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April 18, 2014 / 18 Nisan, 5774
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2700 Year-Old Inscription in City of David Excavations

This fascinating find will be presented at Megalim's Annual Archaeological Conference which will take place on Thursday, August 29th in the City of David.
Various finds from the fill layer of the end of First Temple period: oil lamps, LMLKstamped handles and female figurines.

Various finds from the fill layer of the end of First Temple period: oil lamps, LMLKstamped handles and female figurines.
Photo Credit: Clara Amit, Israel Antiquities Authority

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Archaeological excavations conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority in the area of the Gihon Spring in the City of David, in the Walls around Jerusalem National Park, have unearthed a layer of rich finds including thousands of broken pottery shards, clay lamps and figurines. Most intriguing is the recent discovery of a ceramic bowl with a partially preserved inscription in ancient Hebrew. While not complete, the inscription presents us with the name of a seventh century BCE figure, which resembles other names known to us from both the Biblical and archaeological record (see examples below) and providing us with a connection to the people living in Jerusalem at the end of the First Temple period.

This fascinating find will be presented at Megalim’s Annual Archaeological Conference which will take place on Thursday, August 29th in the City of David.

The most similar name to our inscription is Zechariah the son of Benaiah, the father of the Prophet Jahaziel. The name Zechariah the son of Benaiah appears in 2 Chronicles 20:14 where it states that Jahaziel, son of Zechariah, son of Benaiah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, prophesized before the Biblical King Jehoshaphat before the nation went off to war against the ancient kingdoms of Ammon and Moab.

 

Pottery Sherd of a Bowl from the end of the First Temple Period, bearing the inscription "ryhu bn bnh". Photo: Clara Amit, Israel Antiquities Authority

Pottery Sherd of a Bowl from the end of the First Temple Period, bearing the inscription “ryhu bn bnh”. Photo: Clara Amit, Israel Antiquities Authority

 

Israel Antiquity Authority archaeologists Dr. Joe Uziel and Nahshon Zanton, who discovered the bowl while excavating remains associated with the First Temple period destruction, explained that the letters inscribed on the shard likely date to the 8-7th centuries BCE, placing the production of the bowl sometime between the reign of Hezekiah and the destruction of Jerusalem under King Zedekiah. The archaeologists also explained that the inscription was engraved on the bowl prior to firing, indicating that the inscription originally adorned the rim of the bowl in its entirety, and was not written on a shard after the vessel was broken.

While the purpose of the inscription on the bowl is unclear, archaeologists have posited that the bowl may have contained an offering, likely given by the individual whose name was inscribed on the bowl, or alternatively given to him. Inscription Analysis

The first letter of the ceramic bowl’s partially preserved inscription in ancient Hebrew script is broken and is therefore difficult to read, but appears to be the letter ר. The next three letters יהו constitute the theophoric suffix (the component in which the name of the deity appears as part of the first name, such as Yirme-yahu and Eli-yahu, etc). These letters are followed by בנ (the son of) after which appears the patronymic name composed of the three letters בנה. According to archaeologists Uziel and Zanton, “If we consider the possibility that we are dealing with an unvowelized or ‘defective’ spelling of the name בניה (Benaiah), then what we have before us is the name “…ריהו בן בניה”

Many of the first names mentioned in the Bible contained the theophoric component יהו, as is the case of this inscription from the City of David. Besides the biblical references, other examples of this have also been found in archaeological excavations, written on a variety of objects such as seals, bullae, pottery vessels or even carved on rock. Noteworthy among the many names that end with the theophoric suffix יהו are several prominent examples that were previously discovered in City of David by Professor Yigal Shiloh, such as Gemar-yahu the son of Shaphan, Bena-yahu the son of Hoshayahu, etc. which were also found in the destruction layer and the ruins of the Babylonian conquest.

 

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10 Responses to “2700 Year-Old Inscription in City of David Excavations”

  1. Bert Schlossberg says:

    The fact that there is no spacing between the letters supports "btdvd" of the the Tel Dan inscription being bt dvd = house of david.

  2. Teveles Daniel says:

    amazing

  3. Benjamin Fox says:

    And the lying arabs say there was no temple and no Jewish presents, what a bunch of godless idiot's.

  4. And the Son of David will return for His people – but will He find them with oil in their lamps?

  5. Janet Dobler says:

    I used a chart from the internet with phonic hebrew and a phonic translater and got the inscription Zobobaai which searched to be a tribe of Native American Indians.

  6. And the City of David is where exactly? And surely David's sling is just lying around waiting to be found? And the female figurines? These David's diversions?

  7. Hmm how are you with black people and gays? Don't like them either? Oh dear.

  8. Benjamin Fox says:

    Simon, I grew up in a black neighborhood, the only white on the basketball team, baseball team and football team, was called the N word all the time and never thought much about it, never had a racist bone in my body, so your attempt at calling me a racist falls short of your real agenda, as for homosexuals who aren't gay at all, have lead many of them to Christ by His grace and guess what, no longer homosexuals. Neither God or myself hate homosexuals but, do hate the sin of homosexuality, did that get through to your bigoted mind?

  9. Michael Shea says:

    turn the rim so it is on the right side. that's how you read it. turn the rim so its on the bottom- cranes tied to a ships deck. the crane spells asian eat foot I eat knee. turn the rum on the right the crane spells diamond- erect penis (left end) I eat mouth ( neck or line) open knee erect penis ( the diamond on the right side, the body of the crane). also maps see my facebook page.

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