web analytics
July 22, 2014 / 24 Tammuz, 5774
Israel at War: Operation Protective Edge
 
 
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
IDC Advocacy Room IDC Fights War on Another Front

Student Union opens ‘hasbara’ room in effort to fill public diplomacy vacuum.



4 For 100


Business-Halacha-logo

In commemoration of 19 Kislev, the anniversary of the release of the Ba’al HaTanya, the first Lubavitcher Rebbe, from prison in Russia about 150 years ago, a sale of chassidic sefarim took place in Yerushalayim. Sefarim were sold at a flat rate of 4 for 100 NIS. Sefarim were not sold individually for 25 NIS, but only in sets of four. Discs of chassidic music were also sold. People thronged from all over Israel to take advantage of this opportunity.

Menachem was interested in purchasing two discs. “Do you know anyone going to the sefarim sale?” he asked his friend, Mendel.

“I plan to be going,” replied Mendel. “Do you want me to buy something for you?”

“I’d like two discs,” said Menachem. “That should be 50 NIS.”

“That will help me,” said Mendel. “I want nine sefarim. I’ll get one extra sefer and fill in the remaining 50.” Menachem gave Mendel 50 NIS to cover the purchase of the two discs.

That afternoon, Mendel headed to Yerushalayim. He browsed the sefarim and chose ten: eight for his own 200 NIS and two to fill in Menachem’s order. He then went to get the discs for Menachem, and was pleased to see that the two discs counted only as one sefer.

“Great!” Mendel said. “I can get an additional, free sefer for myself.”

He added an eleventh sefer to his cart.

When Mendel returned, he gave the discs to Menachem. “Thank you,” said Menachem. “What sefarim did you buy?”

Mendel showed him the sefarim. “I bought a new nine-volume edition of Sfas Emes, and two other sefarim.”

“That’s eleven sefarim?” asked Menachem, puzzled.

“I turned out that your two discs counted as a single sefer,” replied Mendel, “so I was able to get another one for myself.”

“What do you mean for yourself?” said Menachem. “Give me the 25 NIS change!”

“But we agreed that you were going to pay 50 for the two discs,” said Mendel. “If it turned out less – my gain!”

“Why?” argued Menachem. “I simply made a mistake; they cost only 25.”

“Look, I only agreed to add 50,” countered Mendel. “I don’t know that I would have spent another 75. Anyway, you couldn’t have gotten the discs for 25. They sold only in groups of 100. If not for my other 50, your discs alone would still cost 100!”

“By the same logic, your sefarim would also have cost 100,” retorted Menachem. “They required my discs.”

“I wonder what Rabbi Dayan has to say about this,” said Mendel. “Let’s ask him.”

“You should split the cost of the third sefer,” answered Rabbi Dayan, “but there might have been a better way to deal with the situation.”

“Why shouldn’t I be entitled to the full 25 back?” asked Menachem.

“Had it been possible to purchase the discs alone for 25 NIS, Mendel would have to return the full 25 to you,” explained Rabbi Dayan. “He was simply your agent to purchase the discs. Even though you gave him 50, because you thought that was the cost – if they cost only 25, you’re entitled to the remainder.”

“However, Mendel correctly pointed out that the discs alone could not be purchased for 25 without his sefarim,” continued Rabbi Dayan. “At the same time, the two sefarim that Mendel wanted to buy could also not be purchased for 50, or even 75, without your discs. Between your money for the discs and his money for two sefarim, you were entitled to a fourth sefer.”

“So why split it?” asked Mendel.

“There are two reasons,” replied Rabbi Dayan. “First, the Gemara (Kesuvos 93a-b) discusses the case of two people who were partners in an endeavor and the capital of both was necessary to earn profit. The Gemara rules to split the profit equally. Some explain that this applies even if not equal shares in the capital, especially if the profit is a single item not fit to divide. [C.M. 176:5; Pischei Teshuvah 176:3; Pischei Choshen, Shutfim 3:17.]

About the Author: Rabbi Meir Orlian is a faculty member of the Business Halacha Institute, headed by HaRav Chaim Kohn, a noted dayan. To receive BHI’s free newsletter, Business Weekly, send an e-mail to subscribe@businesshalacha.com. For questions regarding business halacha issues, or to bring a BHI lecturer to your business or shul, call the confidential hotline at 877-845-8455 or e-mail ask@businesshalacha.com.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “4 For 100”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
Newly completed control tower at Ben Gurion Airport in Tel Aviv. June 2, 2014
US and European Flights to Israel Cancelled Due to Rockets
Latest Judaism Stories
PTI-071814

Perhaps, just perhaps, we can relate to this: whenever we feel distant from Hashem, that is the Churban.

Parshat Matot

Over the next 2 weeks covering portion Matot and Maasei, Rabbi Fohrman will bring order to confusion.

Lessons-Emunah-logo

Our home is in the center of the Holy Land, surrounded by (what else?) green hills and valleys.

Business-Halacha-logo

“Sound fine,” said Mrs. Schwartz. “In the middle, paint their names, Shoshana and Yehonasan. He spells his name Yehonasan with a hei and is very particular about it!”

Question: I recently returned from a trip abroad and wanted to say HaGomel. When I mentioned this to the officers of my synagogue, however, they told me – as per the instructions of the synagogue’s rabbi – that I would have to wait until Shabbos to do so. I was not given any reason for this and did not wish to display my ignorance, so I quietly acquiesced. Can you please explain why I had to wait?

Name Withheld
(Via E-Mail)

We may not recognize the adverse affect of eating forbidden foods, but they leave an indelible imprint.

There are several rules that one must adhere to when making a neder.

Important message for Jews in the Diaspora: In times of need run to Israel rather than from Israel.

The negotiation between Moses and the tribes of Reuven and Gad is a model of conflict resolution.

Once again we find ourselves alone – a little lamb among wolves.

When we return to our routines, things don’t have to go back to exactly the way they were.

The Three Weeks determines the “who we are and how we live” as Jews.

Sometimes when Chazal say that two different people are really one, they do not mean it literally, but rather figuratively.

The midrash says that Pinchas, (this parsha), and Eliyahu, prophet of Kings, are one and the same.

More Articles from Rabbi Meir Orlian
Business-Halacha-logo

“Sound fine,” said Mrs. Schwartz. “In the middle, paint their names, Shoshana and Yehonasan. He spells his name Yehonasan with a hei and is very particular about it!”

Business-Halacha-logo

“It is sometimes possible through hataras nedarim, nullification of vows,” replied Rabbi Dayan, “but it’s not simple for charity pledges.

Mr. Haber called Rabbi Dayan. “We sold various household items, including my bicycle, the refrigerator and some professional tools with the expectation of being relocated,” he said. “It turns out we’re staying. Can I annul those sales?”

“You cannot restrain Ari from building a fence on his property,” answered Rabbi Dayan.

“I would understand if I became sick and could not finish,” said Mr. Braun. “But here it was my choice to stop the work and go take care of my mother.”

“David is also entitled, since he is also learning,” Moshe replied. “He’ll be back in a few minutes. Anyway, I’m on a diet and didn’t take one for myself, so I don’t see any problem taking for him.”

Shlomo called Rabbi Dayan. “I lent someone money, and he now denies the loan,” he began. “If the opportunity presents itself, am I allowed to grab money from him?”

“I have no doubt you should pay the full value of the repair,” replied Zvi, “but I’m willing to ask Rabbi Dayan how much you owe.”

    Latest Poll

    Israel's Iron Dome Anti-Missile System:





    View Results

    Loading ... Loading ...

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/4-for-100/2013/12/05/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: