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Parshas Bereshis


Weekly Luach - Shabbat Shalom

Vol. LXII No. 41                  5772

 

New York City

CANDLE LIGHTING TIME

October 21, 2011 – 23 Tishrei 5772

5:47 p.m. NYC E.D.T.

 

Sabbath Ends: 6:52 p.m. NYC E.D.T.

Weekly Reading: Bereshis

Weekly Haftara: Koh Amar (Ashkenazim: Isaiah 42:5-43:10; Sefardim: Isaiah 42:5-21)

Daf Yomi: Chulin 117

Mishna Yomit: Pesachim 7:11- 12

Halacha Yomit: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 178:2- 179:1

Rambam Yomi: Hilchos Parah Adumah chap. 11-13

Earliest time for Tallis and Tefillin: 6:20 a.m. NYC E.D.T.

Latest Kerias Shema: 9:57 a.m. NYC E.D.T.

Today, the 2nd day of Yom Tov, is Simchas Torah.

Friday morning: Shacharis – as yesterday, Shalosh Regalim. The kohanim ascend to the duchan during the chazzan’s repetition of the Shacharis Shemoneh Esreh. (The Levi’im, or where there are no Levi’im, the firstborn, wash the hands of the kohanim before the chazzan reaches Retzeh. We do not say Vesei’arev, we do not say Ribbono Shel Olam or Yehi Ratzon. Chazzan and congregation continue with whole Hallel. Chazzan concludes with Kaddish Tiskabbel.

Those who are so honored each read aloud a pasuk in Ata Horeisa – and then we remove all the Sifrei Torah from the Ark.  We now begin the Hakafos circling of the bimah – we go around it seven times in joyous dance.At the conclusion of Hakafos we read in Parashas Vezos HaBeracha (Devarim 31:1-26). We divide the parasha into five aliyos, and we continuously call people (some congregations set the Sifrei Torah at different tables and read from each in order to assure in a quicker fashion that all have their aliyos ) – repeating the order of the keriah many times until all members of the congregation have been called.

We then call the individual who was honored with Chassan Kol Hane’arim. He recites the berachos with all of the children present under the canopy (or tallis). He is followed by the Chassan Torah, who completes the year’s Torah reading (from Devarim 31:27-34:12) to the end of Parashas Vezos HaBeracha.

We call the Chassan Bereishis, who reads from Parashas Bereishis (Bereishis 1:1-2:3). Following the hagbaha and placing the Sifrei Torah on the bima, the ba’al keriah recites half-Kaddish.

We finally call the Maftir who reads from Parashas Pinchas (Bamidbar 29:35-39; 30:1) and also reads the Haftara (Yehoshua 1:1-18).

We then say Ashrei and Sissu vesimchu beSimchas Torah; many add Hiskabtzu and Agil Ve’esmach.

We now return the Sifrei Torah to the Ark and the chazzan recites half-Kaddish.

Mussaf: in both the silent Shemoneh Esreh and the chazzan’s repetition, the tefilla is for Shalosh Regalim – all references, again, are to Shemini Atzeres. We do not duchan at Musaf, as we had already done so during Shacharis. Chazzan then concludes with Kaddish Tiskabbel. This is followed by Ein KeElokeinu, Aleinu (some congregations add An’im Zemiros) and the respective Kaddish recitations.

Mincha: Ashrei, U’va LeTziyyon, Shemoneh Esreh of Shalosh Regalim. Everything follows as yesterday.

                        As today is also erev Shabbos and we had made an Eruv Tavshilin prior to Yom Tov, we make all necessary perparations for Shabbos during Yom Tov prior to Shabbos. We must take care, as opposed to Yom Tov, to light Shabbos candles – from an existing flame – not later than the times listed for each locality (5:47 p.m. E.D.T., N.Y.C.). Negligence in this regard can lead to an Issur de’Oraitha – a Biblical violation.

This Shabbos is Shabbos Mevarchim, Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan is two days – this coming Friday and Shabbos. The molad is Thursday morning, 52 minutes and 15 chalakim (a chelek is 1/8 of a minute) past 6:00 a.m. (in Jerusalem)

We do not say Tachanun until after Rosh Chodesh (2 Marcheshvan).

Rosh Chodesh, Thursday eve: At Maariv we add Ya’aleh VeYavo. [However, if one forgot to include Ya’aleh VeYavo (at Maariv only) one does not repeat (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayyim 422:1, based on Berachos 30b, which explains that this is due to the fact that we do not sanctify the month at night]. Following the Shemoneh Esreh, the chazzan recites Kaddish Tiskabbel. We do not say Viyehi Noam and Ve’ata Kadosh (some then say Havdala in the Synagogue) followed by Aleinu, and Mourner’s Kaddish.

The following chapters of Tehillim are being recited by many congregations and yeshivas for our brothers and sisters in Eretz Yisrael: Chapter 83, 130, 142 –Y.K.

About the Author: Rabbi Yaakov Klass, rav of Congregation K’hal Bnei Matisyahu in Flatbush, Brooklyn, is Torah Editor of The Jewish Press. He can be contacted at yklass@jewishpress.com.


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Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

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Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

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Question: I recently loaned money to a friend who has been able to repay only part of it. This was an interest-free loan. We exchanged a signed IOU, not a proper shtar with witnesses, since I have always trusted her integrity and only wanted a document that confirms what was loaned and what was repaid. Now that shemittah is approaching, what should I do? Should I forgive the loan? And if my friend is not able to repay it, may I deduct the unpaid money from my ma’aser requirement?

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