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There’s Still Something Wrong with this Picture

Charedi schools like Darkei Sarah now realize that the Charedi family can no longer survive on the kinds of menial jobs women can get without a decent education.
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Photo Credit: Michal Fattal, Haaretz

There is a new Charedi girls’ high school that has made a bold move to advance the education of Charedi girls in Israel. According to an article in Ha’aretz (republished at Failed Messiah) Darkei Sarah requires their students to take the standardized matriculation exams that all Israeli secular and National Religious high school students take in order to graduate.

While this doesn’t sound like much to those of us in America where the majority of even Charedi high schools have a relatively decent general studies department – it is nonetheless a step forward for Charedi Israel. Most Charedi girls’ high schools do not have those standards. Although they do teach a variety of secular subjects they have purposely avoided teaching the girls ‘too much’ so as to avoid the the “Michshol” (stumbling block) of university. They consider much of the subject matter taught there at best inappropriate and the environment to be anti Torah.

But at least the girls get some secular education. Charedi high school boys have none! They spend every educational minute on Torah – mostly Gemarah. Secular studies have little value to them. It is considered Bitul Torah (a waste of the precious “Torah learning” time) to study secular subjects.

Charedim may not agree with the Torah U’Mada principle that secular studies have intrinsic value – but what about the men preparing for Parnassa – earning a living?

Not necessary, they say. Their wives will be doing that. That’s why the girls have any secular education at all. So that they can eventually support their husbands! But even for the girls, they must not be taught too much lest they end up in college.

I guess necessity is the mother of change. Charedi schools like Darkei Sarah now realize that the Charedi family can no longer survive on the kinds of menial jobs women can get without a decent education. Here is how Sima Valess, the principal of Darkei Sarah put it:

“These girls will one day support their families [while their husbands study Torah and Talmud]…”

But in the same breath she adds:

“…in a way that could not possibly suggest that they will follow independent careers.”

As the article points out she had to add that they have not departed from the Charedi Hashkafos of not making career women out of Kollel wives.

I guess she wants to have her cake – and eat it too. I’m not sure what she means by a career. But these new standards are definitely designed to give Charedi families a better means of support. And that usually means a career in one of the fields studied at a university level.

I don’t know whether this will catch on in other schools. My guess is that it won’t. But there does seem to be some basic common sense among a few Charedim who can see the handwriting on their wall of increasing poverty… at least enough to enroll their daughters in that school.

Is the view of educating women so they can support their “Torah learning” husbands the right one for Judaism? I don’t think so. One of the most basic ideas expressed in both the written and oral law is the idea of a man earning a living: B’Zeyas Apecha Tochel Lechem – By the sweat of your brow you shall eat bread – God tells Adam.

This theme is repeated throughout Shas. Ein Kemeach Ein Torah; Yaffa Torah im Derech Eretz. The Mishna in Avos tells us that if there is no income the end result will be Bitul Torah anyway. It is also obvious from the Gemarah the sages worked and supported their families. This too is the case with the Rishonim. Two of the greatest – the Rambam and the Ramban – were both doctors. That is how they supported themselves. There is no evidence that either of their wives worked.

So how did we get to the current Charedi paradigm of men not working at all? The idea stems from another concept mentioned in Shas: Talmud Torah K’Neged Kulam . Torah study is the most important Mitzvah one can do. All energies should therefore be put towards that goal. If one can find a way to learn full time, he must do so.

What about people of the past like the Rambam? Why not follow his example? As I recall, Rav Moshe Feinstein mentioned the reason for that. He says something along the lines that we have so much Torah to learn today as a result of the volumes written on Torah subjects throughout history – that even if we devoted our entire lives to it – every waking moment – we would still not be able to fully cover all of it. In our day it would therefore be impossible to learn all of the Torah properly – certainly if we had to put in a full day’s work. Says Rav Moshe – the Rambam’s example can therefore no longer be followed.

I am not one to argue with Rav Moshe. But I still have to ask, how can we ignore our own history? How can we just reject the values the Torah itself posits? And the example the sages and the Rishonom set for us? On the other hand, how can we ignore the rationale Rav Moshe gave us for putting all else aside – including Parnassa –so that we can learn as much as possible?

For me the answer is quite simple. Not everyone is capable of being “Rav Moshe.” One needs not only the high intelligence he had, but his determination and diligence. There not too many people who can fill that bill. For those who can become great in Torah knowledge, yes they should spend their full time in learning Torah.

Whether they should learn Mada or not is a separate issue. But even for those who say it isn’t necessary, they should admit that not every person who sits in front of a Gemarah will end up being a Rav Moshe – or even anything close to that. They will never cover all the Torah that Rav Moshe said we need to know. At best they will only scratch the surface.

That does not free people from trying. But in my view the majority of people who are not cut out for it should follow the directives of the Torah SheB’Ksav and Torah SheBal Peh… and get a job! And then try and learn Torah by establishing fixed times for it. What about producing Torah scholars lie Rav Moshe? The cream will rise to the top. Those who have the potential for greatness in Torah will do so. And they should be supported. A lot better than they are supported now. The rest should “by the sweat of their brow – eat bread”!

But that is not the current Charedi paradigm in Israel. There is no concept of preparing for a job. No matter how ill suited an individual is for the task of dedicating their lives to full time Torah study.

That is in fact increasingly becoming the paradigm in America as well. All Charedi men are encouraged to learn full time here too. Secular studies are discouraged – and even disparaged – becoming increasingly marginalized even in those Yeshivos that have them.

The burden of supporting a family has shifted to women. B’Zeyas Apecha Tochel Lechem has been transferred to them!

I’m glad that at least in one Charedi school women are being better educated. Maybe this trend will catch on. Who knows…? But that does not change what I see is an Olam HaHafuch – a world turned upside down from what the Torah itself intended. A world that existed from the beginning of time until the post Holocaust 20th century.

Visit the Emes Ve-Emunah Blog.

About the Author: Harry Maryles runs the blog "Emes Ve-Emunah" which focuses on current events and issues that effect the Jewish world in general and Orthodoxy in particular. It discuses Hashkafa and news events of the day - from a Centrist perspctive and a philosphy of Torah U'Mada. He can be reached at hmaryles@yahoo.com.


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8 Responses to “There’s Still Something Wrong with this Picture”

  1. Anonymous says:

    The mitzvah is to learn Torah, not to be an ilui, not to be a Rav Moshe. The question shouldn't be whether someone "has the potential for greatness in Torah", but rather if someone has what it takes to sit and learn all day. Attitudes need to change to make the part-time learner just as respected as the full time one. Then things will work themselves out.

  2. Muriel Coudurier-Curveur says:

    Maybe men should learn to be more realist. G-d gave us a body as well as a soul and to neglect the need of one for the other is disrespectful for the gift we got. We need to pay attention to it all including the things we find trivial or even dirty. Try to avoid going to the bathroom for a few days, and you'll die. Once you're dead, you can't learn Torah. So study -and teach your children- both Torah and secular studies, get a job to feed your body, so that it'll sustain you through Torah study.

  3. Muriel Coudurier-Curveur says:

    it's also a mitzvah to teach one's son both how to swim and how to make a living. We have over 600 mitzvot to accomplish, not just the one to learn Torah. Men who think that they don't have to work to support their family, because the wife can do it, take the chance of having their own sons come to consider their father as completely irrelevant and become completely materialistic.

  4. Grace Acosta says:

    What is missing from this article, is who is raising the children? Kinderlach need their Ima, and if Ima is working full time, who is looking after the little ones? There is no substitute for a mother at home.

  5. Muriel Coudurier-Curveur says:

    Although, in Israel, we're blessed with wonderful Savta who pick up the kids from school

  6. Sarah 'Leibert' Garfinkel says:

    Um, you're kidding right? In 2012 BOTH parents need to take equal responsibility in childcare and other domestic workloads. Women AND men who balance careers and family are great parents, who raise great kids together.

  7. Liad Bar-el says:

    The mundane physical existence is transformed into the holy spiritual existence. Adam was created from dust and was later given a soul. The Beit HaMikdash was created from earthly materials and was house to the Oren Kodesh. The Oren Kodesh was a physical everyday object for everyone to look at until the Torah was put in it. Eretz Israel was set up by the unlearned and will be finally established by the learned. The point here being is, IMO, that a balance has to be found between the physical/spiritual pursuits in life and none of them should be neglected. This world needs religious men/women in ALL professions and this will not happen if one focuses only on one plane of existence.

  8. Liad Bar-el says:

    In all the early childhood education studies, what you are saying is true; however, what is happening today is that children are begetting children and raising them to hold the same life style of begging support from the yeshivot, from the ignorant, from the goyim, from the idolaters, etc, etc, etc. To even become a rabbi will not change this life style of begging. One rabbi at the kotel had no second thoughts about accepting money from a Catholic priest…until I made it known to him what he was doing.

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