web analytics
July 1, 2015 / 14 Tammuz, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

An Outcast
‘He Shall Dwell Outside His Tent’
(Moed Katan 7b)

 

The Gemara discusses the laws of the metzorah, including the obligation to distance him from the camp of Israel. The Torah states, “All the days that his affliction is upon him, he will be impure. He shall sit alone; outside the camp will be his place” (Vayikra 13:46).

When Bnei Yisrael traveled through the Sinai Desert, they were divided into three encampments: Machaneh Kehuna – where the Mishkan was erected; Machaneh Leviya – where the Leviim lived; and Machaneh Yisrael – where the rest of the Jewish people lived. The metzorah was banned from all three encampments. When Bnei Yisrael arrived in Eretz Yisrael, the metzorah was banned from walled cities, but he was allowed to remain in non-walled cities.

The Gemara explains that in order not to impinge upon the metzorah’s mitzvah to rejoice during festivals, the kohanim would not check a person for indications of tzara’as during a mo’ed. That way, no one could be diagnosed with tzara’as and be forced to dwell alone outside the city.

One would think that this ruling would not apply to a resident of a non-walled city. After all, even if he were diagnosed with tzara’as, he would still be able stay home for Yom Tov. Why, then, should a kohen refrain from examining him? And yet, no hint of this exception for residents of non-walled cities is found anywhere in Shas.

Rabbi Yechiel Michel Epstein zt”l, author of Aruch Hashulchan, wrote a fascinating companion set entitled Aruch Hashulchan Ha’asid,a compendium of halachos that will become relevant after Mashiach comes and the Beis Hamikdash is rebuilt. There, he discusses the laws of tzara’as, and presents a novel chiddush. He writes that although a metzorah may remain in a non-walled city, he may not associate with other people there, as the Torah says, “He shall dwell alone.” Accordingly, we can well understand why even in a non-walled city, kohanim refrain from examining people for tzara’as during a mo’ed.

 

The Four MetzorahsFrom Shomron

When the Gemara talks about walled cities in reference to the laws of redeeming sold property and the laws of reading megillah, it refers specifically to cities that were walled in the time of Yehoshua (Megillah 2b, 3b, Rambam, Hilchos Shemita 12:15). The Bartenura (Keilim 1:7) writes that the same condition applies to the laws of metzorahs. A metzorah only needs to leave a city that was walled from the time of Yehoshua. This is the opinion of many Rishonim (Rashi and Rosh on Keilim, ibid; Tosefos, Arachin 32b; Rashi on Megillah 10b, Shavuos 16a; see Mishneh L’melech, Hilchos Beis Habechira 7:13).

The Rambam writes that a metzora must leave a walled city in Eretz Yisrael. He does not add the proviso that this law only applies to cities that were walled during the time of Yehoshua. Some people therefore argue that the Rambam disagrees with the Rishonim cited above (see Haksav V’Hakabbala, Vayikra 14:40).

In the Haftorah for Parshas Metzorah, we learn about four metzorahswho were sent out of the city of Shomron (II Melachim 7:3). Shomron was built by Imri, the father of King Achav, many years after Yehoshua (see I Melachim, 16:24). Nevertheless the metzorahswere forced to leave the city. This incident seems to serve as proof for the position of the Rambam.

 

Who Built Shomron?

To defend the other Rishonim, Rabbi Akiva Eiger (Keilim, ibid) suggests that perhaps Imri did not really build Shomron. Perhaps it had already existed from the time of Yehoshua, but Imri fortified it and made it into his capital city.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
investing-in-gold_4548807_lrg
What Sanctions? Iran Receives 13 Tons of Gold From S. Africa
Latest Judaism Stories
Rebbetzin Esther Jungreis

To my dismay, I’ve seen that shidduch candidates with money become ALL desirable traits for marriage

800px-Gustav_Jaeger_Bileam_Engel

Bil’am’s character is complex and nuanced; neither purely good nor purely evil.

Staum-062615

Amalek, our ultimate foe, understood that when unified, we are invincible and indestructible.

Torat-Hakehillah-logo-NEW

Perhaps on a deeper level, the mitzvah of parah adumah at this junction was not just to purify the body, but the spirit as well.

Halacha isn’t random; it’s a mechanism guiding individuals and society to a higher ethical plateau.

Question: Should we wash our hands in the bathroom with soap and water, or by pouring water from a vessel with handles three times, alternating hands? I have heard it said that a vessel is used only in the morning upon awakening. What are the rules pertaining to young children? What is the protocol if no vessel is available? Additionally, may we dry our hands via an electric dryer?

Harry Koenigsberg
(Via E-Mail)

Less clear, however, is whether the concept applies to the area of civil law such as the law of transfer of property.

The greatest of men, Moshe, had to wait for Hashem to sprinkle purifying waters on Bnei Yisrael to mark the conclusion of the period of death.

My Plate, My Food
‘My Loaf Is Forbidden To You’
(Nedarim 34b)

Of Chukkim “Satan and the nations of the world made fun.” They may appear irrational & superstitious

I realized from this story that I was sent as a messenger from above. Hashem has many helpers in this world to help do his work.

Tosafos answers that nevertheless the sprinkling is a part of his taharah process.

“What difference does that make?” replied Shraga. “What counts is the agreement that we made. I said two hundred fifty and you accepted.”

Zaidie’s legacy of smiles and loving words was all but buried with him, now the family fights over $

Israel’s complaining frustrated Moshe, making it increasingly hard for him to lead effectively

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

My Plate, My Food
‘My Loaf Is Forbidden To You’
(Nedarim 34b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Not As An Asmachta?
“An Asmachta [In Beis Din] Does Acquire”
(Nedarim 27b)

Ulla’s Murderous Companion
‘Yes! Cut Him Even Deeper’
(Nedarim 22a)

An Enduring Text
‘If One Vows By The Torah…’
(Nedarim 14b)

Casting A Doubt
‘Shall We Say [They] Are Not Valid?’
(Nedarim 5a-7a)

The Honor Of Reading The Kesubah
‘Witnesses Sign Only After Reading…’
(Kesubos 109a)

Twice Promised
“Such And Such [I Give My Son]…”
(Kesubos 102b)

Seller’s Remorse
‘He Sold Because He Ostensibly Needed The Funds’
(Ketubbot 97a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-142/2014/08/14/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: