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Question: Why do Jews eat fish on Shabbat?

Answer: Eating fish on Shabbat is an ancient Jewish custom; it is even mentioned in the text of several Shabbat zemirot (e.g., “Ma Yedidut” and “Yom Zeh M’Chubad”).

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Rav Menachem Mendel of Kotzk (Amud HaEmet, p. 72) suggested the following rationale. Most kosher animals have mitzvot performed on them prior to being eaten –shechitah and melichah for example. Fish are the exception. They have no mitzvah or special ritual performed on them. Hence, to make up for this lack, we eat fish on Shabbat – thus associating fish with the tremendous mitzvah of Shabbat.

This reason may also explain why some people are careful to eat fish not just at one of the Shabbat meals, but at all three.

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Rabbi Cohen, a Jerusalem Prize recipient, is the author of eight sefarim on Jewish law. His latest, “Jewish Prayer the Right Way” (Urim Publications), is available at Amazon.com and select Judaica stores.

3 COMMENTS

  1. Eating fish on Chabbat and even for the three chabbatot meals is fine and a good motsva, as fish is also extremely healthy for you, but it you are a committed vegetarian what you are gona do? As you strongly believe that sparing fish and the other animals from suffering, wounding and killing is an even great mitsva, are you less of a good, believer Jew?
    Come on! you know in your heart and conscience the answer.
    Chalom vé esah hag sameah.

  2. Eating fish on Chabbat and even for the three chabbatot meals is fine and a good motsva, as fish is also extremely healthy for you, but it you are a committed vegetarian what you are gona do? As you strongly believe that sparing fish and the other animals from suffering, wounding and killing is an even great mitsva, are you less of a good, believer Jew?
    Come on! you know in your heart and conscience the answer.
    Chalom vé esah hag sameah.

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