web analytics
January 29, 2015 / 9 Shevat, 5775
 
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Kotel And The Mall
‘Sratya u’Platya’
(Eruvin 7a)

Our daf concerns the subject of eruvin. Let us apply some of the halachos of eruvin to contemporary situations.

Two types of reshus harabim discussed in the Gemara are sratya and platya. Rashi (Shabbos 6a s.v. “sratya u’platya”) explains that a platya is a town square where merchants gather to sell their wares while a sratya is a public road. The Chacham Tzvi writes (Teshuvos 37) in the name of the Rashba that although the Gemara permits carrying in a reshus harabim if it is closed off by gates at night, this leniency does not apply to a platya. He explains that a sratya is mostly used by its residents. Therefore, it loses its reshus harabim status when it is closed off. A platya, however, is used equally by anyone who wishes to gather there. Therefore, it retains its reshus harabim status even if it is closed off by gates.

Private or Public?

The Chacham Tzvi regarded this ruling as an astounding chiddush which was not mentioned in any of the other commentaries he had available to him. Since the Chacham Tzvi’s time, however, the commentary of the Meiri (a rishon) has been printed, and he writes that closed gates do not permit carrying in a platya (Shabbos 6a). Furthermore, in his commentary to the Mishnayos, the Vilna Gaon also concurs with this opinion (introduction to Shnos Eliyahu). According to these opinions, an eruv does not permit carrying in a public square.

Shopping Malls

Based on this halachic position, one would seemingly not be able to carry in an enclosed shopping mall even if an eruv surrounded it. The Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchosa, however, rules that enclosed shopping malls cannot be considered a reshus harabim since they’re covered with roofs. Therefore, one is permitted to carry within them.

City streets in shopping districts are also not examples of a platya since the stores in which people make their purchases are considered separate from the street.

Carrying at the Kotel

Based on the Rashba’s opinion, Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, zt”l, thought that the kotel should perhaps be considered a platya and therefor a place in which one is not allowed to carry – despite the Jerusalem eruv. Unlike a shopping mall, the kotel plaza has no roof. Rabbi Auerbach concludes, however, that the designation of “platya” only applies to commercial areas. Since the kotel plaza is not a commercial town square, G-d forbid, carrying there is permitted (Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchosa 17).

The above discussion is based on the interpretation of the Rashba that carrying in a platya is always forbidden. The Chayei Adam, however, interprets the Rashba otherwise. He writes that even the Rashba would agree that a platya surrounded by four walls loses its reshus harabim status (Nishmas Adam 49:2). Since the kotel is surrounded by Jerusalem’s walls, we have another reason to permit carrying there.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
IDF soldiers evacuating wounded near northern border town of Ghajar.
Northern Golan Heights Declared Closed Military Zone
Latest Judaism Stories
Tissot_The_Waters_Are_Divided

Leading by example must be visible, regarding where, when and how-like Nachshon entering the Red Sea

Torah-Hakehillah-121914

Rabbi Yaakov Nagen, a Ram at Yeshivat Otniel, notes that the verse is suggesting that retelling the story of the Exodus is so important that Hashem is performing ever-greater miracles specifically so that parents can tell their stories to future generations.

Parshat Bo

Before performing the 10th plague God makes a fundamental argument about the ultimate nature of justice.

Daf-Yomi-logo

Life Before The Printed Word
‘A Revi’is Of Blood’
(Yevamos 114a-b)

How is it possible that the clothing was more valuable to them than gold or silver?

Question: If Abraham was commanded to circumcise his descendants on the eighth day, why do Arabs – who claim to descend from Abraham through Yishmael – wait until their children are 13 to circumcise them? I am aware that this is a matter of little consequence to our people. Nevertheless, this inconsistency is one that piques my curiosity.

M. Goldman
(Via E-mail)

“It means that the disqualification of relatives as witnesses is a procedural issue, not a question of honesty,” explained Rabbi Dayan.

Property ownership is an extremely important and fundamental right and principle according to the Torah.

The tenderest description of the husband/wife relationship is “re’im v’ahuvim/loving, kind friends”

And if a person can take steps to perform the mitzvah, he should do so (even if he won’t be held accountable for not performing it due to circumstances beyond his control).

Suddenly, she turns to me and says, “B’emet, I need to thank you, you made me excited to come back to Israel.”

Pesach is called “zikaron,” a Biblical term used describing an object eliciting a certain memory

Recouping $ and assets from Germans and Swiss for their Holocaust actions is rooted in the Exodus

Pharaoh perverted symbols of life (the Nile and midwives) into agents of death.

I think that we have to follow the approach of the Tannaim and Amoraim. They followed the latest scientific developments of their time.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Life Before The Printed Word
‘A Revi’is Of Blood’
(Yevamos 114a-b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Mitzvah Or Kinyan?
‘Both Shall Have Intention At The Same Time’
(Yevamos 102b)

A Kohen Of Choice
‘A Deaf-Mute, A Mentally Challenged Person, A Minor…’
(Yevamos 99b)

A Posted Picture Saves The Day
‘In Order To Avoid Igun…’
(Yevamos 88a)

Reward And Punishment
‘Masser Rishon For The levi’im’
(Yevamos 86a)

Fetal Immersion?
‘The Fetus Is A Limb Of Its Mother’
(Yevamos 78a)

No Fault Lines
‘…His Father And Mother Were In Prison…’
(Yevamos 71b)

The Daughters Are Mine, The Sons Are Mine
‘Grandchildren Are like Children’
(Yevamos 62b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-68/2013/03/13/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: