Photo Credit: Rabbi Eliyahu Safran
Rabbi Eliyahu Safran

Believe me, Rebbi, I only care about my child’s Yiddishkeit, and if he doesn’t go on the right path then I prefer he should just die already. – Words of a father to HaRav Aaron Leib Shteinman, zt”l.

A father approached the gadol hador, known for his wisdom, insight, deep sensitivity, and understanding. The father was fervent in his faith and love for the Jewish people, so much so that he was adamant that if his child did not follow the “right” path he would sooner see him dead. Would the great rav, recognizing the father’s love of Torah and Hashem, praise the father for this level of piety?


No. The gadol saw only a bitter, judgmental man embarrassed and disgusted by his child. The rav made clear that such a father was not expressing sacrifice but was contemplating murder, for his motives were selfish, cruel, and callous.

The gadol hador counseled, “The child must be made to believe that his parents truly love him and that it hurts them to see their beloved child lose out on a life of real happiness.” Such love, the gadol taught, would create the potential for the child to return to the right path.

Rav Aaron Leib Shteinman passed away just a few weeks ago. It sounds incongruous to say that a man who reached the advanced age of 104 was taken too soon but in fact it’s true; he was taken from us too soon. That the rav was a great Torah scholar is a given. His true greatness, however, was in the humility, kindness, and understanding that animated his wisdom, guidance, and teaching. We know God never abandons His people, but it is difficult to imagine anyone who can fill the void left by this incredible human being.

* * * * *

We read in Shemot (12:26-27), “And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say to you, What do you mean by this service? that you shall say, It is the sacrifice of the Lord’s Passover, who passed over the houses of the people of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians, and saved our houses. And the people bowed their heads and worshipped.”

Rashi comments that the people “bowed their heads” in gratitude for the news of their redemption and for the promise that they would have children to carry on after them. And yet we are struck that this very same passage appears in our Haggadah to identify the “wicked son.”

Why would the Children of Israel bow their heads in gratitude if the children they were to have would one day rebel? The Satmar Rebbe suggested that while it is true that sometimes a child is born with a nature that tends toward evil, it is important for a parent to accept it and still try to educate and guide the child.

His teaching makes clear that when it comes to raising a child to adulthood, perhaps the greatest quality that a parent can have is acceptance.

If only such acceptance were more apparent in today’s observant community.

Listen to the wicked son” “What is this service to you?” His question sounds as if coming from one on the outside, challenging and taunting. We have been given a sense of this rasha as refusing to acknowledge the service he questions has been ordained by God; he is not asking to learn but wishes to annoy and disrupt.

Perhaps that is their immediate purpose – but perhaps we push away too quickly. The Satmar Rebbe makes a clear distinction between such a son, an off-the-derech (OTD) son, and one who is truly evil. He calls on a father to educate and guide a son who leans toward evil but observes that those who hide wickedness behind a veil of piety are truly dangerous.

So while the Jews were told there would be those among their children who asked disturbing and difficult questions, they were grateful for the warning.

In the same way, the Brisker Rav taught that before Rivkah knew she was going to give birth to twins, she feared the turmoil in her belly was caused by a single child who would be running back and forth between the beis medrash and the house of idolatry. She cried out, “If so, why am I thus?”

But once she learned she would have two different sons with different personalities, she was calmed. Why was she not tormented that one of her sons would be wicked? Because, the Brisker Rav went on, one can try to help a wicked child whose intentions are clear. One rooted in the beis medrash at the same time he is rooted in the house of evil is much more difficult to reach.

Different sons. Different parenting. Each to receive the guidance he required.

In our verse we learn that the “…the people bowed their heads and prostrated themselves.” They did this knowing that one in four of their children would be reshaim. They knew that one in four would be cynical and rebellious; that they would be OTD. But they did not hide their faces in shame; they did not turn away in scorn. They did not wish those sons dead. They bowed their heads in gratitude!

Can we expect the same from parents and educators today?

Rav Shteinman’s entire teaching and being stood in opposition to the arrogance and meanness that define the observant community’s dominant reaction and response to our OTD children.

In our community the OTD child is often treated like a dangerous virus; a threat not just to himself but also to his family, his yeshiva, and the entire community. Roshei yeshivot expel not just the child who challenges and asks difficult and unpleasant questions but the siblings as well. The strategy is to isolate; to quarantine. No real thought is given to the child or the siblings. The yeshivot react as did the father who spoke to Rav Shteinman: as far as they are concerned, it would be better for the OTD child to be dead than to be present and pose a difficult challenge.

Rav Shteinman was asked whether there was any reason to avoid a connection with families who have an OTD child. In other words, should we further isolate the families? But the gadol hador did not consider the presence of an OTD child to be the deciding factor in terms of whether others should meshaddech with the family; the deciding factor should be how lovingly the family deals with the child:

“If parents lose contact with their OTD child, that is a deciding factor not to be meshaddech with that family! Whereas, if the family keeps in close contact with the child – then you can go ahead and marry into their family.”

Such thoughtful wisdom. It is how the family engages and loves an OTD child that determines the worth of the family, not whether they happen to have an OTD child.

According to Chadrei Chareidim (, the rav pleaded with educators of yeshivot ketanot to keep in mind two thoughts as the new school year began: One, to continually relate to each student as a neshamah, a pure and precious soul. Two, to stop expelling students from yeshivas.

This message must have been met with astonishment. It was hardly the kind of admonition most educators receive at the beginning of a new year.

Rav Shteinman continued in this talk he gave several years ago by referring to Bava Kamma 62a, as he does in his published volume Leading With Love. The Talmudic passage is concerned with a man giving a woman a gold coin to hold but telling her, “Be careful with it for it is silver.”

Rava rules that should she damage the coin, she would have to reimburse the man the full worth of the gold because the owner will rightly claim that, regardless of the actual worth of the coin, she should not have damaged it. However, if the woman was merely negligent with the coin, she would be responsible only for the value of the silver; she could correctly claim she had only agreed to be responsible for a silver coin (netirusa d’dahava lo kabilsi alai), not a gold one.

How are we to understand this passage?

To give it a more contemporary frame, suppose a man gave his friend a small safe to guard, telling him it contained $10,000. Now, such a sum is significant and should be guarded with great vigilance. But what if the locked box really contained $100,000? And what if the friend negligently left the box on the back seat of a taxi? What would he say when he learned he was responsible not for $10,000 but for $100,000? He would surely protest that he had never agreed to be responsible for such a princely sum. He would concede that $10,000 is a sum worthy of vigilance. But $100,000? That is another matter altogether.

“Had I known that there was $100,000 in the box, I’d have been even more vigilant!”

The rav would consider his protest and his claim that he should not be liable for the additional $90,000 to be more than legitimate.

But what does all this have to do with teachers and students? Rav Shteinman suggested that, in a similar way, every teacher, rebbi, principal of either boys or girls (equally so!) must fully understand exactly what is being entrusted to his safekeeping.

If a teacher thinks his task is merely “to teach,” a simple matter that “anybody can do,” he must immediately be set straight. Children are neshamos; they are netirusa d’dahava. They are more precious than gold. Do not for a minute think they are merely silver. They are the most valuable possessions of Klal Yisrael.

If a teacher is not able to take on the responsibility of safeguarding such treasure, he shouldn’t. Before setting foot in a classroom, he must know that to treat any child with less than netirusa d’dahava is negligence.

How much more so our own children. Are not parents the ultimate teachers? Each child is precious; each child is sacred.

* * * * *

Our OTD crisis is fueled by parents and educators who respond with anger and hard-heartedness to the challenging and rebellious child, not by the rasha himself. The response to the rasha must be to love and reassure him. He must know he can speak with you no matter what he says. Turning your back on such a child closes off any chance of return, of growth, of redemption.

Rav Shteinman beseeched us to never close off a chance for return. He taught that love for our children keeps that chance alive.

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Rabbi Dr. Eliyahu Safran is an educator, author, and lecturer. He can be reached at [email protected].