web analytics
October 20, 2014 / 26 Tishri, 5775
At a Glance
Blogs
Sponsored Post
Meir Panim with Soldiers 5774 Roundup: Year of Relief and Service for Israel’s Needy

Meir Panim implements programs that serve Israel’s neediest populations with respect and dignity. Meir Panim also coordinated care packages for families in the South during the Gaza War.



Lag BaOmer – One Big Mistake?

Bonfires of the Faithful

Bonfires of the Faithful
Photo Credit: Yonatan Sindel / FLASH90

A few weeks (years, now) back DovBear discussed why we mourn during the sefira period (and why the currently espoused reasons may not be historically accurate). He then mentioned that the entire idea of medurot (bonfires) on Lag BaOmer is based on pagan customs. I think that the medurot idea could have come from the method of notifying the Jewish people in Galut of the arrival of the new Jewish Month (pre-SMS and internet).

However, there was a fascinating article in this past Shabbat’s Makor Rishon newspaper saying that the entire idea of partying on Lag BaOmer is based on… a typo.

The Talmudic Researcher Rav Avraham Kosman arrives at the conclusion that not only is the entire Lag BaOmer festival — of bonfires, going to Meiron, commemerating the death of Rav Shimon Bar Yochai — a big mistaken, but that the idea of a Hilula (celebration) to commemerate the death of tzaddikim is mistaken.

I’ll translate the main highlights of the article (from the Hebrew)

In year 363 of the common era, a terrible earthquake rocked Eretz Yisrael causing tremendous damage to Yerushalayim and loss of life….it occurred on Lag BaOmer. As a result, Lag BaOmer became a day of fasting and prayer.

There is no Mishnaic or Talmudic reference to Lag BaOmer, except that the students of Rabbi Akiva died in a plague between Pesach and Shavuot since they didn’t act kindly to each other. Many accept that it’s unlikely that Rabbi Akiva actually had 24,000 students learning in his yeshiva (Lakewood today has how many? 3000?) and this was a reference to Bar Kochba’s soldiers rebelling against Rome. To keep all references to Jewish rebellion to a minimum, the Gemara referred to these soldiers as “students of Rabbi Akiva.”

Rabbi Eliezer HaKalir wrote a kina (lament) for Lag BaOmer, also attributed as the yahrtzeit of Yehoshua Bin Nun. Fragments from the Cairo Geniza recollect the fast of Lag BaOmer commemerating the Yehoshua’s yahrtzeit and “The Earthquake” (from year 363).

So…when did Lag BaOmer appear on the scene as a day when the mourning laws of sefira stop? When and why did it make the change from a day of fasting and mourning to a day of bonfires, weddings and merriment?

The Ari, (R’ Yitzchak Luria) went to the grave of Rav Shimon Bar Yochai (on Har Meiron in the Galil) during the days of the month of Iyar. He also went to the graves of Hillel and Shammai (also in the Galil) and prayed there as well…and somehow the idea that commemerating theyahrtzeit of Rav Shimon Bar Yochai became connected to Lag BaOmer.

The original prayers of the Ari were to beseech for a good year of wealth, and slowly the idea of commemerating a yahrtzeit went from a solemn day to one of a “hilula” (the way sephardrim and chassidim commemerate a yahrtzeit…with food, drink, and more…)

Now, the Ari didn’t write any of his books. They were all written by his student Rav Chaim Vital, and he had a monopoly on the Ari’s teachings. For 15 years, he refused to allow anyone to read his books and writings about the Ari.

Till one day…Rav Vital fell very ill. A wealthy person bribed Rav Vital’s brother with 50 gold coins — and hired 100 scribes to complete the mammoth task of copying all of Rav Vital’s manuscripts relating to the Ari…in 3 days!

Soon, all of the illegally copied manuscripts were published and available to all…yet in the haste to copy everything in 3 days, the following error occurred (according to Rav Kosman).

In the original, hand written document of Rav Vital, it says the Lag BaOmer was “יום שמחת רשב”י” — the day of happiness of Rav Shimon Bar Yochai (for being saved from the “plague – or Romans). The scribe copied it down as the abbreviated יום שמ’ רשב”י” which further was modified by the publishers to יום שמת רשב”י”, the day Rav Shimon Bar Yochai died.

Rav Shimon Bar Yochai was saved on Lag BaOmer from the “plague” (meaning he wasn’t killed that day), but there isn’t any historical record that he died on Lag BaOmer.

Let’ add the following:

The Chatam Sofer asked, critical about Lag BaOmer: (and that’s even with the Chatam Sofer accepting that Rav Shimon Bar Yochai died on Lag BaOmer!)

“Since when is it that the day a tzaddik dies is a holiday?” “How can there be a holiday for a day when no miracle occurred and isn’t mentioned in the Mishna, Talmud, or any hint at all in the Tanach?”

So…why do we do this all on Lag BaOmer?

If it’s a good excuse for bonfire, who am I to challenge tradition…

Please note: everything I wrote is from the article I linked to in Hebrew. I suggest you read through it yourself if you can – many more interesting historical tidbits.

About the Author: Jameel blogs at the Muqata: http://www.muqata.com, but these days extensively posts on Facebook. Follow Jameel at https://www.facebook.com/Muqata Wherever I am, my blog turns towards Eretz Yisrael טובה הארץ מאד מאד The views expressed in this blog are solely those of the author and do not represent the views of The Jewish Press.


If you don't see your comment after publishing it, refresh the page.

Our comments section is intended for meaningful responses and debates in a civilized manner. We ask that you respect the fact that we are a religious Jewish website and avoid inappropriate language at all cost.

If you promote any foreign religions, gods or messiahs, lies about Israel, anti-Semitism, or advocate violence (except against terrorists), your permission to comment may be revoked.

2 Responses to “Lag BaOmer – One Big Mistake?”

  1. Cheri Fistel says:

    There was a full moon-malacha lava 32. Who am I to believe; thejewishpress.com, or my lying eyes?

  2. Joels Davidi says:

    who cares…people like to have a good time…and kids need some time off too..

Comments are closed.

SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend

muqata logo 486x300
Current Top Story
Ismail Haniyeh, highest ranking Hamas member in Gaza, pictured Nov. 25, 2012.
Hamas Leader’s Daughter Treated in Israeli Hospital; #BDSFail
Latest Blogs Stories
Mir

If I make a million dollars in 2 weeks, how can I observe something like this and sit by quietly?”

Arab children look at pictures of two of a kind - Arafat and Barghouti.

{Originally posted on author’s site, FirstOne Through} The town of Sayreville, New Jersey is in mourning. The superintendent of the town shut the high school’s football program for the rest of the year due to reports of sexual assaults made by upper classmen of the football team against the junior classmen. According to initial reports, […]

Israel Palestine Flag

How long will it take for Israel and the Jewish World to admit that we are in very serious danger?

Doug Goldstein

How do changes in technology affect the human life and our interactions with each other?

Palestinians (and Jordanians) often use the term “provocation” regarding Israeli action in Jerusalem

The zealots who engineered the ban have been publicly disgraced.

I am sick and tired of this one way street boycott! Time to boycott all products developed or invented in the Palestinian controlled areas! Let’s start with……umm….

Such an incredible miracle to have Israel, it’s crazy that every Jew isn’t clamoring to live here!

Driving is cultural. I come from a place with incredibly polite and safe drivers, unlike Israel.

My difficulties persisted until I met a beggar outside a restaurant after Tisha B’Av 12 years ago.

I’m more worried about the dangers of the Palestine virus than the Ebola one.

“Nonsense” seems to be the New York Times sense of balanced and accurate coverage.

The Palestinian terrorists could undergo career reorientation and take to cod fishing.

It’s very bad news indeed that the idea of terrorist release is once again under discussion.

Aides to US President Barack Obama expressed displeasure today over not being informed of plans to assemble tens of thousands of makeshift residential structures over the last week in Jewish communities in areas both Israel and the Palestinians claim.

There is not a single sensible person on the face of the earth who would consider the bigoted BDS movement to be anything but a hate based organization. Their anti-Israel activity is deeply rooted in age old antisemitism.   Now I know there are those who will claim I am pulling the anti-semite card out […]

More Articles from Jameel@Muqata
Car Smashed in A-Tur 2

A women and 3 girls were nearly lynched today when Arabs attacked their car. How would you respond in this situation?

Mohammad Zoabi, age 17 - 'A Proud Israeli Arab Muslim Zionist.'

After Israeli-Arab and Zionist Mohammed Zoabi expressed his support for Israel, he was forced to go into hiding for his safety…

Egypt generously offered to help end the refugee issue once and for all. Abbas refused…

“The Jewish board of deputies, who are complicit, will feel the wrath of the People of SA with the age old biblical teaching of an eye for an eye.”

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas sent a floral basket to North Korean Tyrant-Dictator Kim Jong Un celebrating the “liberation” of North Korea.

Antisemitism, stupidity, fear, or exaggeration?

Hamas bomb expert kills team… last week he gave a preview of his unique bomb disposal technique…

A letter from a survivor who recounts the horrors of the 1929 pogrom in Hebron.

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/blogs/muqata/lag-baomer-one-big-mistake/2013/04/27/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: