web analytics
September 26, 2016 / 23 Elul, 5776

Posts Tagged ‘Wedding’

A Wedding Without Witnesses?

Thursday, June 9th, 2016

The teenage boy who slipped a ring on the finger of the girl in a secluded location at summer camp while saying harei at mekedushet li – you are betrothed to me – has not gotten the girl into trouble, as long as there was nobody around who witnessed the “ceremony.”

This is because a marriage ceremony conducted in private between bride and groom, with no witnesses present, is ineffective and the “bride” is free to marry another person without having to undergo a Jewish divorce ceremony.

The requirement of two witnesses for an effective marriage is derived from a gezerah shavah, an analogy based on the Torah’s use of the word davar – a claim both in the verse dealing with commercial matters and in the verse dealing with marital affairs: al pi shnei eidim yakum davar – a claim must be established by two witnesses – and ki matza ba ervat davar – he has a claim of sexual misconduct against her.

A person who claims he lent money cannot win a judgment unless he brings two witnesses to court to substantiate the facts of the claim. So too, a spouse cannot claim to have entered into an effective marriage unless there are two witnesses who can testify that they witnessed the marriage take place.

What happens if just one person witnessed the “marriage ceremony”? In commercial matters, the testimony of one witness has some significance in so far as the defendant against whom the single witness testifies must pay the disputed amount unless he takes an oath in court that he never borrowed the money.

And what if both “bride” and “groom” admit they entered into the “marriage ceremony” even though nobody witnessed it? If one is consistent in drawing the gezerah shavah, the analogy between marriage and commercial matters, then the marriage should be effective. After all, the rule in commercial matters is hoda’at ba’al din keme’ah eidim damei. This means that if the defendant admits he borrowed the money, the admission is equivalent to the testimony of 100 witnesses and he must pay. So why should the case of the marriage entered into without witnesses be any less effective if both bride and groom admit they entered into marriage?

The answer lies in the unique nature of the testimony required in marital matters. Witnesses to a marriage are eidei kiyum, which means their testimony is required to make the marriage transaction legally effective.

The concept of eidei kiyum can be better understood by borrowing from the modern legal concept of the Statute of Frauds or Section 9 of the Israel Land Law, both of which require a signed document for a sale of land. Without a signed document, there is no sale and a purchaser cannot force the “seller” to transfer his house even if the seller admits that he promised the purchaser to do so.

So too without witnesses the marriage is not effective in Jewish law, even if the couple admits they entered into marriage. This is different from the nature of the testimony given by witnesses to a commercial transaction, such as a loan. In the case of a loan, witnesses are not required to make the loan transaction legally effective. The loan can be legally effective without them. Witnesses are only required to prove that the loan took place if the defendant denies it. Witnesses to a loan transaction are eidei hochachah, probative witnesses. This means they are required to counter a denial but they are unnecessary if the borrower admits that he owes the money.

The Ketzot Hachoshen, however, rejects this distinction. If, as explained above, the requirement for two witnesses at a marriage ceremony is derived from an analogy to commercial transactions, then the nature of witnesses must be the same and they must both be witnesses of the eidei kiyum type. If so, why does the couple’s admission not render the marriage effective?

Raphael Grunfeld

Police: Haifa Religious Council Deceived over 100 Couples Seeking Independent Orthodox Wedding

Thursday, April 21st, 2016

Employees of the Haifa Religious Council have deceived more than 100 couples who said they wanted to be married through the national-religious rabbinic organization Tzohar, Israel Police announced on Wednesday. A Tzohar initiative has made it possible for couples to register for marriage anywhere, and not strictly in their area of residence as used to be the case in Israel. The idea was to make less stringent Orthodox rabbis available to Israelis who didn’t wish for their wedding to be officiated by a Haredi rabbi. That change was received with great resistance on the part of the Chief Rabbinate, which is concerned for losing its monopoly on Orthodox weddings.

Police launched an investigation following a complaint by Tzohar that elements in the Haifa Religious Council are acting systematically against couples who register to be married by a Tzohar rabbi. Among other things, Tzohar accused the council of entering false information regarding the personal data of registrants. The complaint cites more than 100 such cases.

Police interrogated with a warning two employees of the Haifa Religious Council, one of them senior. Police also collected testimonies, seized documents, and executed a variety of investigative actions. As a result, police are saying they have sufficient evidence showing the alleged violations had indeed taken place because of the council’s objection on principle to Tzohar’s legitimacy. Police believe the senior council employee was aware of and turned a blind eye on the other employee’s mass violations.

Tzohar emailed JNi the following statement in response to the news story:

“Effectively investigating criminal action is critical for our national desire to rid out corruption and restore the public’s faith in those responsible for religious services in our country. It is deeply distressing that the rogue actions of a small group can so negatively tarnish the Jewish spirit in ways that have caused irreparable damage to the people of Israel.”

JNi.Media

Wedding on the Temple Mount: From Servitude to Liberty

Wednesday, April 20th, 2016

I really envy the sweet Jewish couple who married last week in a surreptitious ceremony on the Temple Mount. I hear the cries of all the Temple ‘Mountaphobes’ sitting behind the public broadcast microphones and in the name of the public rob my tax money in order to control the public’s consciousness.

I hear their genuine fear of the Temple Mount. And despite the fact that in just a few days we will be celebrating the Exodus from Egypt, the festival of our liberty, they are still stuck deep inside Purim. Not the end of the story of Purim, but its beginning.

Why was a total holocaust decreed upon Israel in the Purim story? Because when redemption didn’t seem to be coming following 70 years of exile after the destruction of the First Temple, ( according to Ahashverosh’s calculations),the enlightened king celebrated the ‘New World Order’; he celebrated the Pax Ahashveroshana. With no redemption for the Jews in the offing, all the nations celebrated, drank and generally gave free rein to their animalistic urges at Ahashverosh’s feast; at the capital of the pseudo-kind kingdom that ruled from India to Africa.

The king also invited the Jewish sages to his feast. Complete equality for all. All the chief rabbis attended: the Ashkenazic, Sephardic, ultra-orthodox and modern orthodox. They all came to drink at the feast. Not before they made sure that all the food would be strictly kosher, under the supervision of the most trusted kosher certification (I am not making this up. All of what I have written is taken from the sources on the Scroll of Esther)  including a partition to separate between men and women according to the most strict stringencies of Jewish law…

After all, it is unthinkable to insult the king. We are responsible leaders. And then, Ahashverosh serves them the wine…in vessels stolen from the destroyed Temple in Jerusalem. And they drink…

At least if they had shed some tears into the wine served to them in the Temple vessels…But Rabbi Shimon Bar Yocahi explains that this holocaust was decreed upon Israel because not only did the newscasters of the time reject the whole Temple Mount idea, Israel’s message of human liberty under the wings of the One G-d – and exchanged it for the message of the liberty to enjoy lavish feasts under the servitude to man – but Israel’s leaders of the time also found their place in the New Order. They had funds for their yeshivot and Torah institutions. So everything was under control. They felt that they had overcome the extremists and that now, politics were in the hands of level-headed people. So they drank a little bit of wine, so what?

Enter Haman – the Amalekite. Amalek always shows up just before the redemption, when Israel gives up on its destiny and its message, preferring sweet servitude. That is what happened just before the Jews were supposed to enter the Land of Israel. All of them sobbed, just like the afraid-of-the-redemption newscasters.

Ultimately, they entered the Land. But not before the entire sobbing generation died in the desert.

The same thing happened throughout history, until the Balfour Declaration in the 1920s, when the British called upon our Nation to return to its Homeland (and even provided us with a foundation for a modern state). But the Nation of Israel did not show up. And once again, destruction was decreed upon that generation.

Yes, it is always the flight from our message that precipitates the next holocaust. Not  a lack of ascent to the Mount, but estrangement from it.

And who saves the day?

Mordechai.

“Have we gone mad?” cried the Shushan broadcasters. This crazy man is throwing a match into a barrel of dynamite. What was so bad about bowing before Haman? Let him keep his vision to himself and stop endangering all of us!!! Now we will all die because of one old man who insists on sticking himself right in front of the eyes of the world. And he angered Haman, who is always on the lookout for a way to bring us trouble…

And then, it really happens! The intifada breaks out because of Mordechai! Haman decides to annihilate all the Jews! And the broadcasters are proven right. Those whose world is narrow like the world of an ant, who are completely detached from the message of the Nation of Israel, those whose only concern is survival – to reach 12 o’ clock at night and to worry about tomorrow when the sun rises – cannot understand the situation differently.

For the covenant that safeguards our nation’s wondrous eternity has a terrible price. The Creator, Who made an eternal covenant with us, is willing to put up with our temporary weaknesses in fulfilling the commandments. But the King is not willing to give up on the vision and on Israel’s destiny.

If an elite force errs in navigation and misses the mark, it is generally hit hard by the enemy and lessons are learned. But when the elite force decides not to carry out the mission, it makes its existence superfluous. That is the time to bring in a new elite force.

Mordechai understands that in order to save Israel, they must cling to their purpose, cling to their destiny and not fall into servitude to Haman. They must refuse to become servants to the Pax Ahashveroshana. They must choose liberty.

Mordechai would not kneel or bow to Haman, the Third Intifada brokr out and the Nation of Israel was redeemed.

Ben Gurion also understood this principle. The ‘mad old man’ (as he was called at the time) insisted on declaring statehood, ‘provoking’ the Arab armies to finish Hitler’s work and annihilate the small and hopeless Jewish community in Israel.

And how much death ensued! 6,000 fatalities, fully 1% of the Jewish population in Israel, were killed in the War of Independence. And all of our newscasters and talk show hosts today praise this extremist, who understood – from a completely secular perspective – that flight from our destiny makes Jewish existence in the Land of Israel superfluous. It leaves us in the Pax Brittania and sends us back to the desert for another 2000 years.

I really love you, dear couple. You are so beautiful, so simple and dignified. Continue to safeguard your anonymity. It is good that you are not being interviewed. You entered the covenant of marriage in the place of the covenant of the Jewish People with our Father in Heaven. You safeguarded that covenant for us all.

The frightened leaders have forgotten that covenant. But you are the Nation.

You are the Nation, you are its soul – its lofty spirit.

In your modesty, you brought us out of the servitude of Shushan to the Festival of Liberty.

And who knows how many people you saved.

Moshe Feiglin

History-Making Wedding Secretly Performed on the Temple Mount

Tuesday, April 12th, 2016

The Temple Institute initiated an actual wedding ceremony on the Temple Mount, only the second time this has been performed in some 2000 years. The following is a press release we just received, describing the clandestine simcha.

An engaged couple recently approached Rabbi Chaim Richman, the International Director of the Temple Institute, and asked him if he would supervise their marriage on the Temple Mount. After scrupulously examining the detailed halachot (Jewish law) concerning the marriage ceremony, and consulting with other rabbinical authorities, Rabbi Richman happily accepted the task upon himself.

The couple met with Rabbi Richman early one recent morning in the Old City of Jerusalem, at the headquarters of the Temple Institute, where the blessing over wine was made, a prerequisite to the marriage ceremony. Two appointed witnesses then met the couple at the entrance to the Temple Mount. The witnesses were obligated to both hear the declaration of marriage from the lips of the groom and see him place the gold wedding band on the bride’s finger. All members of the party were instructed by Rabbi Richman that this had to be done without drawing the attention of the Israel police or the Muslim Waqf guards who would be accompanying the group of Jewish worshipers on the Temple Mount. Were they to notice they would certainly arrest all the parties involved and remove them immediately from the compound.

Courtesy

Courtesy

The plan went like clockwork, and while walking along the eastern perimeter of the Temple Mount, Rabbi Richman gave a tacit signal. The two witnesses drew close to the groom, who, ring in hand, said quietly to the bride, “Behold, you are sanctified to me with this ring, in accordance with the law of Moshe and Israel,” and quickly slipped the ring on the bride’s finger. This act, known as kiddushin (sanctification) is the binding act of marriage in any Jewish wedding ceremony. The couple was now married. They later stood beneath the chuppah (marriage canopy) at a different location and heard the reading of the ketubah (marriage contract).

The Temple Institute was able to capture the entire Temple Mount wedding on video, but in accordance with the wishes of the couple, are only publicly sharing two still shots, one of the groom placing the ring on the bride’s finger, and one of the bride holding up her hand, showing the ring to the camera.

The ancient custom of brides and grooms visiting the Temple Mount (separately) on the day of their wedding has been revived in recent years, but the actual performance of the wedding ceremony on the Temple Mount is a unique act in history following the destruction of the Holy Temple 2000 years ago.

Mazal Tov to the couple and a huge Yishar Koach to Rabbi Richman and the Temple Institute.

David Israel

Israeli Nation Shocked by Radicals’ Wedding Video [video]

Thursday, December 24th, 2015

A deeply disturbing video was broadcast on Israel’s Channel 10 television news Wednesday night that has shaken most of Israel’s population and its leadership.

WARNING: DISTURBING VISUAL GRAPHIC CONTENT.

The footage shows radical Jewish youths celebrating at the wedding of a well-known extremist couple. The celebrants are seen dancing to music and waving around guns and knives, one stabbing a photo of an Arab couple and their baby who died in this summer’s arson of their home in Duma.

The film was screened in the office of Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon with various activists present. Israel Police have opened an investigation into the video as well.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu condemned the video, saying, “The shocking pictures that were broadcast this evening show the true face of a group that constitutes a danger to Israeli society and to the security of Israel. We are not prepared to accept people who deny the laws of the state and do not view themselves as subject to them. The pictures underscore how important a strong Shin Bet is to the security of us all.”

Israel Chief Ashkenazi Rabbi David Lau said in a statement: “Such acts are not the way of Judaism. It’s a rejection and repudiation of the values of the Jewish people, of the Jewish Torah, and of the uniqueness of the Jewish people. Parents and educators must take it upon themselves, along with law enforcement, to do everything possible to prevent such horrifying identification with acts of terror and appalling murder.”

The Tzohar organization of religious Zionist rabbis also issued the following statement following the broadcast: “The deeply disturbing video clip should be viewed as a source of disgust and embarrassment for all of Israeli society. We call on all rabbis, political leaders and educators and all those who claim to represent these extremist evildoers to condemn their actions and positions in all ways possible and work to expel them from our midst. Our responsibility must be to defend and support our security forces who work tirelessly every day and night to defend us from those enemies who are committed to our national and personal destruction. “It is with the utmost pain that we view the phenomenon of encouraging violence against innocents. Such behavior is against the spirit of the Torah and against the most basic values which we hold dear.”

Avi Ro’eh, chairman of the Council of Judea and Samaria, viewed the complete footage in Ya’alon’s office and said he was completely stunned. “There were parts that I couldn’t watch. It’s shocking. We couldn’t believe there are such radical youths. This is a group that doesn’t belong to anything, and certainly not to us. What I was afraid of is occurring – we are being forced into a defensive position, even though I feel that we don’t have to defend ourselves. There will always be a few politicians who will try to goad us. These things don’t happen in our neighborhood.”

MK Betzalel Smotrich of the Jewish Home party said the the video illustrated the “evil price tag ideology,” which he said “is not the way of religious-Zionism, period… The demonic dance with the picture of the murdered baby represents a dangerous ideology and the loss of humanity,” he added.

The investigation into the arson murder that took the lives of the Dawabshe couple and their young baby continues; their four-year-old son is still receiving medical care at an Israeli hospital, with his grandfather by his side.

Hana Levi Julian

Rabbinic Court Permits Wedding 2nd Wife over 1st Wife’s Dementia

Tuesday, December 1st, 2015

(JNi.media) An Israeli Jewish man, 80, filed an appeal with the Netanya Rabbinical Court, to be allowed to marry a second wife, citing the condition of his first wife as the reason, Psak Din reported. During the hearing, the husband described his first wife’s difficult situation, being under 24 hour care, tied to a wheelchair and requiring help with every personal need. Other than her husband–the plaintiff, the wife does not recognize anyone, not even their grandchildren. When people come to visit she starts screaming or responds inappropriately and is not able to control her bodily functions.

The husband submitted a medical opinion attesting to his wife’s physical, mental and intellectual condition. The document determines that the woman is suffering from various diseases, including multiple sclerosis and severe dementia. Her illness is visible in both her physical and mental conditions, she experiences severe memory lapses, “is not interested at all in her surroundings, barely speaks, does not watch TV, and is occasionally restless.”

The plaintiff also reported that “due to her physical and intellectual disabilities she is unable to manage her own affairs and care, and therefore needs a guardian for her person and property.” In response, the court appointed a guardian for the wife, to make sure her rights are observed.

“Death do us part,” said the husband and explained that it is vital to him not to hurt his first wife, to whom he has been married for 50 years. He takes care of all her needs and is committed to continue this in the future. “I pledge to protect her … I buy medication and bring food home and everything.”

However, despite the difficulties he is already facing, the husband said that at his old age he wants to live with a woman, “who can make him a cup of tea,” hence the request from the court.

The Dayan (rabbinic judge) Rabbi Shneur Pardes reviewed various halachic opinions on the issue and concluded that the husband should be permitted to take another wife. The main discussion was over the rabbinic concept of “a woman who lost her faculties irreparably” who may not be divorced according to Shulchan Aruch (Ev. A:10).

“This situation of women diagnosed with dementia who is unable to take care of her basic needs, has lost sphincter control and cannot be intimate with her husband, fits the definition of a wife who lost her faculties and her husband is given permission to marry an additional wife,” the Dayan ruled.

In this context, the Dayan noted that it is acceptable to rely on doctors’ opinion.

The Dayan noted that he chose to avoid issuing a get according to the Ashkenazi custom, which requires the approval of 100 rabbis, forcing the husband to pay triple alimony for the rest of the wife’s life. However, to guarantee the first wife’s rights—dwelling, sustenance, medial care—the Dayan decided that the first wife will continue to live in the couple’s apartment until she dies. To that end he placed a permanent lien on the couple’s apartment. He also required the husband to deposit a sum three times the amount in the Ketuba (the marriage agreement) with the court.

The presiding judge, Rabbi Michael Amos, and Dayan Rabbi Haim Victor Vidal joined the ruling, permitting the husband to marry again, subject to approval by one hundred rabbis and confirmation by the president of the Supreme Rabbinical Court, Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef.

JNi.Media

The Beigel-Litman Wedding [video]

Thursday, November 26th, 2015

Friends and family attended the wedding of Sarah Litman and Ariel Beigel at the Jerusalem International Convention Center on November 26, 2015.

The father and brother of Sarah Litman were murdered by an Arab terrorists on November 14, 2015, as they made their way to the pre-wedding Shabbat Kallah celebration.

Thousands of people are dancing and celebrating outside the hall with the newleyweds.

May the couple have a long, happy and healthy life together. Amen.

Live feed:

Photos by Hadas Parush/Flash9

Beigel-Litman Wedding

Beigel-Litman Wedding

Beigel-Litman Wedding

Beigel-Litman Wedding

Photo of the Day

Printed from: http://www.jewishpress.com/news/photos/the-beigel-litman-wedding/2015/11/26/

Scan this QR code to visit this page online: