Like Europeans, Israelis are mad for their soccer. For some, soccer is the true religion of the Middle East, one shared by Muslims and Jews alike.
But just as in Europe, not all soccer fans follow the normal rules of civility, and the behavior of some fans of one Israeli soccer team in particular, Jerusalem Beitar, has been reprehensible. Beitar was the last of the 30 Israeli soccer teams without any Muslim players. The anti-Muslim racism of its fans has led to Beitar being banned from some soccer matches and being fined, as well as having demonstrations by Israelis denouncing their behavior.
When Beitar management last week brought in two Muslims from Chechnya to join the team, the response by the haters was ugly, if not unexpected. Despite official efforts to celebrate the inclusion of Muslims into the Beitar family as an important Israeli value, some fans responded at a game over the weekend with shameful calls for “Beitar purity,” and unfurled a vicious banner: “Beitar, pure forever.”
But today’s New York Times story about the incident is shocking in its narrow focus and excessive reliance on Israel haters to suggest that the racism of the worst Beitar fans accurately reflects Israeli society.
Rabbi Abraham Cooper of the Simon Wiesenthal Center told The Jewish Press by telephone from Berlin, “You want to know what “mirrors” Israeli society? Walk in the Mamilla Mall on a Saturday night, Arabs and Israelis, Muslims and Jews, all strolling, eating and shopping together – that’s the mirror of Israeli society.”
The official response to the boorishness was swift and unequivocal: the team was fined 50,000 NIS ($ 13,400) and 50 of the worst offenders were banned from an upcoming match.
Deputy Prime Minister Moshe Yaalon slammed the ugly behavior, saying “I was shocked by the racism displayed in the Beitar Jerusalem stands yesterday against having Muslim or Arab players on the team.”
“We cannot ignore these displays of racism which not long ago were directed – and are still being directed – towards the Jewish people,” he wrote on Twitter.
And in a show of solidarity, Jerusalem’s Mayor Nir Barkat attended the Tuesday press conference welcoming the Muslim Chechen players, Zaur Sadayev and Gabriel Kadiev, who had previously played on the premier Russian team Terek Grozny.
Barkat said, “I want to tell viewers around the world that we will not put up with racism or violence. This is an ethical statement that goes out from Jerusalem to the world.”
And Beitar’s team captain Amit Ben-Shushan said at the press conference welcoming the new players, “We do not engage in politics. As far as we’re concerned, we will do our best to welcome the players in the best possible fashion.”
The Russian-born billionaire owner of Beitar, Arkady Gaydamak, rejected the nasty response to the new players, telling Israeli Army Radio last week that the “small group of so-called supporters of the team do not represent the general opinion of the Israeli public, and they should not be allowed to win.”
No one suggests there is no racism in Israel or amongst Israeli sports fans – far from it. A horrible incident received a lot of attention last spring when Beitar fans, chanting “death to the Arabs” after a game in Jerusalem’s Teddy Stadium poured into the nearby Malha Mall, where Arab workers were allegedly assaulted by some participants.
But the only “experts” quoted in the NYT article are ones whose professional livelihood is built and dependent upon denouncing Israel as a racist society.
For example, Professor Moshe Zimmerman, chair of Hebrew University’s German Studies Department, is quoted as expressing strong support for the article’s headline, that the racist Beitar fans reflect Israeli society.
It might have been useful for readers of the NYT article to know that Zimmerman was chastised by the relatively restrained Anti-Defamation League as far back as 2005, for repeatedly comparing the Israeli Defense Forces and authorities to Nazis.
Yet the NYT writer places Zimmerman as the first expert in the article. “People in Israel usually try to locate Beitar Jerusalem as some kind of the more extreme fringe; this is a way to overcome the embarrassment,” and Zimmerman continues, “the fact is that the Israeli society on the whole is getting more racist, or at least more ethnocentric, and this is an expression.”
The Wiesenthal Center’s Cooper responded to The Jewish Press, “to extrapolate from the rowdy and unforgivable behavior of Beitar sports fans to suggest racism is dripping in the streets of Jerusalem is absurd.”
Nidal Othman is the second “expert” used by the NYT, and the one from whom the word “mirror” was lifted to place in the headline. Othman is a lawyer for the Mossawa Center in Israel, and director of the Coalition Against Racism in Israel (CARI).
The Mossawa Center is perhaps best known in the west for a document it produced in 2007. That document proclaimed that Israel is an inherently racist state, and that the Israeli flag and Israeli national anthem had to be scrapped because they are racist. In addition, the Mossawa Center demanded that all Israeli schools teach students that 1948 was “al Nakba,” the Disaster, because of the creation of the Jewish State in the Middle East.
Othman is quoted in the NYT article, “When talking about Beitar, it’s actually showing a mirror for the Israeli society.” He also says of Israel, “”The political leaders and the religious leaders of the community are feeding the society with different racist incitements – against Arabs at all, against Muslims at all and against different groups in Israel.”
The website mission statement of Othman’s organization states that it seeks “to decrease racism in Israel, ” and to “delegitimize racism in all its forms.” But its site doesn’t mention a single incident of anti-Semitism or of Arab terrorism against Jews. Nonetheless, Othman is described in the article as a civil and human rights advocate.
While the NYT mentioned the imposition of a fine for the Beitar fans’ behavior, it suggested the punishment was only imposed due to “concerns that the episode could threaten Israel’s scheduled hosting of a European Under 21 soccer tournament in June.” The article neglected to mention that there had already been a racist outcry concerning the European Under 21 Soccer tournament. The racism in that case, however, was by European anti-Israel soccer fans who were protesting against the playing of any tournament games in Israel.
And that isn’t the only anti-Israel, anti-Semitic exhibitions by European soccer fans of late. There have been athletic events marred by violence, hatred, Nazi-imagery and loud protests across Europe, from Sweden, the United Kingdom, Italy, and Holland. Yet the vile behavior of those fans is not held up by the NYT as a mirror of Europe as a whole.
The NYT article does more than simply rely on Israelis who consider it their professional calling to label Israel as racist. It also does not quote anyone from the other side to counter that claim.
Not one of the experts, officials and laymen who are quoted in the NYT article about the Beitar fans, offers a different position than the apparent premise of the article: Israel is just as racist as its worst sports fans.
But perhaps the headline was – however intentionally – correct, as a mirror’s reflection always reverses reality.
Instead of a mirror reflection, the NYT Jerusalem bureau chief Jodi Rudoren should have been attempting to portray reality. Had the article also included the views of all the Israeli officials, team players, the owner and the citizens who reject racism – a flaw they recognize and want to defeat – the story and its headline would not have presented such a distorted view of reality.
Lori Lowenthal Marcus
About the Author: Lori Lowenthal Marcus is a contributor to the JewishPress.com. A graduate of Harvard Law School, she previously practiced First Amendment law and taught in Philadelphia-area graduate and law schools. You can reach her by email: Lori@JewishPressOnline.com
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