web analytics
December 26, 2014 / 4 Tevet, 5775
 
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post
8000 meals Celebrate Eight Days of Chanukah – With 8,000 Free Meals Daily to Israel’s Poor

Join Meir Panim’s campaign to “light up” Chanukah for families in need.



Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Waiting For Kiddush
‘Mazal Bears No Influence…’
(Shabbos 156a)

The Gemara on our daf states that a person’s nature and destiny is influenced by the arrangement of the planets and stars on the day he was born. R. Chanina says, for example, that an individual born during the hour when Mars is “dominant” is destined to spill blood. R. Ashi explains, however, that this does not necessarily mean that he will be a murderer. If he wishes, he can channel his natural tendency for spilling blood for productive purposes and can choose a career as a surgeon, shochet, or mohel.

The Gemara cites a dispute as to whether or not the celestial bodies influence Jews, or only non-Jews. R. Chanina asserts “yesh mazal l’yisrael” – that even the Jewish people are under the influence of the mazalos (astrological signs) – whereas R. Yochanan maintains “ein mazal l’yisrael” – that the Jewish people are immune to the influence of mazalos.

The Power of Prayer

Rashi explains that according to all opinions mazalos influence the Jewish people as well. What R. Yochanan means by saying “ein mazal l’yisrael” is that Jews are capable of overcoming an inauspicious mazal through prayer and charity and other meritorious deeds.

Tosafos also say that according to all opinions mazalos can influence the fortunes of Jews. They cite Rava who says (Moed Kattan 28a) that one’s life span, children, and livelihood are not dependant on one’s merits but rather on one’s mazal. In an effort to reconcile Rava’s statement with R. Yochanan’s view of ein mazal l’yisrael, Tosafos explain that although one’s life span, children, and livelihood are influenced by mazal, one can overcome his mazal through a great merit.

Uniqueness of Av and Adar

R. Papa states in Meseches Taanis (29b) that since the month of Av does not have a favorable mazal, someone who is involved in litigation with a non-Jew should delay his court-case until after the month of Av. Conversely, it is advisable to schedule a court appearance during the month of Adar because of that month’s favorable mazal.

The Ritva elaborates that one should be mindful of the mazal of Adar and Av despite R. Yochanan’s view that ein mazal l’yisrael because these two months are unique exceptions to the rule.

The First Hour

The Magen Avraham (Orach Chayim 271:1) cites a kabbalistic source, Tikunei Shabbos, which states that the first hour of Shabbos is under the power of ma’adim – the red planet Mars – making it an inauspicious time to recite kiddush. Therefore, he advises reciting kiddush before nightfall when the mazal of tzedek (justice) is dominant. The Shulchan Aruch Harav (O.C. 271:3), also citing Tikunei Shabbos, clarifies that one can make kiddush before or after this first hour of Shabbos.

Shabbos: A Time to Enjoy

The Aruch Hashulchan (O.C. 271:11) takes strong exception to this view and writes, “Heaven forbid to suggest that klal yisrael are under the influence of mazal, for R. Yochanan states ‘ein mazal l’yisrael.’ ” He goes on to say that the ancient nations, based on astrology, used to sit in darkness and cry on Shabbos because the mazal of that day was thought to be bad. To demonstrate to the Jewish people that they are not under the influence of any negative (or even positive) mazalos, Hashem commanded that we illuminate our homes and enjoy ourselves on the Shabbos day.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

Current Top Story
The Al Haeche kosher restaurant in Paris had bullet holes through the front window. Dec. 24, 2014.
Parisian Kosher Restaurant Second Anti-Semitic Gun Attack This Week
Latest Judaism Stories
Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

The court cannot solely rely on death certificates issued by non-Jewish institutions without conducting its own investigation into the facts of the case.

Business-Halacha-logo

“I’m still not sure we have a right to damage his property,” said Mrs. Schloss. “Can you ask someone?”

Rabbi Sacks

Jacob’s blessing of Ephraim over Manasseh had nothing to do with age and everything to do with names

The Glory of Joseph

Slavery was universal; So, why was Egypt targeted in this object lesson?

Rav Akiva Eiger is assuming that the logic of the halacha that both the son and his mother are obligated to honor his father and therefore he must honor his fathers wishes first, is a mathematical equation.

The first requirement is a king must admit when he is wrong.

Reward And Punishment
‘Masser Rishon For The levi’im’
(Yevamos 86a)

Question: If Abraham was commanded to circumcise his descendants on the eighth day, why do Arabs – who claim to descend from Abraham through Yishmael – wait until their children are 13 to circumcise them? I am aware that this is a matter of little consequence to our people. Nevertheless, this inconsistency is one that piques my curiosity.

M. Goldman
(Via E-mail)

Reb Shlomo Zalman could not endure honorifics applied to him because of his enormous humility

Because we see these events as world changing, as moments in history, they become part of us forever.

They stammer “I’m not Orthodox,” as if that absolves them from the responsibility of calling to G-d

It’s fascinating how sources attain the status “traditional,” or its equivalent level of kashrus.

She was determined that the Law class was Dina’s best chance of finding a husband, and that was the real reason she wanted her to go to college.

But who would have ever guessed that Hashem would unlock the key to the birth on same day as the English anniversary of our wedding.

Rabbi Fohrman explores the question of how God communicates with us today.

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Reward And Punishment
‘Masser Rishon For The levi’im’
(Yevamos 86a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

Fetal Immersion?
‘The Fetus Is A Limb Of Its Mother’
(Yevamos 78a)

No Fault Lines
‘…His Father And Mother Were In Prison…’
(Yevamos 71b)

The Daughters Are Mine, The Sons Are Mine
‘Grandchildren Are like Children’
(Yevamos 62b)

The Decree Of 1587
“Two Kabs Of Dinars Were Given…To King Yanai”
(Yevamos 61a)

Ever Vigilant
‘When Unworthy, One’s Number Of Years Is Reduced’
(Yevamos 50a)

Where Frequency Matters
‘We Forbid Haircutting And Laundering’
(Yevamos 43b)

Informing The Decision
‘Found To Be With Child’
(Yevamos 35b)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-67/2013/03/07/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: