web analytics
March 2, 2015 / 11 Adar , 5775
At a Glance
Judaism
Sponsored Post


Seder Night And Back Seat Drivers (Part II)

Continuing with our examination of Pesachim as per the Daf Yomi cycle, the Seder commences with Kiddush recited over the first cup of wine. Whereas Kiddush may be recited before nightfall on Shabbat, it must be recited after nightfall on Seder night. Unlike Shabbat and Yom Tov, on Seder night there is a requirement that each participant drink from his own cup. When reciting the Kiddush one should remember that the same cup of wine is serving a dual function of Yom Tov Kiddush and the first cup for Seder night.

Shehecheyanu, the blessing for sanctified time, is recited on both Seder nights. The minimum amount of wine in the cup should be a revi’it, which according to Rabbi Moshe Feinstein is between 3.3 and 4.42 fluid ounces. In case of difficulty, the last three cups may contain a minimum of 3 ounces. The wine may be diluted with water but the mixture should not exceed the ratio of 3.5 cups of water to one cup of wine.

A person who would become sick from wine may, instead, choose any of the following beverages in the following descending order of halachic preference: wine mixed with grape juice, wine mixed with water, grape juice or raisin wine.

Following Kiddush comes rachatz, as the baal haseder’s hands are washed without reciting the blessing of Al Netilat Yadayim and the karpas is dipped in salt water and eaten. Yachatz is next, with the breaking of the middle matzah in two pieces (signifying poverty), the larger of which is put aside for the afikoman and the smaller piece used later for the eating of matzah and marror.

We now come to maggid, and the Haggadah is recited until one arrives at rachtzah and motzi matzah. At this point hands are washed with the blessing and the baal haseder lifts up the two and a half matzot and recites the Hamotzi Lechem blessing. The bottom matzah is then let go and the blessing of Al Achilat Matzah is recited and the kezayit of matzah is eaten in silence before midnight. After the matzah, the marror, dipped in charoset, is eaten, first separately without matzah in accordance with the opinion of the sages, and then together with matzah – korech –in sandwich form in accordance with the opinion of Hillel.

When we arrive at Shulchan Orech, the meal should be eaten in reclining position and finished before midnight so that the afikoman, like the Korban Pesach it signifies, may be eaten before midnight. Nothing should be eaten after the afikoman. The third cup is drunk with a blessing after Grace after Meals. The fourth cup is filled and Hallel is then recited without a blessing.

Nirtza, reminiscing about Exodus concludes the Seder. Because Seder night is called Lel Shimurim, the night in which God guards over us, no bedtime prayers are recited.

About the Author: Raphael Grunfeld’s book, “Ner Eyal on Seder Moed” (distributed by Mesorah) is available at OU.org and your local Jewish bookstore. His new book, “Ner Eyal on Seder Nashim & Nezikin,” will be available shortly.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

No Responses to “Seder Night And Back Seat Drivers (Part II)”

Comments are closed.

Current Top Story
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and many of the Bibicotters
Want to Tell the BibiCotters What You Think? Here’s How You Can.
Latest Judaism Stories
Hur and Aharon holding up Moshe's hands as Joshua battled Amalek.

“The voice is the voice of Yaakov, but the hands are the hands of Esav” gives great insight to Purim

Esther Denouncing Haman

Purim is the battleground of extremes, Amalek and Yisrael, with Zoroastrian Persia in between.

Niehaus-022715

One should not give the money before Purim morning or after sunset.

Mendlowitz-022715-Basket

The mishloach manos of times gone by were sometimes simple and sometimes elaborate, but the main focus was on the preparation of the delicious food they contained.

Does Hashem ever go away and not pay attention to us?

In other words, the Torah is an expression of the Way that we must follow in order to live a divine-like life and to bond in the highest way possible with God or Being Itself.

The Chasam Sofer answers that one of only prohibited from wearing a garment that contains shatnez if he does so while wearing the garment for pleasure purposes.

The avodah (service) of the kohen gadol is vital and highly sensitive; the world’s very existence depends on it.

Moreover, even if the perpetrator of the capital offense is never actually executed, such as when the fatal act was unintentional, Kam Lei applies and the judge cannot award damages.

Forever After?
‘Obligated for Challahh and Not Terumah’
(Kesubos 25a)

Question: If Abraham was commanded to circumcise his descendants on the eighth day, why do Arabs – who claim to descend from Abraham through Yishmael – wait until their children are 13 to circumcise them? I am aware that this is a matter of little consequence to our people. Nevertheless, this inconsistency is one that piques my curiosity.

M. Goldman
(Via E-mail)

“We really appreciate your efforts in straightening the shul,” said Mr. Reiss. “How is it going?”

This was a spontaneous act of rest after the miracle of vanquishing their respective foes. The following year they celebrated on the same days as a minhag.

The way we must to relate to our young adult children is to communicate with genuine loving-kindness

Jewish prayer is a convergence of 2 modes of biblical spirituality, exemplified by Moses and Aaron

More Articles from Raphael Grunfeld
Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

Moreover, even if the perpetrator of the capital offense is never actually executed, such as when the fatal act was unintentional, Kam Lei applies and the judge cannot award damages.

Grunfeld-Raphael-logo

One of the purposes of the ketubah money is to make it difficult for a husband to capriciously divorce his wife.

A more difficult situation arises when there is no evidence placing the missing husband at the site of the death.

The court cannot solely rely on death certificates issued by non-Jewish institutions without conducting its own investigation into the facts of the case.

When the inability cannot be clearly attributed to either spouse, the halacha is the subject of debate among the Rishonim.

The child of a Jewish mother from a union with a non-Jewish father is not a mamzer.

Although the conversion ceremony involves more than circumcision and immersion, these are the two essential requirements, without which the conversion is ineffective.

If a man dies childless, the Torah commands the deceased’s brother to marry his brother’s widow in a ceremony known as yibum, or to perform a special form of divorce ceremony with her known as chalitzah.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/judaism/halacha-hashkafa/seder-night-and-back-seat-drivers-part-ii/2013/10/17/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: