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September 21, 2014 / 26 Elul, 5774
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The Teachings of Ruth

The Ruth story demonstrates how all Jews should treat the strangers among us.

Of truth and belief

Photo Credit: Noam Moskowitz/Flash90

On Shavuot, which Jews celebrated yesterday (and which is still being celebrated by Jews outside of Israel today) the Jewish people traditionally read the Book of Ruth. According to various Jewish sages, this is done because (a) the holiday of Shavuot falls in the harvest season and a great part of the story of Ruth took place during the barley harvest; (b) King David was one of Ruth’s descendants and King David’s birthday and death date both fall on Shavuot; and (c) because Ruth was an excellent model for all righteous converts to Judaism, and during the Mount Sinai event the people of Israel experience a similar rebirth as they transform from a people composed of freed slaves into the Nation of Israel in a covenant with God.

The Ruth story demonstrates how all Jews should treat the strangers among us. The righteous Boaz looked out for Ruth, even though she was of foreign origin and was part of the Moabite nation that didn’t have such a pleasant history with the Israeli nation. Boaz’s behavior demonstrates how Jewish ethics teach us that we should always look out for the unfortunate, regardless which nation they are part of and what our history is with that nation.

Excellent contemporary examples of Israel living by this principle include an Israeli hospital looking after a disabled Palestinian baby who has been abandoned by his parents, Israel providing medical treatment for Iraqi children with heart problems, Israeli soldiers assisting a Palestinian child who was injured by a Palestinian rock thrower, Israel offering medical assistance to a Sudanese woman, and Israel treating Syrians who were wounded as Assad kills his own people. Israel continues to provide Palestinians, Iraqis, Sudanese people, and other members of enemy nations the chance to receive medical treatment in Israel due to our understanding of Jewish ethics and values.

Another important lesson that the story of Ruth offers is a guide for how non-Jews can become Jewish. Judaism teaches that all converts need to be rejected three times, before they are permitted to embrace the Jewish faith. Then, upon entering the Jewish nation, they become strongly committed Jews, for they wanted to become Jewish so badly that they overcame all obstacles in order to achieve this. Indeed, Naomi rejected Ruth’s requests to come with her to Israel more than once, before she relented and let her join her.

Furthermore, Boaz, by letting Ruth glean on his fields, was also ensuring that Naomi was taken care of, even though both she and her husband abandoned Israel during a time of famine while Boaz remained behind to help others, and even though Naomi’s husband died because he was not generous enough with the poor. Boaz’s treatment of Naomi teaches us that we should always take care of our family when they are in need, especially if they are widows, regardless what that relative has given in return.

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About the Author: Rachel Avraham is a news editor and political analyst for Jerusalem Online News, the English language internet edition of Israel's Channel 2 News. She completed her masters degree in Middle Eastern Studies at Ben-Gurion University. The subject of her MA thesis was: "Women and Jihad: Debating Palestinian Female Suicide Bombings in the American, Israeli and Arab media."


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4 Responses to “The Teachings of Ruth”

  1. Pninah Means Millson Mason says:

    The story of Ruth is greatly misused today by those gentiles who do not understand that Ruth took on 613 laws, the whole of Torah, as a convert to Judaism. It is not a name it and claim it to become part of our nation of people. One must reject all gods that our forefathers did not know. One must reject their past religion. One cannot mix their past religion with Judaism and then call themselves a Jew. A "stranger" is a CONVERT. It is not just anyone that we do not know.

  2. Anonymous says:

    Are you saying that the Palestinians are the strangers that we should look after? Is that why you put it in bold print? (hint)

  3. Anonymous says:

    Are you saying that the Palestinians are the strangers that we should look after? Is that why you put it in bold print? (hint)

  4. I am saying here that we Jews should always look out for the less fortunate, regardless what their nationality is. I support Israel providing Palestinians with emergency medical care and other humanitarian assistance, yet if you read my other articles, you will see that I am no fan of the anti-Israel activists or the Palestinian leadership. Just because I support giving a disabled Palestinian child the chance to have a decent future doesn't mean that I support Palestinian terror, Palestinian riots, BDS, or Israel not having a strong response in the face of Palestinian adversity. I hope this clears things up for you.

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