Vol. LXIV No. 38 5774
New York City
CANDLE LIGHTING TIME
September 20, 2013 – 16 Tishrei 5774
6:36 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sabbath Ends: 7:35 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sabbath Ends: Rabbenu Tam 8:07 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Weekly Reading: Chol Hamo’ed Sukkos (see below)
Weekly Haftara: Chol Hamo’ed Sukkos (see below)
Daf Yomi: Pesachim 92
Mishna Yomit: Eduyos 1:2-3
Halacha Yomit: Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayyim 303:15-17
Rambam Yomi: Hilchos Tum’as Ochlin chap. 13-15
Earliest time for Tallis and Tefillin: 5:52 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sunrise: 6:41 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Latest Kerias Shema: 9:54 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sunset: 6:56 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Friday, second day of Yom Tov: Shacharis: Pesukei DeZimra, and chazzan chants from HaKel. Kerias Shema follows the weekday pattern, then the silent Shemoneh Esreh of Shalosh Regalim, followed by the chazzan’s repetition.
Lulav and Esrog: We take the lulav (to which 3 hadassim are bound on the right side and 2 aravos on the left side – see Mishna Berura, Orach Chayyim 651:1) in our right hand and the esrog (upside down, the pittam facing downside) in our left hand and recite the beracha: Al netilas lulav…in a manner oveir le’asiyasan, that is, before we have physically accomplished the taking of the lulav and esrog, we then return the esrog, to an upright position (with the pittam facing upward) and wave the lulav in six directions (see chart in this issue detailing the various minhagim as to the number and sequence of wavings).
We recite Hallel while holding the lulav and esrog, waving at Hodu and Ana Hashem (see chart). At the conclusion of Hallel some congregations (Nusach Sefarad and some Ashkenaz) say Hoshanos while circling the Bimah (on the second day it is Even Shesiya, as found in the Machzor). We put away the lulav and esrog and the chazzan recites Kaddish Tiskabbel.
We remove two Torah scrolls from the Ark. In the first we read from Parashas Emor (Vayikra 22:26-23:44) and call up five aliyos. In the second scroll the Maftir reads from Parashas Pinchas (Bamidbar 29:12-16). The Haftara is Va’yikahalu el HaMelech (I Kings 8:2-21).
After the Birkos HaHaftara, the chazzan chants Kah Keili, followed by Ashrei and Yehallelu, and we return the Torah scrolls to the Ark. The chazzan recites half-Kaddish.
Mussaf: All say the silent Shemoneh Esreh of Shalosh Regalim. The Kohanim go up to duchan during the chazzan’s repetition, and we say Ribbono shel Olam and Yehi Ratzon. (Most Nusach Ashkenaz congregations say Hoshanos at this point – see Shacharis) The chazzan recites Kaddish Tiskabbel. We conclude the service with Ein Ke’Elokenu, Aleinu (Nusach Ashkenaz now add Shir Shel Yom – Hayom Yom Shishi – LeDavid Hashem Ori) and their respective Kaddish recitations. Some congregations conclude with An’im Zemiros followed by Mourner’s Kaddish.
Sukkah: The text for the daytime Kiddush is: “Eleh Mo’adei,” “Va’yedabber Moshe,” followed by the blessings of Borei pri hagafen (on wine) and Leishev basukkah.
Mincha: Ashrei, U’va LeTziyyon, the chazzan recites half-Kaddish, and all say the silent Shemoneh Esreh of Shalosh Regalim. Following the repetition, the chazzan recites Kaddish Tiskabbel and we conclude with Aleinu and Mourner’s Kaddish.
As today is erev Shabbos and we have made our eruv tavshilin prior to Yom Tov, we make all necessary preparations for Shabbos on Yom Tov, prior to Shabbos. We must take care not to light Shabbos candles (from an existing flame) later than the times listed for each locality – as opposed to Yom Tov (at 6:36 p.m. E.D.T., N.Y.C.). Negligence in this regard can lead to an Issur de’Oraitha – a Biblical violation.
Kabbalas Shabbos, 1st day Chol Hamo’ed. We do not say Lechu Neranena but greet the Sabbath with an abridged liturgy. Nusach Ashkenaz begin with Mizmor Shir; Nusach Sefarad include a longer text, beginning at Mizmor LeDavid, and the last two stanzas of Lechah Dodi, then Mizmor Shir. Maariv of Shabbos follows with inclusion of Ya’aleh VeYavo, Vayechulu, Birkas Me’ein Sheva, Kaddish Tiskabbel. We conclude with Aleinu, LeDavid Hashem Ori and their respective Mourner’s Kaddish recitations.
Sukkah: We recite the Ushpizin (our Patriarch Yaakov leads the honored guests on the 3rd night). Kiddush of Shabbos, concluding with the blessing of Leishev basukkah.
Shabbos morning: Shacharis for Shabbos with inclusion of Ya’aleh VeYavo, whole Hallel – we do not take the lulav and esrog as it is Shabbos. At the conclusion of Hallel some congregations (Nusach Sefarad and some Ashkenaz) say Hoshanos – Om Netzora (we do not circle the Bimah as it is Shabbos) – Kaddish Tiskabbel. We read Koheles, preferably from a klaf , a scroll – but we do not make a beracha over this reading – followed by Mourner’s Kaddish. We remove two Sifrei Torah from the Ark. In the first scroll we call seven Aliyos and we read in Parashas Ki Tissa (Shemos 33:12-34:26) from “Re’eh ata omer” until “Lo sevashel ge’di bachalev immo. For Maftir we read Numbers 29:17-22, from “U’vayom Hasheni” until “Ve’nikah.” We read the Haftara, Ve’haya bayom hahu (Ezekiel 38:18-39:16).