web analytics
April 21, 2015 / 2 Iyar, 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Daf Yomi

Daf-Yomi-logo

Waiting For Kiddush
‘Mazal Bears No Influence…’
(Shabbos 156a)

The Gemara on our daf states that a person’s nature and destiny is influenced by the arrangement of the planets and stars on the day he was born. R. Chanina says, for example, that an individual born during the hour when Mars is “dominant” is destined to spill blood. R. Ashi explains, however, that this does not necessarily mean that he will be a murderer. If he wishes, he can channel his natural tendency for spilling blood for productive purposes and can choose a career as a surgeon, shochet, or mohel.

The Gemara cites a dispute as to whether or not the celestial bodies influence Jews, or only non-Jews. R. Chanina asserts “yesh mazal l’yisrael” – that even the Jewish people are under the influence of the mazalos (astrological signs) – whereas R. Yochanan maintains “ein mazal l’yisrael” – that the Jewish people are immune to the influence of mazalos.

The Power of Prayer

Rashi explains that according to all opinions mazalos influence the Jewish people as well. What R. Yochanan means by saying “ein mazal l’yisrael” is that Jews are capable of overcoming an inauspicious mazal through prayer and charity and other meritorious deeds.

Tosafos also say that according to all opinions mazalos can influence the fortunes of Jews. They cite Rava who says (Moed Kattan 28a) that one’s life span, children, and livelihood are not dependant on one’s merits but rather on one’s mazal. In an effort to reconcile Rava’s statement with R. Yochanan’s view of ein mazal l’yisrael, Tosafos explain that although one’s life span, children, and livelihood are influenced by mazal, one can overcome his mazal through a great merit.

Uniqueness of Av and Adar

R. Papa states in Meseches Taanis (29b) that since the month of Av does not have a favorable mazal, someone who is involved in litigation with a non-Jew should delay his court-case until after the month of Av. Conversely, it is advisable to schedule a court appearance during the month of Adar because of that month’s favorable mazal.

The Ritva elaborates that one should be mindful of the mazal of Adar and Av despite R. Yochanan’s view that ein mazal l’yisrael because these two months are unique exceptions to the rule.

The First Hour

The Magen Avraham (Orach Chayim 271:1) cites a kabbalistic source, Tikunei Shabbos, which states that the first hour of Shabbos is under the power of ma’adim – the red planet Mars – making it an inauspicious time to recite kiddush. Therefore, he advises reciting kiddush before nightfall when the mazal of tzedek (justice) is dominant. The Shulchan Aruch Harav (O.C. 271:3), also citing Tikunei Shabbos, clarifies that one can make kiddush before or after this first hour of Shabbos.

Shabbos: A Time to Enjoy

The Aruch Hashulchan (O.C. 271:11) takes strong exception to this view and writes, “Heaven forbid to suggest that klal yisrael are under the influence of mazal, for R. Yochanan states ‘ein mazal l’yisrael.’ ” He goes on to say that the ancient nations, based on astrology, used to sit in darkness and cry on Shabbos because the mazal of that day was thought to be bad. To demonstrate to the Jewish people that they are not under the influence of any negative (or even positive) mazalos, Hashem commanded that we illuminate our homes and enjoy ourselves on the Shabbos day.

About the Author: RABBI YAAKOV KLASS, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com. RABBI GERSHON TANNENBAUM, rav of Congregation Bnai Israel of Linden Heights, Boro Park, Brooklyn, is the Director of Igud HaRabbanim – The Rabbinical Alliance of America.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Daf Yomi”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Rav Aharon Lichtenstein
My Encounter with Rav Lichtenstein
Latest Judaism Stories
Torah scroll. (illustrative only)

For humans, reducing flesh is generally a good thing whereas its expansion is generally a bad thing

Hertzberg-041715

Lincoln was not a perfect man. But he rose above his imperfections to do what he thought was right not matter the obstacles.

Arch of Titus

Adon Olam: An Erev Shabbat Musical Interlude Courtesy of David Herman

Daf-Yomi-logo

Oh My, It’s Copper!
‘…And One Who Is A Coppersmith’
(Kethubboth 77a)

The omer sacrifice of loose barley flour was more fitting for animal consumption than human consumption and symbolizes the depths to which the Jewish slaves had sunk.

Question: If Abraham was commanded to circumcise his descendants on the eighth day, why do Arabs – who claim to descend from Abraham through Yishmael – wait until their children are 13 to circumcise them? I am aware that this is a matter of little consequence to our people. Nevertheless, this inconsistency is one that piques my curiosity.

M. Goldman
(Via E-mail)

When Chazal call not eating treif food a chok, that refers to how it functions.

His mother called “Yoni, Yoni!” Her eyes, a moment earlier dark with pain, shone with joy and hope

Kashrut reminds us that in the end, God is the arbiter of right and wrong.

In a cab with Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach & Rav Elayshiv discussing if/when to say tefillas haderech

The successful student listens more than speaks out; wants his ideas critiqued, not just appreciated

Why would it not be sufficient to simply state lehoros from which we derive that in such a state one may not issue any psak?

What do we learn about overcoming loss from the argument between Moses and Aaron’s remaining 2 sons?

Each of the unique roles attributed to Moshe share the common theme that they require of and grant higher sanctity to the individual filling the role.

Because of the way the piece of my finger had been severed, the doctors at the hospital were not able to reattach it. They told me I’d have to see a specialist.

“The problem is that the sum total is listed is $17,000. However, when you add the sums mentioned, it is clear that the total of $17,000 is an error. Thus, Mr. Broyer owes me $18,000, not $17,000.”

More Articles from Rabbi Yaakov Klass and Rabbi Gershon Tannenbaum
Daf-Yomi-logo

Oh My, It’s Copper!
‘…And One Who Is A Coppersmith’
(Kethubboth 77a)

Daf-Yomi-logo

The Heiress?
‘Determining The Daughter’s Status’
(Kesubos 68b-69a)

A Woman Of Valor
‘Would That He Listen To Me…’
(Kesubos 63a)

Her Children, Her Whim
‘Kesubas Bnin Dichrin’
(Kesubos 52b)

The Wedding Day Fast
‘He Accepts A Ring On Her Behalf’
(Kesubos 47a)

A Confession
‘Payment For Humiliation And Depreciation’
(Ketubbot 41a)

An Auto Accident
‘All Agree That They Are Exempt’
(Kesubbos 35a)

The Threat Of Death
‘Sign or Else…’
(Kesubos 19a)

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/daf-yomi-67/2013/03/07/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: