The Bird.

“Very high,” I said. “I felt all along that Fidrych was smart, maybe not the book-learning smart, but sensible smart.” He always had an answer that made sense, to me at least.

When I once asked him what baseball meant to him, he replied: “It’s very simple – either I get them out or they get me out.”

The Bird was out after two innings in the All-Star game as he allowed two runs and four hits.

Fidrych ended the ’76 season with a 19-9 record and a 2.34 ERA, and won the American League Rookie of the Year award.

The 1977 baseball season began seven weeks late for Fidrych, who’d injured his arm in spring training. After losing his first two games, The Bird won six straight and was flying high. However, on July 12 he was forced to leave the game after throwing just 15 pitches because of pain in his right shoulder. Fidrych managed to pitch in only 11 games in 1977, posting a 6-4 record.

But The Bird looked dominant in his 1978 season-opening win before an excited crowd of 52,000 Bird watchers. It looked like 1976 all over again.

Detroit smiled as Fidrych won his second complete game. However, the smile quickly disappeared as arm problems forced an early departure in his third start. He would make one more appearance that season and finish with a 2-0 record and a 2.89 ERA.

Arm problems would continue to plague The Bird’s wing. His 1979 record was 0-3 with a whopping ERA of 10.43. 1980 saw a bit of improvement with a 2-3 record and 5.68 ERA.

Out of baseball, Fidrych returned to his Northborough, Mass. roots and puttered around doing some farming and driving his ten-wheel dump truck hauling gravel.

Happier than ever with his wife Ann (married in 1986) and daughter Jessica, The Bird was enjoying life. The end came on April 13, 2009. He was working under his truck when his clothing became entangled with a spinning power shaft, suffocating the most popular player in Detroit Tigers history.

Irwin Cohen

Netanyahu, Bennett, Open 5777 School Year in Northern Public School

Thursday, September 1st, 2016

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Education Minister Naftali Bennett on Thursday, September 1, 2016, inaugurated the 2016-2017, 5777 school year at the Tamra Haemek public elementary school in Tamra, in the Gilboa Regional Council area. Netanyahu and Bennett were welcomed by the school’s 200 students in Hebrew, Arabic and English.

Prime Minister Netanyahu told the children that when he entered the first grade, “It took me a little while to be able to read the words.” He also told them, “I am truly excited for you. Learn well. Go back home and do what mother and father tell you. May you be successful.”

David Israel

3,500 Year Old Treasures Retrieved from the Sea by Electric Plant Worker

Tuesday, August 23rd, 2016

Metal artifacts, the earliest of which are 3,500 years old, were recently presented to the Israel Antiquities Authority by a family that inherited them from their father who passed away.

The Mazliah family of Givatayim contacted a representative of the IAA and invited him to their home to examine numerous metal artifacts that were in the possession of their father, the late Marcel Mazliah. The family explained that their father, who was employed at the Hadera power station since its construction, retrieved many items from the sea while working there, and they thought the items looked pretty ancient. Indeed, the IAA representatives were surprised by what they found: metal objects, most of which are decorated, that apparently fell overboard from a metal merchant’s ship in the Early Islamic period.

An Israel Antiquities Authority employee examining the finds. Photographic credit: Amir Gorzalczany, Israel Antiquities Authority.

An Israel Antiquities Authority employee examining the finds. Photographic credit: Amir Gorzalczany, Israel Antiquities Authority.

According to Ayala Lester, a curator with the IAA, “The finds include a toggle pin and the head of a knife from the Middle Bronze Age (more than 3,500 years ago). The other items, among them two mortars and two pestles, and fragments of candlesticks, date to the Fatimid period (11th century CE). The items were apparently manufactured in Syria and were brought to Israel. The finds are evidence of the metal trade that was conducted during this period.”

A hand grenade hundreds of years old found at sea. Photographic credit: Amir Gorzalczany, Israel Antiquities Authority.

A hand grenade hundreds of years old found at sea. Photographic credit: Amir Gorzalczany, Israel Antiquities Authority.

Among the many artifacts is a hand grenade that was common in Israel during the Crusader, Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. The first grenades appeared in the Byzantine Empire, not long after the reign of Leo III (717-741). Byzantine soldiers learned that Greek fire, a Byzantine invention of the previous century, could be thrown at the enemy inside stone and ceramic jars. Later, glass containers were employed. The use of Greek fire and other explosives spread to Muslim armies in the Middle East, and reached China by the 10th century.

A short Hebrew Clip. Credit: Amir Gorzalczany, Israel Antiquities Authority.

A short Hebrew Clip. Credit: Amir Gorzalczany, Israel Antiquities Authority.

The Mazliah family will receive a certificate of appreciation from the Israel Antiquities Authority and will be invited to tour the IAA’s laboratories where finds undergo treatment and conservation.

JNi.Media

INTO THE FRAY: Duma-one year (and THREE arson attacks) Later

Sunday, July 31st, 2016

“I saw Sa’ad and Reham burning on the ground. Next to them were TWO masked men, one beside each of them. They were dressed in jeans and black long-sleeved shirts…“Their faces were covered with a balaclava, with only the mouth and eyes visible. The street light shone directly on them. I was horrified by what I saw. They saw me and I was frightened and ran back home. I told my brother Bishar to get help and returned to Sa’ad’s house where I no longer saw the TWO masked men – Eye-witness account of Duma arson attack by Ibrahim Dawabsheh, a relative of the victims, Amira Hass, Haaretz, July 31, 2015.

According to the charge sheet, [on] the night of the attack on the Dawabsheh home, Ben-Uliel decided to proceed with the arson ALONE…He allegedly searched for a home that was inhabited and used his first firebomb on a two-storey building that turned out to be uninhabited. He then proce[e]ded to the Dawabshehs’ home, prepared his firebomb in the yard and spray-painted graffiti on the walls, before throwing the firebomb into the house and fleeing on foot. –Chaim Levinson and Barak Ravid, Haaretz Jan. 3, 2016.

A year ago—almost to the day—on July 31, 2015, the entire country was horrified by reports of three members of the Dawabsheh family from the village of Duma being burnt to death in an arson attack on their home. Graffiti, in Hebrew script painted on the walls of the burnt out residence, led to the precipitous conclusion that the act was committed by “Jewish terrorists”. Since that deplorable attack, at least three more houses of the Dawabsheh clan have been torched –as were two prior to it–without any hint of involvement of “Jewish extremists.

But more on that later

Rabid reverse racism?

The ghastly tragedy ignited a flurry of self-righteous handwringing and sanctimonious self-recrimination across wide sections of Israeli society—and almost all sections of the mainstream media. In a stroke, all external threats to the nation faded into near insignificance. Attention was no longer focused on the looming specter of a nuclear Iran, or the threat of radical Islam pressing against the country’s beleaguered frontiers. Suddenly the existential threat facing Israel was that of “Jewish terror”—the “menace” of a few dozen, marginalized, scraggly youth that inhabit the desolate windswept hilltops of Judea-Samaria.

Without a shred of evidence to corroborate their accusations, journalist after journalist seemed to compete in the levels of acrimony in which they attacked the assumed perpetrators. With unquestioning confidence–as unequivocal as it was unsubstantiated–regarding the collective identity of the perpetrators, and the collective guilt of Israeli society at large for the heinous nature of the act, they launched into a savage frenzy of self-flagellation.

Thus, barely two days after the arson attack, in an astounding piece of rabid reverse racism entitled “We’re no better than our enemies”, Yediot Aharonot’s Sima Kadmon lamented: “…let

no one say that this is a lone incident… Jewish terrorists are just the messengers; there is a well-oiled system of incitement behind them… it’s time to tell the truth, the heartbreaking but inevitable one: After a generation of right-wing rule, we have developed a race…[n]ot proud, not generous, but definitely cruel…”

“Israelis identical with ISIS”

In a flash, all distinction between Israelis and ISIS was erased.

Think I am exaggerating? Think again! Here is a sampling of the” anguished” soul-searching that became the fashionable journalistic ritual in the mainstream media.

On the very night of the dreadful crime, Ynetnews’s Ron Ben Yishai had already solved the case. In “How to stop Jewish jihad” he determined–definitively “…this is religious-messianic terrorism, committed by people who view themselves as acting according to God’s true will. In simpler words – this is Jewish jihadism, identical in every detail to Islamic jihadism”.

In her previously mentioned piece, Sima Kadmon concurred in “agonized” agreement: “It’s over. If we thought it couldn’t happen among us, that we’re not like that, that Jews don’t do such things, that only they can murder children, go into houses and shoot a baby point blank, burn families, execute murderous terror – that’s it, it’s over. We are, we can and we do. Burn children alive, execute murderous, inhuman, incomprehensible terror. And no, we’re no better than them.”

And then there was the ever-egregious Gideon Levy, the every-day Judeophobe’s dream-come-true, who, a day after the tragedy, published in Haaretz a collective condemnation, headlined “All Israelis are guilty of setting a Palestinian family on fire” According to Levy: Israelis stab gay people and burn children. There isn’t a shred of slander, the slightest degree of exaggeration, in this dry description…”

It did not take long for this barrage to bear bitter fruit. Panicked by the media assault, the political echelons and the security forces threw due process to the wind.

“Little but accusations of thought-crimes”?

Within days, administrative arrests were made. Meir Ettinger, Eviatar Slonim, and Mordechai Meir were incarcerated without trial, reportedly on suspicion of involvement in the Duma arson.

The arrests were accompanied by ominous warnings of the impending perils to the nation, entailed in the nefarious deeds, both past and planned, of the detainees, who were held incommunicado for extended periods, without any specific charges being brought against them. Persistent rumors of the use of harsh interrogation techniques abounded—but no charges were ever brought.

One after the other, the detainees were eventually released- Meir in early January, Slonim early February, and Ettinger in June this year. The case of Ettinger particularly reeks of needless mean-spiritedness. In April, in a ruling upheld by the Supreme Court, he was denied—after months in detention—permission to attend the circumcision ceremony (brit mila) of his newly born son. The grounds for the denial were that he still remained “a security threat to the public”. Yet barely a month later, it was announced that he would be released—without charge!

In a disturbing review of the Ettinger episode, Tablet’s Liel Leibovitz wrote : “Having met with government officials as well as friends and family members, and having extensively reviewed Ettinger’s public and private writing alike, I’ve found plenty that might upset people who do not share his politics but nothing to suggest that the mystically-minded smiling young man had any concrete involvement whatsoever in planning or carrying out any concrete attacks against anyone. He added, damningly: “In fact, it is hard, reviewing the evidence, not to conclude that the charges against Ettinger amount to little else but accusations of thought-crimes”.

Deafening silence

The fate of the detainees—unsurprisingly but depressingly—has led to little or no outrage from the usually strident defenders of human rights. Indeed, what is looking increasingly like draconian abuse of power, arbitrary violation of civil liberties and a troubling incarceration for little more than “thought crimes” has been greeted with deafening silence by the vociferous chorus of left-leaning voices, always eager to denounce any hint of excess use of governmental power.

Indeed, later developments are not more reassuring.

In early December 2015, the Israeli authorities detained 21 year old Aviram Ben-Uliel, by administrative arrest. After keeping silent for almost 3 weeks, Ben-Uliel was, for reasons yet unclear, declared a “ticking time bomb” (i.e. a source of clear and present danger), and subjected to torture to extract a confession. On the basis of this confession, an indictment was filed (January 3, 2016) against him—and another unnamed minor, charged with aiding Ben-Uliel, but not of actually perpetrating the arson. Based on the confession obtained under duress—which he subsequently retracted—the indictment against Ben-Uliel is troubling for a number of reasons. For as Chaim Levinson of Haaretz points out, it is significantly at odds with the eyewitness accounts of what took place on the night of the lethal arson.

Disturbing discrepancies

All of these accounts refer to multiple assailants—at least two— as reflected in the opening excerpt from Ibrahim Dawabsheh, described as a “key witness” in the case. Yet in the confession-based indictment, Ben-Uliel is accused of acting alone!

Moreover, initial accounts mention the use of a motor vehicle—and some arrests were even made on the basis of those accounts – see “Jewish terror suspects indicted, but convictions, if any, will be long in the making” – Haartez, January 4, 2016.

Accordingly, it is difficult to resist raising the troubling question that, if the initial determinations in this case (multiple perpetrators, involvement of a motor vehicle) have apparently proved “unfounded”, could it not be within the bounds of possibility that other aspects of the original assumptions might prove equally unfounded, including not only the number of assailants, and their mode of mobility, but also their identity, and even, heaven forfend… their ethnicity?

In the past I have dealt extensively with the Duma arson (i.e. the July 2015 one, as opposed to all the other previous-and subsequent-ones). I warned against:

(a) Drawing any equivalence between ideo-politically motivated crimes by Jewish extremists, and the Arab/Islamic terror Israel faces today—and hence between the measures that should be used to contend with them; and

(b) The almost Pavlovian-reflex to presume Jewish guilt in the lethal torching of the Dawabsheh home.

Jewish hate crimes and vandalism are NOT terrorism (8/6/2015); Trivializing ‘terror’(8/13/2015); Why now? The hypocritical hullabaloo over Jewish ‘terror’ (8/20/2015); Duma, ‘dirty dancing’ & deeply disturbing detention (12/31/2015); Presumption of guilt (1/7/2016); Jewish ‘terror’ – A guide for the perplexed (1/14/2016).

Drawing distinctions

I have little doubt that the arguments I raised then are still valid today. Accordingly, I would urge readers to review my analyses as to why it is imperative to draw a qualitative distinction between Arab terrorism and the terrorist organizations that perpetrate it, on the one hand, and the groups of Jewish radical religious renegades, on the other – as well as the detrimental consequences such misplaced parallels entail for Israel.

Likewise, I argued that state use of draconian extra-judicial powers – such as administrative detention without charge, holding detainees incommunicado for months and the denial of “due process” – may well be justified when dealing with threats involving state/quasi-state/state-backed foes, with massive budgets and international reach.

This, however, is certainly not the case when the alleged menace emanates from minuscule groups of youngsters in their teens (or barely out of them), marginal and marginalized not only in Israeli society at large, but in much of their closer societal environs as well, with no international reach and only the most meager of resources at their disposal. Of course I do not know if Ben-Uliel is guilty as charged. But one thing is certain: he is no Bin

Laden, or Hassan Nasrallah—and the measures needed to contend with him, or any group he may be affiliated with, are–or should be–very different from those needed to contend with the likes of Bin Laden/Nasrallah, their organizations or their minions.

What you need to believe

But to give credence to the claim that Ben-Uliel is indeed guilty as charged, what do you necessarily have to believe?

Well, you would have to believe that: Ben Uliel, a recently married man and the father of an infant girl, without any special forces training:

(a) had the “cojones” and the skill, not only to walk over five kilometers –late at night—unnoticed, to reach the village;

(b) but that he by-passed numerous, more-exposed, alternative targets on the outskirts of the village;

(c) that he managed to infiltrate, undetected and unarmed, into the center of a unfriendly village;

(d) set one uninhabited building ablaze;

(e) then, still undetected, sprayed copious amounts of paint to write the incriminating Hebrew graffiti;

(f) then torched the Dawabsheh home; and

(g) finally, make a phantom-like escape, exiting the village without trace, never mind being apprehended, leaving no trail or clue to indicate where he had vanished to—all this entirely on his own!!

Is that really credible??!!

But that’s not all. If Ben-Uliel was merely looking for a random Arab target, why would he not choose a house on the outskirts of the village rather than one in the center, making escape easier? And why would he choose Duma –a village in which the Dawabsheh clan’s homes were being regularly targeted anyway? Perhaps under “enhanced interrogation,” he came up with a plausible answer?

These are troubling questions. One year—and three unsolved arson attacks—later, they are questions that must be faced.

Dr. Martin Sherman

High School Students Help Discover a Unique 1,600 Year Old Pottery Workshop in the Galilee

Wednesday, July 27th, 2016

By Michael Zeff/TPS

Galilee (TPS) – High school students assisting an Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) archaeological survey discovered an ancient Roman pottery workshop in the Western Galilee.

“We have been conducting a large scale survey and excavations in the town of Shlomi at the request of the local municipal council and the Israel Lands Authority for the past six months, ” IAA geologist Anastasia Shapiro told Tazpit Press Service (TPS). “We unearthed an impressive factory for the manufacturing of jars, urns, and various vessels as part of the project.”

According to Israeli law, IAA experts must conduct an archaeological survey of any construction site before issuing approval to begin building on it.

The pottery factory, which includes a unique kiln, storehouses, water basins, and mosaic floors, was dated by the IAA to the late Roman Period, roughly 1,600 years ago.

“The kiln, which was only recently discovered, is the ‘cherry on top’ for this excavation,” Shapiro explained to TPS. “As archaeologists, we have encountered many ancient kilns, but they were all built or constructed out of stone. This one, however, is the first to be discovered that was actually excavated into the rock.”

According to Shapiro, it is very rare to discover a complete kiln as they tend to break or be destroyed with time. In this case, the entire structure of the kiln has been preserved as it is made out of one piece of solid rock.

“There is no other known discovery like this. It is simply one of a kind,” said Shapiro.

IAA archaeologists also concluded that the pottery workshop itself was an important, thriving one. The ceramic debris that was discovered around the kiln indicates that two types of vessels were manufactured by the workshop–storage jars that could be transported overland and amphorae that were used to store wine or oil to be exported from Israel by sea.

The discovery was aided by a large group of high school students from neighboring communities and from the cities of Nahariya and Qiryat Bialik.

“The students who volunteered on this project since May exposed the walls of the ancient workshop prior to the discovery of the kiln itself, as well as other features of the complex, such as water holes and mosaic floors,” explained Shapiro.

The students who assisted in the discovery were part of a large group of students who have been participating in archeological excavations in six different sites around the Galilee. The Ministry of Education has been encouraging Israeli teens to enhance their education outside of the classroom in order to increase student involvement in various public projects in neighboring communities.

“One can learn a lot during a history lesson in school, but there’s nothing like actually holding history in one’s hands,” Gilad Zinamon, an IAA education coordinator, told TPS.

TPS / Tazpit News Agency

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/breaking-news/high-school-students-help-discover-a-unique-1600-year-old-pottery-workshop-in-the-galilee/2016/07/27/

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