web analytics
August 29, 2014 / 3 Elul, 5774
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat (L) visits the JewishPress.com booth at The Event. And the Winners of the JewishPress.com Raffle Are…

Congratulations to all the winners of the JewishPress.com raffle at The Event



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

A Cakewalk
‘Through It The Water Trickled Out’
(Shekalim 17a)

Our daf discusses the interpretation of several pesukim describing water in Jerusalem that will flow, in the future, from the Holy of Holies to beyond the borders of Israel. The Gemara talks about several streams of water and their distance from the Beis Hamikdash, as well as their applicable use for mikva’ot and sacrifices. The weather in Israel, especially Jerusalem, can change. While water will flow in the winter as well as in the summer, it may freeze, thus limiting its use.

At the height of winter the rivers of many European countries freeze and people find walking on the solid ice surface a cakewalk. Poskim debate whether to consider a frozen river a pit with sides or ordinary solid ground. This debate has implications for, among other things, eruvin. A river surrounding a town can serve as a separation (mechitzah) and as an eruv as long as its banks are high enough – at least 10 handbreadths. (see Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 363:29; Mishnah Berurah, ibid.).

Frozen Water

The Chasam Sofer was staying in the city of Dreznitz one winter, and the local river froze. To the surprise of the local rav, the Chasam Sofer did not protest when people continued carrying on Shabbos, relying on the river as a mechitzah. The Chasam Sofer explained to the rav that, in his opinion, ice is like water. A pit 10 handbreadths high is a mechitzah whether it is filled with water or ice. He deduced this halacha from the Gemara (Menachos 55a) as follows:

Hey! They Shrunk The Figs

A person may use dried figs to separate terumos and ma’aseros for fresh figs (provided they both were produced in the same year). The Gemara says this is the din because “he can soak them and cause them to return to their previous plump state.” From this Gemara, the Chasam Sofer deduces that temporary states do not affect the permanent nature of an object. Dried figs are considered like plump figs. Similarly, ice – which comes from water and turns again into water once it melts – is considered water. Thus, a pit filled with ice is just like a pit filled with water. As long as its banks are 10 handbreadths tall, it can serve as a mechitzah (Responsa Chasam Sofer Vol. I, Orach Chayim 89; see ibid. for other proofs; his opinion is cited in the Mishnah Berurah, ibid., s.k. 121; see ad loc. about the Acharonim disagreeing about the issue; see also Magen Avraham, Taz and Even Ha’ezer).

The Chasam Sofer supports his position with an interesting proof. The Gemara (Eruvin 22b) suggests considering the whole world a private domain (reshus hayachid) since it is surrounded by oceans with seashores that could be considered mechitzot. And yet we know that it is not considered a private domain. The Taz remarks that sea water does not freeze and does not annul the mechitza. The Chasam Sofer, however, points out that the seas in the North Pole and South Pole regions do freeze. Yet, nonetheless, the Gemara considers the possibility that these shores serve as a mechitzah.

Frozen Waste

The Chasam Sofer applies his logic to frozen human waste as well. The Magen Avraham (Orach Chayim 82, s.k 2) permits reciting Kerias Shema next to frozen tzo’ah which, because of the cold, doesn’t exude an odor. However, the Chasam Sofer (ibid., and in his remarks on Shulchan Aruch, O.Ch. 82) disagrees. He argues that the halachic status of tzo’ah stays the same. Its temporary frozen state is irrelevant; once it thaws, it will smell again. Therefore, one may not say Krias Shema in its vicinity.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
ISIS in Quneitra
Updates from Kuneitra, Syria [video]
Latest Judaism Stories
Taste-of-Lomdus-logo

First, how could a beis din of 23 judges present a guilty verdict in a capital punishment case? After all, only a majority of the 23 judges ruled in favor of his verdict.

Of paramount importance is that both the king and his people realize that while he is the leader, he is still a subject of God.

Daf-Yomi-logo

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Questions-Answers-logo

Question: The Gemara in Berachot states that the sages authored our prayers. Does that mean we didn’t pray beforehand?

Menachem
Via Email

When a person feels he can control the destiny of other people, he runs the risk of feeling self-important, significant, and mighty.

Needless to say, it was done and they formed a great relationship as his friend and mentor. He started attending services and volunteered his time all along putting on tefillin.

He took me to a room filled with computer equipment and said, “You pray here for as long as you want.” I couldn’t believe my ears.

On Friday afternoon, Dov called Kalman. “Please make sure to return the keys for the car on Motzaei Shabbos,” he said. “We have a bris on Sunday morning and we’re all going. We also need the roof luggage bag.”

On Chol HaMoed some work is prohibited and some is permitted. According to some opinions, the work prohibition is biblical; according to others, it’s rabbinical.

If there is a mitzvas minuy dayanim in the Diaspora, then why is there a difference between Israel and the Diaspora in the number of judges and their distribution?

Judaism is a religion of love but also a religion of justice, for without justice, love corrupts.

The time immediately preceding Mashiach’s arrival is likened to the birth pangs of a woman in labor.

Eisenhower understood that motivated men will fight much harder and longer than unmotivated men.

Who does not want to get close to Hashem? Yet, how do we do that?

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Untimely News
‘A Mourner Is Forbidden To Wear Shoes…’
(Mo’ed Katan 20b)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Discretion
‘Vendors Of Fruits And Clothing…May Sell In Private’
(Mo’ed Katan 13b)

An Outcast
‘He Shall Dwell Outside His Tent’
(Moed Katan 7b)

Pondering A Kapandria
“It Should Not Be Used As A Shortcut”
(Megillah 29a)

The Gender Factor
‘Where There Is Loss Of Work…
Three Are Called To The Torah’
(Megillah 22b)

Hallel On Purim?
“Its Reading Is Its Praise”
(Megillah 14a)

Ancient Cities, Ancient Walls
(Megillah 3b-4a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-101/2013/10/31/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: